इंटरनेट उच्चस्तरीय डोमेन की सूची

मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से

The following is a list of currently existing Internet Top-level domains (TLDs). See top-level domain for information on the concept.

While the following list should be correct, there is a more definitive list on the IANA website. (The IANA list does not include .root, which exists only via a second-level domain.)

iTLD Entity Notes
.arpa Address and Routing Parameter Area This is an internet infrastructure TLD.
.root N/A Diagnostic marker to indicate a root zone load was not truncated.
gTLD Entity Notes
.aero air-transport industry Must verify eligibility for registration; only those in various categories of air-travel-related entities may register.
.asia Asia-Pacific region This is a TLD for companies, organizations, and individuals based in the region of Asia, Australia, and the Pacific.
.biz business This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register; however, registrations may be challenged later if they are not by commercial entities in accordance with the domain's charter.
.cat Catalan This is a TLD for websites in the Catalan language or related to Catalan culture.
.com commercial This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register.
.coop cooperatives The .coop TLD is limited to cooperatives as defined by the Rochdale Principles.
.edu educational The .edu TLD is limited to institutions of learning (mostly U.S.), such as 2 and 4-year colleges and universities.
.gov governmental The .gov TLD is limited to U.S. governmental entities and agencies (commonly federal-level).
.info information This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register.
.int international organizations The .int TLD is strictly limited to organizations, offices, and programs which are endorsed by a treaty between two or more nations.
.jobs companies The .jobs TLD is designed to be added after the names of established companies with jobs to advertise. At this time, owners of a "company.jobs" domain are not permitted to post jobs of third party employers.
.mil United States Military The .mil TLD is limited to use by the U.S. military.
.mobi mobile devices Must be used for mobile-compatible sites in accordance with standards.
.museum museums Must be verified as a legitimate museum.
.name individuals, by name This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register; however, registrations may be challenged later if they are not by individuals (or the owners of fictional characters) in accordance with the domain's charter.
.net network This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register.
.org organization This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register.
.pro professions Currently, .pro is reserved for licensed doctors, attorneys, and certified public accountants only. A professional seeking to register a .pro domain must provide their registrar with the appropriate credentials.
.tel Internet communication services  
.travel travel and tourism industry related sites Must be verified as a legitimate travel-related entity.
ccTLD Country/dependency/region Notes
.ac Ascension Island  
.ad Andorra  
.ae United Arab Emirates  
.af Afghanistan  
.ag Antigua and Barbuda  
.ai Anguilla  
.al Albania  
.am Armenia  
.an Netherlands Antilles  
.ao Angola  
.aq Antarctica Defined as per the Antarctic Treaty as everything south of latitude 60°S.
.ar Argentina  
.as American Samoa  
.at Austria  
.au Australia Includes Ashmore and Cartier Islands and Coral Sea Islands.
.aw Aruba  
.ax Åland  
.az Azerbaijan  
.ba Bosnia and Herzegovina  
.bb Barbados  
.bd Bangladesh  
.be Belgium  
.bf Burkina Faso  
.bg Bulgaria  
.bh Bahrain  
.bi Burundi  
.bj Benin  
.bm Bermuda  
.bn Brunei Darussalam  
.bo Bolivia  
.br Brazil  
.bs Bahamas  
.bt Bhutan  
.bv Bouvet Island Not in use (Norwegian dependency; see .no).
.bw Botswana  
.by Belarus  
.bz Belize  
.ca Canada Subject to Canadian Presence Requirements (see .ca).
.cc Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australian territory: do not confuse with Cocos islands in Guam).
.cd Democratic Republic of the Congo Formerly Zaire.
.cf Central African Republic  
.cg Republic of the Congo  
.ch Switzerland (Confoederatio Helvetica, Confédération helvétique)
.ci Côte d'Ivoire  
.ck Cook Islands  
.cl Chile Only available for Chile registered brands and companies.
.cm Cameroon A local entity/company in Cameroon is required to register a domain name.
.cn China, mainland Mainland China only: Hong Kong and Macau use separate TLDs.
.co Colombia  
.cr Costa Rica  
.cu Cuba  
.cv Cape Verde  
.cx Christmas Island  
.cy Cyprus  
.cz Czech Republic  
.de Germany (Deutschland)
.dj Djibouti  
.dk Denmark  
.dm Dominica  
.do Dominican Republic  
.dz Algeria  
.ec Ecuador  
.ee Estonia Only available for Estonia registered brands and companies.
.eg Egypt  
.er Eritrea  
.es Spain (España)
.et Ethiopia  
.eu European Union Restricted to companies and individuals in the European Union (or in other overseas or autonomous regions of member countries).
.fi Finland  
.fj Fiji  
.fk Falkland Islands  
.fm Federated States of Micronesia Used for some radio related websites outside Micronesia.
.fo Faroe Islands  
.fr France Can only be used by organisations or persons with a presence in France (including overseas).
.ga Gabon  
.gb United Kingdom Seldom used; the primary ccTLD used is .uk for United Kingdom.
.gd Grenada  
.ge Georgia  
.gf French Guiana (See also .fr).
.gg Guernsey  
.gh Ghana  
.gi Gibraltar  
.gl Greenland  
.gm The Gambia  
.gn Guinea  
.gp Guadeloupe Still used for Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin (see also .fr).
.gq Equatorial Guinea  
.gr Greece  
.gs South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands  
.gt Guatemala  
.gu Guam  
.gw Guinea-Bissau  
.gy Guyana  
.hk Hong Kong Special administrative region of the People's Republic of China.
.hm Heard Island and McDonald Islands  
.hn Honduras  
.hr Croatia (Hrvatska)
.ht Haiti  
.hu Hungary  
.id Indonesia  
.ie Ireland (Éire) Only available for Ireland registered brands and companies. Foreign companies can register if doing business in Ireland or provide TM.
.il Israel  
.im Isle of Man  
.in India Under INRegistry since April 2005 (except: gov.in, mil.in, ac.in, edu.in, res.in).
.io British Indian Ocean Territory  
.iq Iraq  
.ir Iran  
.is Iceland (Ísland)
.it Italy Restricted to companies and individuals in the European Union.
.je Jersey  
.jm Jamaica  
.jo Jordan  
.jp Japan  
.ke Kenya  
.kg Kyrgyzstan  
.kh Cambodia (Khmer, former Kâmpŭchea)
.ki Kiribati  
.km Comoros  
.kn Saint Kitts and Nevis  
.kp North Korea  
.kr South Korea  
.kw Kuwait  
.ky Cayman Islands  
.kz Kazakhstan  
.la Laos (Currently being marketed as the unofficial domain for Los Angeles).
.lb Lebanon  
.lc Saint Lucia  
.li Liechtenstein  
.lk Sri Lanka  
.lr Liberia  
.ls Lesotho  
.lt Lithuania  
.lu Luxembourg  
.lv Latvia  
.ly Libya  
.ma Morocco  
.mc Monaco  
.md Moldova  
.me Montenegro Active, but not accepting registrations yet (see also .yu still in use).
.mg Madagascar  
.mh Marshall Islands  
.mk Republic of Macedonia  
.ml Mali  
.mm Myanmar  
.mn Mongolia  
.mo Macau Special administrative region of the People's Republic of China.
.mp Northern Mariana Islands  
.mq Martinique (See also .fr).
.mr Mauritania  
.ms Montserrat  
.mt Malta  
.mu Mauritius  
.mv Maldives  
.mw Malawi  
.mx Mexico  
.my Malaysia Must be registered with a company in Malaysia to register (currently famous for the literal word 'my').
.mz Mozambique  
.na Namibia  
.nc New Caledonia (See also .fr).
.ne Niger  
.nf Norfolk Island  
.ng Nigeria  
.ni Nicaragua  
.nl Netherlands  
.no Norway Must be registered with a company in Norway to register.
.np Nepal  
.nr Nauru  
.nu Niue Commonly used by Danish, Dutch and Swedish websites, because in those languages 'nu' means “now”.
.nz New Zealand  
.om Oman  
.pa Panama  
.pe Peru  
.pf French Polynesia With Clipperton Island (See also .fr).
.pg Papua New Guinea  
.ph Philippines  
.pk Pakistan  
.pl Poland  
.pm Saint-Pierre and Miquelon  
.pn Pitcairn Islands  
.pr Puerto Rico  
.ps Palestinian territories PA-controlled West Bank and Gaza Strip.
.pt Portugal Only available for Portuguese registered brands and companies.
.pw Palau  
.py Paraguay  
.qa Qatar  
.re Réunion (See also .fr)
.ro Romania  
.rs Serbia (See also former .yu still in use).
.ru Russia (See also former .su still in use).
.rw Rwanda  
.sa Saudi Arabia  
.sb Solomon Islands  
.sc Seychelles  
.sd Sudan  
.se Sweden  
.sg Singapore  
.sh Saint Helena  
.si Slovenia  
.sj Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Not in use (Norwegian dependencies; see .no).
.sk Slovakia  
.sl Sierra Leone  
.sm San Marino  
.sn Senegal  
.so Somalia  
.sr Suriname  
.st São Tomé and Príncipe  
.su former Soviet Union Still in use.
.sv El Salvador  
.sy Syria  
.sz Swaziland  
.tc Turks and Caicos Islands  
.td Chad  
.tf French Southern and Antarctic Lands Seldom used (see also .fr).
.tg Togo  
.th Thailand  
.tj Tajikistan  
.tk Tokelau Also used as a free domain service to the public.
.tl East Timor Old code .tp is still in use.
.tm Turkmenistan  
.tn Tunisia  
.to Tonga  
.tp East Timor ISO code has changed to TL; .tl is now assigned but .tp is still in use.
.tr Turkey  
.tt Trinidad and Tobago  
.tv Tuvalu Much used by television broadcasters. Also sold as advertising domains.
.tw Taiwan, Republic of China Used in the Republic of China, namely Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu.
.tz Tanzania  
.ua Ukraine  
.ug Uganda  
.uk United Kingdom  
.um United States Minor Outlying Islands  
.us United States of America (Commonly used by U.S. State and local governments instead of .gov TLD).
.uy Uruguay  
.uz Uzbekistan  
.va Vatican City State  
.vc Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  
.ve Venezuela  
.vg British Virgin Islands  
.vi U.S. Virgin Islands  
.vn Vietnam  
.vu Vanuatu  
.wf Wallis and Futuna (See also .fr).
.ws Samoa Formerly Western Samoa.
.ye Yemen  
.yt Mayotte (See also .fr).
.yu Yugoslavia Now used for Serbia and Montenegro.
.za South Africa (Zuid-Afrika).
.zm Zambia  
.zw Zimbabwe  
IDNA TLD[1] Language Word
.xn--0zwm56d simplified Chinese (Han script) 测试. (ICANN’s example.test: https://web.archive.org/web/20130530041350/http://xn--fsqu00a.xn--0zwm56d/)
.xn--11b5bs3a9aj6g Hindi (Devanagari script) परीक्षा. (ICANN’s example.test: https://web.archive.org/web/20131010102249/http://xn--p1b6ci4b4b3a.xn--11b5bs3a9aj6g/)
.xn--80akhbyknj4f Russian (Cyrillic script) испытание. (ICANN’s example.test: http://пример.испытание/ Archived 2012-12-05 at archive.today)
.xn--9t4b11yi5a Korean (Hangul script) 테스트. (ICANN’s example.test: https://web.archive.org/web/20131009201036/http://xn--9n2bp8q.xn--9t4b11yi5a/)
.xn--deba0ad Yiddish (Hebrew script) טעסט. (ICANN’s example.test: https://web.archive.org/web/20111002054014/http://xn--fdbk5d8ap9b8a8d.xn--deba0ad/)
.xn--g6w251d traditional Chinese (Han script) 測試. (ICANN’s example.test: http://例子.測試/ Archived 2012-12-24 at archive.today)
.xn--hgbk6aj7f53bba Persian (Arabic script) آزمایشی. (ICANN’s example.test: http://مثال.آزمایشی/ Archived 2012-12-24 at archive.today)
.xn--hlcj6aya9esc7a Tamil (Tamil script) பரிட்சை. (ICANN’s example.test: https://web.archive.org/web/20130618235538/http://xn--zkc6cc5bi7f6e.xn--hlcj6aya9esc7a/)
.xn--jxalpdlp Greek (Greek script) δοκιμή. (ICANN’s example.test: https://web.archive.org/web/20130323103917/http://xn--hxajbheg2az3al.xn--jxalpdlp/)
.xn--kgbechtv Arabic (Arabic script) إختبار. (ICANN’s example.test: http://مثال.إختبار/ Archived 2012-12-24 at archive.today)
.xn--zckzah Japanese (Kanji, Hiragana, Katakana scripts) テスト. (ICANN’s example.test : http://例え.テスト/[मृत कड़ियाँ])
  1. The IDNA TLDs have been added for the purpose of testing the use of IDNA at the top level, and are likely to be temporary. Each of the eleven TLDs encodes a word meaning "test" in some language. See the ICANN announcement of 15 अक्टूबर 2007 Archived 2008-02-16 at the वेबैक मशीन and the IDN TLD evaluation gateway Archived 2008-05-27 at the वेबैक मशीन.

See also[संपादित करें]

External links[संपादित करें]