विकिपीडिया:IPA for Thai and Lao

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Thai and Lao pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

Consonants
IPA Thai Lao English equivalent
b abash
d ฎ,ด ado
f ฝ,ฟ ຝ,ຟ food
h ห,ฮ ຫ,ຮ head
j ญ,ย,อย,หย yak
k scan
ข,ฃ,ค,ฅ,ฆ ຂ,ຄ can
l ล,ฬ,หล ລ,ຫຼ leaf
m ม,หม ມ,ໝ much
n ณ,น,หน ນ,ໜ not
ŋ ง,หง ງ,ຫງ bang
ɲ ຍ,ຫຍ canyon (Lao only)
p span
ผ,พ,ภ ຜ,ພ pan
r ร,หร ຣ,ຫຼ ,ຫຣ trilled r
s ซ,ศ,ษ,ส ສ,ຊ sue
t ฏ,ต stable
ฐ,ฑ,ฒ,ถ,ท,ธ ຖ,ທ table
catch
tɕʰ ฉ, ช, ฌ choose
w ว,หว ວ,ຫວ way, quick
ʔ อ, ะ the catch in uh-oh
 
Tone
IPA Description
= āː mid [aː˧]
àː low [aː˨˩]
âː falling [aː˥˩] (Thai), high falling [aː˥˧] (Lao)
a̭ː low falling [aː˧˩] (Lao only)
áː high [aː˦˥]
ǎː mid rising [aː˨˦]
Vowels
IPA Thai[1] Lao English equivalent
Short vowels
a ◌ะ, ◌ั◌ ◌ະ, ◌ັ◌ far
e เ◌ะ, เ◌็◌ ເ◌ະ, ເ◌ັ◌ let
ɛ แ◌ะ, แ◌็◌ ແ◌ະ, ແ◌ັ◌ mat
i ◌ิ, ◌ิ◌ ◌ິ feet
o โ◌ะ, ◌◌ ໂ◌ະ, ◌ົ◌ boat
ɔ เ◌าะ, ◌็อ◌ ◌ໍ lot
u ◌ุ, ◌ุ◌ ◌ຸ book
ɯ ◌ึ, ◌ึ◌ ◌ຶ luck
ɤ เ◌อะ ເ◌ິະ, ເ◌ິ◌ hut
Long vowels
◌า, ◌า◌ ◌າ bra
เ◌, เ◌◌ ເ◌ plain
ɛː แ◌, แ◌◌ ແ◌ pan
◌ี, ◌ี◌ ◌ີ green
โ◌, โ◌◌ ໂ◌ home
ɔː ◌อ, ◌อ◌ ◌ໍ, ◌ອ lawn
◌ู, ◌ู, ◌ູ moon
ɯː ◌ือ, ◌ื◌ ◌ື lure
ɤː เ◌อ, เ◌ิ◌ ເ◌ີ fur
Diphthongs[2][3]
ia, iə เ◌ียะ ເ◌ັຽະ
iːa, iːə เ◌ีย, เ◌ีย◌ ເ◌ັຽ beer
ua, uə ◌ัวะ ◌ົວະ
uːa, uːə ◌ัว, ◌ว◌ ◌ົວ poor
ɯa, ɯə เ◌ือะ ເ◌ຶອະ
ɯːa, ɯːə เ◌ือ, เ◌ือ◌ ເ◌ຶອ pure

Notes[संपादित करें]

  1. Vowels diacritics are shown on a dotted circle "◌".
  2. More diphthongs occur in the pattern /Vw/ or /Vj/: /aj, aːj, aw, aːw, iw, uj, uːj, ew, eːw, ɛːw, ɤːj, oːj, ɔːj, iow, uɛj, ɯɛj/.
  3. Thai pronunciation follows the former listing, with /a/ as the ending vowel (according to Tingsabadh, Kalaya; Arthur S. Abramson (1993). "Thai". Journal of the International Phonetic Association. 23 (1): 24–28. डीओआइ:10.1017/S0025100300004746. |access-date= दिए जाने पर |url= भी दिया होना चाहिए (मदद)).