विकिपीडिया:IPA for Armenian
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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Armenian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles, based on Eastern Armenian (EA) and Western Armenian (WA).
- Plosives and affricates that are voiced in Eastern Armenian /b d dz dʒ ɡ/ are voiceless aspirated /pʰ tʰ tsʰ tʃʰ kʰ/ in Western Armenian. Note also, that “In some publications, the voiceless plosives [of Eastern Armenian] are also defined as ejectives or glottalised. Glottalised plosives occur in various Armenian dialects and can also be found in the Eastern Armenian vernacular based on the Yerevan dialect, but according to normative grammars, SMEA [Standard Modern Eastern Armenian] shows no glottalised voiceless plosives.” Jasmine Dum-Tragut. Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian. London Oriental and African Language Library, 2007, issn 1382-3485; p. 17
- Not used in Western Armenian.
- Plosives and affricates that are tenuis /p t ts tʃ k/ in Eastern Armenian and Classical Armenian are voiced /b d dz dʒ ɡ/ in Western Armenian.
- The two rhotics represented as ‹ռ› and ‹ր› have merged to /ɾ/ in Western Armenian.
- In Classical Armenian and among modern Iranian Armenians, /ɾ/ is an alveolar approximant /ɹ/.
- Only at the end of the word.
- ‹ե› represents [jɛ] when word-initial.
- ‹ո› represents [vo] when word-initial.
- The letters իւ were replaced in Reformed orthography with յու, thus destroying the ʏ sound in Reformend orthography.