विश्व के सभी देश

मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
यहाँ जाएँ: भ्रमण, खोज


यह विश्व के देशों की सूची, एक सिंहावलोकन कराती है, विश्व के राष्ट्रों का, जो कि देवनागरी वर्णक्रमानुसार व्यवस्थित है। इसमें स्वतंत्र राज्य भी सम्मिलित हैं। (जो कि अन्तराष्ट्रीय मान्यताप्राप्त हैं और जो अमान्यता प्राप्त), हैं, बसे हुए हैंपरतंत्र क्षेत्र, एवं खास शासकों के क्षेत्र भी।

ऐसे समावेश मानदण्ड अनुसार यह सूची शब्द `देश' एवं `सार्वभौम राष्ट्र' को पर्यायवाची नहीं मानती। जैसा कि प्रायः साधारण बोलचाल में प्रयोग किया जाता है। कृप्या ध्यान रखें कि किन्हीं खास परिस्थितिवश एवं किन्हीं खास भाषाओं में 'देश' शब्द को सर्वथा प्रतिबंधात्मक अर्थ समझा जाता है। अतः केवल 193 निम्नलिखित प्रविष्टियाँ ही प्रथम शब्द (देश या राष्ट्र) में समझे जाएं।

यह सूची दिए गए देशों के क्षेत्राधिकार में आने वाले सभी क्षेत्रों को आवृत्त करती है, अर्थात क्षेत्र, जलीय क्षेत्र (जिसमें जलीय आंतरिक क्षेत्र एवं थल से लगे जलीय क्षेत्र भी आते हैं), विशिष्ट आर्थिक क्षेत्र, कॉण्टीनेण्टल शैल्फ, एवं हवाई क्षेत्र.

सूची में दिए गए देशों के नाम हिन्दी में हैं, साथ ही हिंदी में पूर्ण राजकीय नाम के प्रामाणिक या लघु नाम भी हैं (उदाहरणतः अफ्गानिस्तान प्रयोग किया गया है अफ्गानिस्तान इस्लामी गणराज्य हेतु। किसी भी नाम, जो कि सूची में दिया गया है; किसी नामकरण संबंधी विवाद में संदर्भ हेतु प्रयोगार्थ नही हैं।

विषय वस्तु सूची:[संपादित करें]

अनुक्रम: सम्मिलित एन्टिटी - सम्मिलित नहीं हुईं एन्टिटी

अं
क्ष त्र ज्ञ
इन्हें भी देखे - सन्दर्भ - पादटिप्पणी - बाहरी कङियाँ


सम्मिलित राजनैतिक सत्ताओं के प्रकार[संपादित करें]

इस सूची में 245 प्रकार की सत्ताएं निम्न हैं :

विश्व के देशओं की सूची के अनुलग्नक, में एक रूपरेखा दी गई है, उन प्रविष्टियों की जो इसमें शामिल नहीं किए गए हैं। इसमें सुभिन्न राजनैतिक एवं वैधिक सत्तएं आती हैं, जो कि देश हैं परंतु एक सार्वभौम राष्ट्र के समूचे भाग माने जाते हैं, खासकर यूनाइटेड किंग्डम एवं जर्मनी के अन्तर्गत आने वाले देश।

राष्ट्र नामों की कुंजी[संपादित करें]

  • बैहरीन (बोल्ड या मोटा) - राष्ट्र, जिन्हें अन्तराष्ट्रीय मान्यता प्राप्त है।
  • अबखाजिया (मोटा एवं झुका - बोल्ड एवं इटैलियाई) - राष्ट्र जिन्हें अन्तराष्ट्रीय मान्यता प्राप्त नहीं है।
  • केयमैन द्वीप समूह (साधारण) - अन्य अ-राज्य देश

राष्ट्रों की सूची[संपादित करें]

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देल्हि

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इन्हें भी देखे[संपादित करें]


सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

पादटिप्पणी[संपादित करें]

  1. उदाहरणार्थ यूनाइटेड किंगडम के घटक देश (इंग्लैंड, उत्तरी आयरलैंड, स्कॉटलैंड और वेल्स)।
  2. सन्दर्भ त्रुटि: <ref> का गलत प्रयोग; NC नाम के संदर्भ में जानकारी नहीं है।
  3. अबखाजिया is a de facto independent state inside the de jure territory of जॉर्जिया, diplomatically recognized by no UN member states. See Regions and territories: Abkhazia (14 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  4. Nagorno-Karabakh is a de facto independent state inside the de jure territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan, diplomatically recognized by no UN member states. See Regions and territories: Nagorno-Karabakh (17 January 2006). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  5. Transnistria is a de facto independent state inside the de jure territory of the Republic of Moldova, diplomatically recognized by no UN member states, commonly known and referred to internationally as Transnistria, but sometimes referred to as "Pridnestrovie" (along with the corresponding long-form name "Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic"). See Regions and territories: Trans-Dniester (13 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  6. Somaliland is a de facto independent state inside the de jure territory of the Somali Republic, diplomatically recognized by no UN member states. See Regions and territories: Somaliland (30 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  7. South Ossetia is a de facto independent state inside the de jure territory of Georgia, diplomatically recognized by no UN member states. See Regions and territories: South Ossetia (14 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  8. सुदूर क्षेत्र /सुदूर विभाग जो कि फ्रेंच गियाना, गुआदेलूप, मार्तिनीक एवं Réunion के साथ ही फ्रांस के अंतरंग भाग हैं, इस हेतु सूची में नहीं दिए गए हैं।.
  9. See also नागोर्नो-काराबाख.
  10. Argentina इसे वैधानिक अर्थ हेतु अर्जेन्टाइन राज्य भी बोलते हैं।
  11. Ireland को प्राय: Republic of Ireland as the official "description" of the state in order to distinguish it from the island of Ireland as a whole.
  12. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is popularly known as North Korea.
  13. कनाडा को आधिकारिक रूप से (किन्तु यदा-कदा) डोमिनियन ऑफ कनाडा भी कहा जाता है। .
  14. The Democratic Republic of the Congo is referred to as Congo-Kinshasa to distinguish it from the Republic of the Congo. It is also often referred to as Zaire, its official name from 1971 to 1997.
  15. Kyrgyzstan is also sometimes rendered as Kirghizia.
  16. The सेन्ट्रल अफ़्रीकन रिपब्लिक को मध्य अफ्रीका भी कहा जाता है।
  17. The Republic of the Congo is referred to as Congo-Brazzaville to distinguish it from the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  18. कोसोवो is a de jure autonomous province of Serbia, the formal name of which is "Kosovo and Metohija". It has been under United Nations administration since 1999 under the terms of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 that ended the Kosovo conflict. That resolution reaffirmed the sovereignty of Serbia over Kosovo but required the UN administration to promote the establishment of 'substantial autonomy and self-government' for Kosovo pending a 'final settlement' for negotiation between the parties. See also Constitutional status of Kosovo.
  19. The Bailiwick of Guernsey includes its self-governing dependencies Alderney, Herm and Sark.
  20. Commonly known as China, the area under the domain of the People's Republic of China is occasionally rendered as mainland China in the relationship with its special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao as well as its relations with the Republic of China.
  21. The Czech Republic is also infrequently rendered as Czechia. See Names of the Czech Republic.
  22. See also Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
  23. The Republic of China (ROC) is a state commonly referred to as Taiwan. It is also diplomatically occasionally known as Chinese Taipei or other names. The ROC is no longer an United Nations member since late 1971 and regarded by UN as Taiwan, Province of China (see also One-China policy and Taiwan Province, People's Republic of China). It is currently recognized by the Holy See and 23 UN member states and with de facto international relations with most others. The political status of the ROC and the legal status of Taiwan (alongside the territories currently under the ROC jurisdiction) are in dispute. The ROC should not be confused with the Republic of Taiwan proposed by supporters of Taiwan independence.
  24. The Republic of Korea is popularly known as South Korea.
  25. Legally the Netherlands refers to the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, with the latter consisting of the Netherlands and two overseas countries, namely Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles.
  26. Western Sahara is a former Spanish colony which was in 1960s put on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories subject to decolonization. It is claimed by the Kingdom of Morocco which currently rules large portion of it, and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) which exercises effective control over the area east of Moroccan Wall. SADR is a member of the African Union and the Asian-African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian-African Conference. It is currently recognized by 46 UN member states but has never been admitted to UN itself. UN has attempted to hold a referendum through the mission United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO), and is holding direct talks between Morocco and the Polisario Front (the ruling party of SADR). Despite these attempts, however, the legal and political status of Western Sahara remain unresolved. See also Legal status of Western Sahara.
  27. The Occupied Palestinian Territories are those portions of the former British Mandate of Palestine captured and administered by Jordan and Egypt in the late 1940's, and later by Israel following the 1967 Six-Day War. They include Gaza Strip and West Bank, both of which are now divded into 3 areas (Area A, Area B, and Area C) and 16 governorates under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian National Authority in accordance with the Oslo Accords. The permanent legal and political status of these places are subject to further negotiation between the government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization.
  28. Falkland Islands is also claimed by Argentina as Islas Malvinas.
  29. See also entities Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, as well as District Brčko.
  30. Macao is a Special administrative region of the People's Republic of China. It is diplomatically known as Macao, China.
  31. Republic of Macedonia is referred to by UN and a number of countries and international organizations as the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
  32. See also Transnistria.
  33. See also Western Sahara.
  34. Vatican City is administered by a Governor appointed by the Pope, with the latter being the head of the Holy See and that of the Vatican City concurrently.
  35. See also Kosovo - under UN administration.
  36. See also Northern Cyprus.
  37. सोमालिया is presently fragmented with its Transitional National Government
  38. Svalbard is an overseas territory of Norway recognized by international treaty.
  39. Hong Kong है Special administrative region, People's Republic of China के अन्तर्गत. इसे प्रायः Hong Kong, China कहा जाता है।
  40. E.g. the constituent countries of the United Kingdom (England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales).

- बाहरी कङियाँ[संपादित करें]