विकिपीडिया:IPA for Burmese

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Burmese language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Burmese language#Phonology for a more thorough discussion of the sounds of Burmese.

Consonants
IPA Burmese example Approximate English equivalent
b ဘဲ [bɛ́] bat
d ဓာတ် [daʔ] dye
ဂျင် [ɪ̀ɴ] Jew
ð အညာသား [ʔəɲàðá][1] this
ɡ ဂုဏ် [ɡòuɴ] gate
h ဟုတ် [houʔ] hone
j ယား [já] yield
k ကုန် [kòuɴ] skate[2]
ခုန် [òuɴ] Kate[3]
l လုပ် [louʔ] lay
လှုပ် [ouʔ] play; like /l/ but voiceless
m မတ် [maʔ] much
မှတ် [aʔ] None; like /m/ but voiceless
n နမ်း [náɴ] not
နှမ်း [áɴ] None; like /n/ but voiceless
ɴ ခံ [kʰaɴ] lawn or long, but without a complete closure between the tongue and the roof of the mouth[4]
ɲ ညစ် [ɲɪʔ] canyon
ɲ̥ ညှစ် [ɲ̥ɪʔ] None; like /ɲ/, but voiceless
ŋ ငါး [ŋá] sing
ŋ̊ ငှါး [ŋ̊á] None; like /ŋ/, but voiceless
p ပဲ [pɛ́] spat[2]
ဖဲ [ɛ́] pat[3]
ɹ အမရပူရ [ʔəməɹa̰pùɹa̰][5] rock
s စာ [sà] cats[6]
ဆာ [à] grass hut[3]
ʃ ရှာ [ʃà] shoe
t တတ် [taʔ] sty[2]
ထပ် [aʔ] tie[3]
ကြဉ် [ɪ̀ɴ] itch[2]
tɕʰ ချင် [tɕʰɪ̀ɴ] chew[3]
θ သတ် [θaʔ] thin
w ဝါး [wá] wield
z ဇာ [zà] zoo
ʔ အုတ် [ʔouʔ] _uh-_oh[7]
Vowels
IPA Burmese examples Approximate English equivalent
a နား [ná] father
ai နိုင် [nàiɴ] might
au နောက် [nauʔ] mouth[8]
e နေ [nè] Scottish English mate
ei နိပ် [neiʔ] may[8]
ɛ နယ် [nɛ̀] met
ə ခလုတ် [kʰəlouʔ] comma
i နီး [ní] meet
ɪ နင်း [nɪ́ɴ] mit[8]
o နို့ [n] Scottish English note
ou နုန်း [nóuɴ] mow[8]
ɔ နော် [nɔ̀] bought
u နှူး [n̥ú] moot
ʊ နွမ်း [nʊ́ɴ] foot[8]
Tones
IPA Burmese examples Explanation
` ငါ [ŋà] Normal phonation, medium duration, low intensity, low (often slightly rising) pitch
´ ငါး [ŋá] Sometimes slightly breathy, relatively long, high intensity, high pitch; often with a fall before a pause
˷ ငါ့ [ŋa̰] Tense or creaky phonation (sometimes with lax glottal stop), medium duration, high intensity, high (often slightly falling) pitch

Notes[संपादित करें]

साँचा:Burmese characters

  1. An allophone of /θ/, not a distinct phoneme.
  2. Unaspirated, like /p t k/ etc. in Romance or Slavic languages.
  3. Heavily aspirated.
  4. The vowel before the /ɴ/ is always nasalized, and if a consonant follows /ɴ/, then the /ɴ/ becomes homorganic with the following consonant.
  5. A marginal consonant in Burmese, /ɹ/ occurs only in foreign words, and even there is often replaced by /j/ or /l/.
  6. Much shorter than the English /s/ in Sue.
  7. The glottal stop, which may also be heard instead of /t/ in some varieties of English in words like button [ˈbʌʔn̩].
  8. The sounds [au], [ei], [ɪ], [ou], and [ʊ] are allophones of /ɔ/, /e/, /i/, /o/, and /u/ respectively, occurring in closed syllables, i.e. before /ɴ/ and /ʔ/.