मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
(साँचा:IPA से अनुप्रेषित)
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साँचा:Language templates

This template ensures proper display of a transcription in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). It can also automatically provide a label indicating the language being transcribed and link to an explanatory guide. Its behavior changes drastically depending on whether more than one unnamed parameter is given. For broad transcriptions of English, use {{IPAc-en}} instead.

Usage[संपादित करें]

The behavior of this template changes drastically depending on whether more than one unnamed parameter is given.


Basic mode[संपादित करें]

The basic usage of this template is just to pass an IPA transcription as the first argument, as in:


Which might not look different from just the transcription without the template (/ˌlɔːrəm ˈɪpsəm/), but it actually outputs:

<span class="IPA nowrap" lang="und-Latn-fonipa" title="Representation in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)">/ˌlɔːrəm<span class="wrap"> </span>ˈɪpsəm/</span>

That is, it adds

  • the IPA class, allowing registered users to assign a typeface of their choice (see Help:IPA § Rendering issues for how);
  • an IETF language tag indicating IPA as the writing system (see Template:Lang § Rationale for more);
  • a title attribute, which appears as a tooltip when the mouse hovers over the transcription;
  • the nowrap class, preventing line wrapping at inappropriate places like after / or ˌ;
  • the wrap class to whitespace characters, allowing wrapping to occur at appropriate places.

All IPA text should be placed in the template, even if it consists entirely of ASCII characters, as in {{IPA|/mi/}}. This allows users to format all examples of IPA text consistently, and software like screen readers to interpret them accurately. If a substantial portion of a page uses IPA, post notice of that fact with {{IPA notice}}.

Issue with linking[संपादित करें]

If the template is inside a wikilink, the link may not display correctly in certain namespaces (including the mainspace):

ऐसा लिखें ऐसा दिखायी देगा
[[Lorem ipsum|{{IPA|/ˌlɔːrəm ˈɪpsəm/}}]]

[[Lorem ipsum|/ˌlɔːrəm ˈɪpsəm/]]

This is because the template by default inserts a category. To prevent it, add |cat=no, as in:


Optional parameters[संपादित करें]

IETF language tag (e.g. ar, pt-BR) to be followed by -Latn-fonipa, replacing und (undetermined).
Replaces the default tooltip "Representation in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)". Leaving it blank means no tooltip.

Guide-linking mode[संपादित करें]

If more than one unnamed parameter is given, the first one is recognized as a language code and the second as the transcription. The transcription is automatically linked to one of the language-specific keys if a corresponding one exists, or to Help:IPA if not, and preceded by a label with the name of the language, as in {{lang-xx}}. Unlike in the basic mode, brackets are automatically added so need not be included in the input.


Notice the transcriptions are linked to language-specific keys in the first two examples, and to the generic guide in the rest. The language name and article link are automatically taken from Module:Language by passing the language tag, unless overridden in Module:IPA/data.

The behavior in this mode mimics {{IPA-xx}} templates that were created for a number of languages. {{IPA}} consolidates those templates for better maintenance and consistency, and is now the recommended template.

Parameters[संपादित करें]

First unnamed parameter
IETF language tag (e.g. ar, pt-BR). See Template:Lang for more.
Second unnamed parameter
Transcription, without brackets.
Third unnamed parameter
Label code. Leave it blank to have no label at all. The label "[language name] pronunciation:" is used if the input is not empty but none of the below.
  • lang: "[language name]:"
  • ipa: "IPA:"
  • pron: "pronounced"
  • also: "also"
  • alsolang: "also [language name]:"
  • langalso: "[language name] also"
  • local: "locally"
  • localpron: "local pronunciation:"
Fourth unnamed parameter
Name of an audio file to accompany the transcription.
Text that precedes the transcription. Takes precedence over the third unnamed parameter.
If set to yes, the language name in the label will be linked to the article about the language.
If set to no, the label appears in the same size as the surrounding text. Be sure to use this where the text is already smaller, per MOS:SMALLTEXT (references, infoboxes, and navboxes are excluded by default).
If set to yes, the transcription is linked not to the language-specific key but to the generic Help:IPA. This is required if the transcription does not adhere to the conventions laid out in the language-specific key.

List of keys[संपादित करें]

These are defined in Module:IPA/data.

लुआ त्रुटि package.lua में पंक्ति 80 पर: module 'Module:IPA/data/export' not found।

Common parameters[संपादित करें]

These parameters can be used in either mode.

Name of an audio file to accompany the transcription. Takes precedence over the fourth unnamed parameter.
If set to none, wrapping is prevented for the entire transcription (i.e. the wrap class is not added to spaces). If set to all, no wrapping prevention takes place (i.e. the nowrap class is not added to the transcription).
HTML class(es) added to the span element containing the transcription.
If set to no, the page will not be categorized under Category:Pages with plain IPA (basic mode) or a language-specific subcategory of Category:Pages with IPA (guide-linking mode).

Tracking categories[संपादित करें]

These are added only in Module:Category handler's default namespaces. If |debug=yes is given, the categories that would be added are shown as links, no matter the namespace. This is for testcases only.

TemplateData[संपादित करें]

Conversion templates[संपादित करें]

Some language-specific templates allow you to enter ordinary letters (or conventional ASCII equivalents) in place of IPA characters, and convert them to the phonetic symbols used to transcribe the language.

Language Template Code example Result
Cantonese साँचा:Tldep {{IPAc-yue|h|ung|2|.|z|i|2}} साँचा:IPAc-yue
Hungarian साँचा:Tldep {{IPAc-hu|'|m|a|gy|a|r}} साँचा:IPAc-hu
Mandarin साँचा:Tldep {{IPAc-cmn|zh|ong|1|h|ua|2|-|r|en|2|m|in|2|-|g|ong|4|h|e|2|g|uo|2}} [[Help:IPA/Mandarin|[[[:साँचा:C-cmn]]साँचा:C-cmnसाँचा:C-cmnसाँचा:C-cmnसाँचा:C-cmnसाँचा:C-cmnसाँचा:C-cmnसाँचा:C-cmnसाँचा:C-cmnसाँचा:C-cmnसाँचा:C-cmnसाँचा:C-cmnसाँचा:C-cmnसाँचा:C-cmnसाँचा:C-cmnसाँचा:C-cmn]]]
Polish साँचा:Tldep {{IPAc-pl|'|sz|cz|e|ć|i|n}} साँचा:IPAc-pl

Some other conversion templates have also been created, but they haven't been vetted by the community and may not produce output complying with the respective keys.