विकिपीडिया:IPA for Basque

मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Basque language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Basque language#Phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Basque.

IPA Examples English approximation
b bat best
β alaba[1] between baby and bevy
c kuttun roughly like Tuesday in RP
d doa dead
ð adar[1] this
f foru face
ɡ gauak got
ɣ hego[1] between go and ahold
h hamar[2] hot
ɟ onddo roughly like due in RP
k ke scan
l lagun lean
ʎ zailenak roughly like million
m maixu mother
n naharo need
ɲ ikurrina roughly like canyon
p piztu spouse
r urre trilled r
ɾ zauri ladder in American English
uso sack[3]
ʃ xehe shine
t talde stand
ts̺ urretsu cats[3]
ts̻ aitzin
tximist choice
x; j jakintsu[4] loch
IPA Examples English approximation
a gela father
e eder bed
i nire see
o aho bore
u hiru food
y hirü roughly like cute (Souletin)
ai bai eye
oi doinu boy
ei leiho ray
au hau house
eu euri eh-oo or ey-oo
IPA Examples English approximant
. gauak [gau.ak] moai

Notes[संपादित करें]

  1. Lenition of /b d g/ occurs in regular speech in most Southern Basque dialects. साँचा:Harvcoltxt.
  2. Silent in Southern Basque dialects.
  3. Basque contrasts two consonants that sound similar to the /s/ of Englishː /s̺/, which is apical, and /s̻/, which is laminal. Similarly, /ts̺/ and /ts̻/ are contrasted in the same way.
  4. /x/ is frequently heard due to its prevalence in Gipuzkoan but the realisation of the grapheme j varies depending on dialect and includes [j, ʝ, ɟ, ʒ, ʃ, x, χ]. The last, which resembles Scottish English loch, is typical of Gipuzkoan and the dialect of Gernika.

References[संपादित करें]

  • Trask, Larry (1997), The History of Basque, Routledge, आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 0-415-13116-2
  • Hualde, J. (1991), Basque Phonology, Routledge, आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 0-415-05655-1

See also[संपादित करें]