विकिपीडिया:IPA for Berber

मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Berber language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

In the interest of pan-dialectal legibility, the Berber Latin alphabet omits the partly phonemic contrast found in some Berber language varieties (notably Kabyle and Tarifit) between stops and fricatives.

IPA Similar English sound Berber Latin letter Tifinagh (IRCAM) equivalent
æ a like in the English word bad A a
b like the English b, and sometimes like the Spanish v B b
β like the English b, and sometimes like the Spanish v B b,
ç English k, and some cases like the German ch in ich K k,
d English d, and th in this D d
dz as in English ds in words zz -
like in John Ǧ ǧ
ð English d, and th in this D d,
ðˤ emphatic "d"
ə e in Amsterdam E e
f like the English f F f
ɡ g like in the words gate or Greek gh G g
h h like in hello or high H h
ħ like in Arabic Muammad (no English equivalent)
i English ee like in sheet, and the English i in with I i
j y like in yes Y y
ʝ g like in the words gate or Greek gi G g, ǥ
k English k, and some cases like the German ch in ich K k
l l L l
m m M m
n n N n
θ t, and the English th in bath T t,
q like Arabic "qaf" (no English equivalent) Q q
r like a Spanish or Italian r R r
emphatic "r"
ʁ French "r" Gh gh, Ɣ ɣ or Γ γ
s s S s
emphatic "s"
ʃ the English sh in ship C c
t t, and the English th in bath T t
emphatic "t"
ts ts like Russian tsar ţţ -
English ch like in China Č č
ʊ u like in put U u
w w in weep W w
ʷ adds a w sound, as in quick (sometimes °)
χ Spanish j, German / Dutch ch, Arabic "kh" X x
ɣ Spanish g in trigo gh
z z in zoo Z z
emphatic "z"
ʒ like in confusion or television J j
ʕ like Arabic ع `ayn (no English equivalent) Â â, Ɛ ɛ or Σ ε