शिक्षक दिवस

मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
यहाँ जाएँ: भ्रमण, खोज

विश्व के कुछ देशों में शिक्षकों (गुरुओं) को विशेष सम्मान देने के लिये शिक्षक दिवस का आयोजन होता है। कुछ देशों में छुट्टी रहती है जबकि कुछ देश इस दिन कार्य करते हुए मनाते हैं।

भारत के भूतपूर्व राष्ट्रपति डॉ सर्वपल्ली राधाकृष्णन का जन्मदिन (५ सितंबर) भारत में शिक्षक दिवस के रूप में मनाया जाता है।


देश और उनके शिक्षक दिवस[संपादित करें]

देश नाम तिथि (Date) टिप्पणी
अर्जेन्टीना ११ सितम्बर डोमिंगो फास्टिनो सार्मिएन्टो की मृत्यु का दिन
अल्बानिया शिक्षक दिवस् ७ मार्च सन १८६७ में अल्बानी भाषा में पाठन करने वाला प्रथम स्कूल खुला था।
ऑस्ट्रेलिया World Teachers’ Day अक्टूबर मास की अंतिम शुक्रवार[1]
ब्राज़ील Docente Dia १५ अक्टूबर In 1947, teachers from a small school in साओ पाउलो organized the first celebration of Teachers' Day on this day. The date was chosen because, on October 15, 1827, पेड्रो १ approved a decree regulating the elementary schools in Brazil. The celebration gained popularity throughout the country, and October 15 was officially designated Teachers' Day in 1963.[2]
चिली Día del Profesor १६ अक्टूबर In 1974, the date chosen to celebrate Teachers' Day was December 10, because on that day, in the year 1945, the Chilean poet गब्रिएला मिस्ट्राल received the नोबेल पुरस्कार. But in 1977, the date was changed to October 16, because of the foundation of the Colegio de Profesores de Chile (Teachers' College of Chile).[3]
चीन (PRC) १० सितम्बर Usually there are some activities for the students to show their appreciation to the teachers, such as presenting the gifts including cards and flowers.
चेक गणराज्य Den učitelů २८ मार्च Normally there are no special parties or activities for this day, but the teachers sometimes do give presents to each other.
इक्वाडोर १३ अप्रैल
अल साल्वाडोर २२ जून Observed as a national holiday.[4][5]
हांग कांग १२ सितम्बर Before हांग कांग का हस्तांतरण, Teachers' day was on २८ सितम्बर, which followed the tradition from चीन since 1950s. After the sovereignty was transferred to चीन in 1997, the day changed to September 10, which is the same as PRC's one.
हंगरी Teacher's Day First Saturday of June
भारत शिक्षक दिवस ५ सितम्बर भारत के भूतपूर्व राष्ट्रपति डॉ सर्वपल्ली राधाकृष्णन का जन्मदिन (५ सितंबर) भारत में शिक्षक दिवस के रूप में मनाया जाता है।
इंडोनेशिया Hari Guru २५ नवम्बर
ईरान २ मई (ईरानी पञ्चांग में Ordibehesht 12) Commemorating the martyrdom of मोरतेज़ा मोतहरी on May 2, 1979.
मलेशिया Hari Guru १६ मई This date was chosen because in the same month in 1956, the Federal Legislative Council of the Malay States had received several suggestions (documents) from the Education Committee regarding Teachers' Day as the base of education in Malaysia. The document, known as the Razak Report, has become the foundation of education in Malaysia ever since. Although it is not an official school holiday, celebrations are usually held on May 16, or earlier, if it falls on a Saturday or Sunday.
मेक्सिको Día del Maestro १५ मई
मंगोलिया Багш нарийн баярын өдөр (Teacher's day) First weekend of February
पाकिस्तान शिक्षक दिवस ५ अक्टूबर It recognizes the importance of teachers and attributes progress to the quality of teachers in Pakistan's Educational System.
पेरू Día del Maestro ६ जुलाई During the पेरू स्वतंत्रता संग्राम, लिबरटाडोर जोसे डे सन मार्टिन founded the first नौर्मल स्कूल by means of a resolution passed by जोसे बर्नार्डो दे ताग्ले on ६ जुलाई, १८२२.

Many years later, on 1953, the then president मैनुएल ए ऑड्रिया decreed Teachers' Day to be commemorated on the 6 of July.[6]

फ़िलीपीन्स ५ अक्टूबर By Presidential Proclamation No. 479[7] to honor more than 500,000 teachers nationwide. However, (फ़िलिपीनो भाषा:Araw ng mga Guro) in the फ़िलीपीन्स (Teacher's Day) is actually celebrated in schools between the months of September and October (mainly elementary and secondary levels). Teachers are presented with orchid corsages by students. Groups of students representing various grade levels perform short skits or song and dance numbers, or read poetry for their teachers in front of fellow schoolmates in school-wide activities. These activities are planned by senior students in the Student Council who coordinate the activities well in advance. For Filipino-Chinese schools, a program is usually organized by students for teachers on September 27, while September 28, considered as the actual Teacher's Day, is a school holiday where both teachers and students are allowed to rest. September 28 was chosen because it is known as the birthday of famous Chinese philosopher Confucius[8].

At the De La Salle, one of the biggest school system in the Philippines, Catholic Teachers' Day is celebrated on January 26, 2008. A web page was created where students and graduates can send their teachers notes of thanks.[9].

पोलैंड Dzień Nauczyciela १४ अक्टूबर
रूस День Преподавателя ५ अक्टूबर Between 1965 and 1994, the first Sunday of October. Since 1994, on October 5, to coincide with the World Teacher's Day (est. 1994 by यूनेस्को).
सिंगापुर १ सितम्बर An official school holiday. Celebrations are normally conducted the day before, when students get half a day off.
दक्षिण कोरिया 스승의 날 १५ मई since 1963 in Seoul and 1964 in Chunju city Originally it was started by a group of red-cross youth team members who visited their sick ex-teachers at hospitals. The national celebration ceremony had been stopped between 1973 and 1982 and it resumed after that. On the celebration day, teachers are usually presented with डायनथस कैरीओफ़िलस by their students, and both enjoy a shorter school day. Ex-students pay their respects to the former teachers by visiting them and handing a डायनथस कैरीओफ़िलस. Many schools now close on Teacher's Day because of the rampant bribery implicit in the expensive gifts often given to teachers. Schools can use the day to have an outing for the teachers.
ताइवान २८ सितम्बर The day honors teachers' virtues, pains, and also their contribution not only to their own students but also to the whole society. People often make use of the day to express their gratitude to their teachers, such as paying them a visit or sending them a card. This date was chosen to commemorate the birth of कॉंगफूशी, believed to be the model master educator in ancient China. In 1939, the Ministry of Education established the national holiday to be २७ अगस्त, the attributed birthday of कॉंगफूशी.

In 1952, the शासकीय यूआं changed it to September, stating that it was calculated to be the precise date in the ग्रेगोरी कैलंडर. The festival celebration occurs in the temples of Confucius around the island, known as the "Grand Ceremony Dedicated to Confucius" (祭孔大典). The ceremony begins at 6 AM with drum beats. 54 musicians dress in robes with blue belts, 36 (or 64) dancers dress in yellow with green belts. They are led by Confucius's chief descendant and followed by ceremonial officers. Three animals -- the cow, the goat, and the pig -- are sacrificed. The hairs plucked from these sacrificed animals are called the Hairs of Wisdom. In addition, local education institutes and civil offices award certain teachers for their excellence and positive influence.

थाईलैंड วันครู १६ जनवरी Adopted as Teachers' Day in the थाईलैंड by a resolution of the government on २१ नवम्बर, १९५६. The first Teachers' Day was held in 1957.
तुर्की Öğretmenler Günü २४ नवम्बर [[कमाल अतातुर्क] thought and stated that new generation will be created by teachers. Atatürk was also considered as Prime Teacher (तुर्की भाषा:Başöğretmen), because he adopted a new alphabet for the newly founded Turkish Republic on 1923.
संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका National Teacher Day is ६ मई

during Teacher Appreciation Week, which takes place in the first full week of May

Students often show appreciation for their teachers with token gifts. The राष्ट्रीय शिक्षा संघ describes National Teacher Day as "a day for honoring teachers and recognizing the lasting contributions they make to our lives".[10]

The NEA gives a history of National Teacher Day:[11] The origins of Teacher Day are murky. Around 1944 Wisconsin teacher Ryan Krug began corresponding with political and education leaders about the need for a national day to honor teachers. Woodbridge wrote to एलिनोर रूज़वेल्ट who in 1953 persuaded the 81st Congress to proclaim a National Teacher Day. NEA along with its Kansas and Indiana state affiliates and the Dodge City (Kan.) local lobbied Congress to create a national day celebrating teachers. Congress declared ७ मार्च, १९८०, as National Teacher Day for that year only. NEA and its affiliates continued to observe Teacher Day on the first Tuesday in March until 1985, when the National PTA established Teacher Appreciation Week as the first full week of May. The NEA Representative Assembly then voted to make the Tuesday of that week National Teacher Day.

As of ७ सितम्बर, १९७६, ११ सितम्बर was also adopted as Teachers' Day in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. Currently, Massachusetts sets the first Sunday of June as its own Teachers’ Day, annually.

वियतनाम Ngày nhà giáo Việt Nam २० नवम्बर This holiday allows students to express their respect to their teacher. Students begin preparing a week in advance, and many classes usually prepare literature and art to welcome teacher’s day, while other student prepare foods and flowers for the parties held at their schools. Students usually visit their teachers at their homes to offer flowers and small gifts, or organize trips with their teachers and classmates. Former students also pay respect to their former teachers on this day. The holiday has its origins in a meeting between educators in पूर्वी ब्लॉक nations in वारसा in 1957. It was first celebrated in 1958 as the Day of the International Manifest of Educators; in 1982 the day is renamed Vietnamese Educators' Day.

अन्य[संपादित करें]

ओमान, सीरिया, मिश्र, लीबिया, कतर, बहरीन, संयुक्त अरब अमीरात, यमन, टुनिशिया, जार्डन, सउदी अरब, अल्जीरिया, मोरक्को और अन्य इस्लामी देशों में २८ फरवरी को शिक्षक दिवस के रूप में मनाया जाता है।

इन्हें भी देखें[संपादित करें]


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शिक्षक दिवस

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