मॉरीशस के विदेशी सम्बन्ध

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मॉरीशस

अंतरराष्ट्रीय विवाद[संपादित करें]

द्विपक्षीय सम्बन्ध[संपादित करें]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Armenia 28 June 2013
  • Diplomatic relations between Mauritius and Armenia were established on June 28, 2013.[1]
 Australia
  • Australia has a high commission in Port Louis.
  • Mauritius has a high commission in Canberra.
 Bangladesh 1972 See Bangladesh–Mauritius relations

Bangladesh and Mauritius share a common heritage in culture and politics. Diplomatic relations were established in 1972, soon after the achievement of Bangladeshi independence. Both nations have rapidly growing trade ties and increasing investment and financial linkages. Bangladesh has a High Commission in Port Louis. The two countries are common members of the Indian Ocean Rim Association and the Commonwealth of Nations.

  • Bangladesh has a high commission in Port Louis.
  • Mauritius is accredited to Bangladesh from its high commission in New Delhi, India.
 Brazil 1974
  • Brazil is accredited to Mauritius from its embassy in Pretoria, South Africa.
  • Mauritius is accredited to Brazil from its embassy Washington, D.C., United States.
 Canada 1967

Canada and Mauritius established diplomatic relations in 1967.[2] Both countries are members of the Commonwealth of Nations and La Francophonie.

  • Canada is accredited to Mauritius from its high commission in Pretoria, South Africa and maintains an honorary consulate in Port Louis.
  • Mauritius is accredited to Canada from its embassy in Washington, D.C., United States.
 China See China–Mauritius relations

Under the President of the People's Republic of China Hu Jintao in 2010, an investment package of $750m was allocated to Mauritius to develop the Jinfei Special Economic Zone which consists of 211 हेक्टेयर (521 एकड़) of land. Buildings of infrastructure and services primarily serving interests of Chinese companies operating the African region but would also eventually open up to foreign parties. The proposed investment package also includes development of advance logistic operations in Mauritius, construction of a university and an oceanographic research centre.[3] This investment package is Mauritius' largest single foreign direct investment ever.[4]

 Croatia 30 September 1997

Both countries established diplomatic relations on September 30, 1997.[5][6]

 Cyprus
  • Both countries are members of the Commonwealth of Nations
  • List of bilateral agreements.[7]
  • Cyprus is accredited to Mauritius from its High Commission in Pretoria, South Africa.
  • Mauritius is accredited to Cyprus from its embassy in Brussels, Belgium.
 Ethiopia
  • Ethiopia is accredited to Mauritius from its embassy in Harare, Zimbabwe.
  • Mauritius has an embassy in Addis Ababa.
 Finland See Finland–Mauritius relations
 France See France–Mauritius relations

France has remained one of its biggest trading partners; in addition, the two countries share close cultural ties in language, media and literature.

  • France has an embassy in Port Louis.
  • Mauritius has an embassy in Paris.
  • Both nations are members of La Francophonie.
 Georgia March 2011

Both countries established diplomatic relations in March 2011.[8][9]

 Germany
  • Germany is accredited to Mauritius from its embassy in Antananarivo, Madagascar.
  • Mauritius has an embassy in Berlin.
 Greece
  • Greece is accredited to Mauritius from its embassy in Nairobi, Kenya.[10]
  • Mauritius is accredited to Greece from its embassy in Brussels, Belgium.
 Guyana 1 December 1992
  • Mauritius is accredited to Guyana from its embassy in Washington, D.C., United States.
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on December 1, 1992.
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
 India See Mauritius–India relations

India and Mauritius established diplomatic relations in 1948. India has remained one of its biggest trading partners; in addition India has deep social and historical links with a large portion of the population of Mauritius, India is the country's second largest source of foreign assistance.[11]

 Israel

Both countries have signed many bilateral agreements.

 Kenya See Kenya–Mauritius relations
  • Kenya is accredited to Mauritius from its high commission in Pretoria, South Africa.
  • Mauritius is accredited to Kenya from its embassy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
 Lithuania 2011

Lithuania and Mauritius established diplomatic relations in 2011.[15]

 Madagascar
  • Madagascar has an embassy in Port Louis.
  • Mauritius has an embassy in Antananarivo.
 Malaysia See Malaysia–Mauritius relations

Both countries share strong common ground when it comes to culture. Both were governed by both Dutch and British rulers and gained their independence in the second half of the twentieth century. Both have got sizeable representations of Indian and Chinese ethnic groups. Of the 30,000 people of Chinese ancestry residing in Mauritius, the vast majority come from the Hakka and Cantonese provinces, both of which are well present among Malaysia's population of Chinese ancestry. In both countries, Islam, Hinduism and Christianity are represented by important communities. Thus, Malaysia's population consists of 60.4% Muslims, 6.4% of Hindus and 9.1% of Christians; the respective figures for Mauritius are 16.6%, 52% and 30%.

Mauritius has established a High Commission in Kuala Lumpur. Malaysia is not represented by a High Commission in Mauritius, the closest delegates being posted to Zimbabwe.[16] A Double Taxation Avoidance agreement exists between the two countries. Malaysian nationals do not require a visa to enter Mauritius, and Mauritian passport holders do not require a visa to enter Malaysia for tourism.

In recent years, the spectacular development experienced by Malaysia has seen a steady increase in the number of Mauritian visitors to the country. Official figures reveal that 2,320 Mauritian residents disembarked in Malaysia in 2010, a 27.8% increase on the previous year. While this is four times less than the number of Mauritians travelling to Singapore, the trend remains highly positive. In the other direction, 1,438 Malaysian tourists visited Mauritius in 2010, which represents a 23.5% rise on 2009 figures. Most of these tourists arrived during the months of May (143 visitors), June (118), September (188), November (179) and December (172).

Another recent trend has been that of Mauritian youngsters going to Malaysia for higher studies, encouraged by the affordable fees and quality of life. In 2010, 80 Mauritians travelled to Malaysia for this purpose, an eight-fold increase on 2009. An estimated 300 Mauritians were enrolled for tertiary education in Malaysia as at December 2010.[कृपया उद्धरण जोड़ें]

  • Malaysia is accredited to Mauritius from its embassy in Harare, Zimbabwe.
  • Mauritius has a high commission in Kuala Lumpur.
 Mexico 30 July 1976
  • Mauritius is accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington, D.C., United States.
  • Mexico is accredited to Mauritius from its embassy in Pretoria, South Africa and maintains an honorary consulate in Port Louis.
 Pakistan 1969 See Mauritius–Pakistan relations

Relations between Pakistan and Mauritius were first established in 1969. On November 30, 2007, the two countries signed a bilateral Preferential Trade Agreement.[17]

  • Mauritius has a High Commission in Islamabad.
  • Pakistan has a High Commission in Port Louis.
 Romania 30 July 1976

Both countries established diplomatic relations on July 30, 1976.[18]

 Russia 17 March 1968 See Mauritius–Russia relations

The Soviet Union and Mauritius established diplomatic relations on March 17, 1968.[19] The Russian Federation has an embassy in Floreal, Mauritius, and Mauritius has an embassy in Moscow, which was opened in July 2003.[20]

  • Mauritius has an embassy in Moscow.
  • Russia has an embassy in Port Louis.
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 2016

St. Kitts and Nevis and Mauritius established diplomatic relations in 2016.[21]

 Serbia 1969

Both countries have established diplomatic relations in 1969.[22]

 Seychelles
  • Mauritius has an honorary consulate in Victoria.
  • Seychelles has an honorary consulate in Port Louis.
 South Africa See Mauritius–South Africa relations

Relations between South Africa and Mauritius were established in 1992 with the establishing of Representative Offices in both countries. Full diplomatic relations were established in 1994. Upon South Africa's return to the Commonwealth, relations have been conducted at the level of High Commission. There is no visa requirements for South Africans visiting Mauritius.

  • Mauritius has a high commission in Pretoria.
  • South Africa has a high commission Port Louis.
 South Korea 3 July 1971

Mauritius and the Republic of Korea established Diplomatic Relations on July 3, 1971.[23]

  • Mauritius is accredited to South Korea from its embassy in Beijing, China.
  • South Korea is accredited to Mauritius from its embassy in Nairobi, Kenya.
 Spain 1979 See Mauritius–Spain relations
  • Mauritius is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Paris, France.
  • Spain is accredited to Mauritius from its embassy in Pretoria, South Africa.
  Switzerland
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1968. Both countries are full members of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie.
  • Mauritius has an embassy in Geneva.
  • Switzerland is accredited to Mauritius from its embassy in Pretoria, South Africa.
 Turkey 1968[24] See Mauritius–Turkey relations
 United Kingdom
  • Mauritius has a high commission in London.
  • United Kingdom has a high commission in Port Louis.
 United States See Mauritius–United States relations
George W. Bush and Mauritian Prime Minister Anerood Jugnauth. Oval Office, June 26, 2003.

Official U.S. representation in Mauritius dates from the end of the 18th century. An American consulate was established in 1794 and was closed in 1911. It was reopened in 1967 and elevated to embassy status upon Mauritius' independence in 1968. Since 1970, the mission has been directed by a resident U.S. ambassador. In 2002, Mauritius recalled its ambassador to the United Nations for not accurately conveying his government's pro-American stance in the Security Council debate.[26]

  • Mauritius has an embassy in Washington, D.C..
  • United States has an embassy in Port Louis.
 Vietnam 4 May 1994

Both countries established diplomatic relations on May 4, 1994.[27] Both countries are members of La Francophonie.

  • Mauritius is accredited to Vietnam from its high commission in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Vietnam is accredited to Mauritius from its embassy in Maputo, Mozambique.

अंतरराष्ट्रीय संगठन[संपादित करें]

मॉरीशस 1968 में स्वतन्त्रता के बाद से संयुक्त राष्ट्र और राष्ट्रमंडल का सदस्य देश रहा है।

यह विश्व व्यापार संगठन, ला फ्रैंकोफोनी, अफ्रीकी एकता संगठन, दक्षिणी अफ्रीका विकास समुदाय, हिंद महासागर आयोग, कोमेसा और हाल ही में गठित हिंद महासागर रिम एसोसिएशन का सदस्य है

यह भी देखें[संपादित करें]

  • मॉरीशस में राजनयिक मिशनों की सूची
  • मॉरीशस के राजनयिक मिशनों की सूची

सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

  1. "Bilateral Relations: Mauritius". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia. मूल से 31 दिसंबर 2015 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि January 16, 2017.
  2. "Canada–Mauritius Relations". Foreign Affairs Trade and Development Canada. Government of Canada. November 25, 2008. अभिगमन तिथि January 16, 2017.
  3. "China makes foray into Mauritius". Financial Times. London, England. January 25, 2010.
  4. Mandaro, Laura (June 29, 2010). "Tiny Mauritius lures China with talent, Africa know-how". MarketWatch. मूल से 30 अक्तूबर 2017 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि January 16, 2017.
  5. "MVEP • Date of Recognition and Establishment of Diplomatic Relations". www.mvep.hr. अभिगमन तिथि December 29, 2018.
  6. "MVEP • Overview of Bilateral Treaties of the Republic of Croatia by Country". www.mvep.hr. अभिगमन तिथि December 29, 2018.
  7. "Agreements between the Government of the Republic of Cyprus and the Government of the Republic of Mauritius" (PDF). Office of the Law Commissioner, Republic of Cyprus. 2001. मूल (PDF) से 18 जनवरी 2017 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि January 16, 2017.
  8. "Mauritius and Georgia established diplomatic relations". business.mega.mu. अभिगमन तिथि December 29, 2018.
  9. "Georgia and Republic of Mauritius established diplomatic relations - news- Georgian America". georgianamerica.com. अभिगमन तिथि December 29, 2018.
  10. "Mauritius". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Hellenic Republic. अभिगमन तिथि January 16, 2017.
  11. "Mauritius – Foreign Relations". Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress. अभिगमन तिथि January 16, 2017.
  12. "High Commission of India, Port Louis". Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India. अभिगमन तिथि 16 January 2017.
  13. "Mauritius High Commission in New Delhi". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Regional Integration and International Trade, Mauritius. मूल से March 5, 2016 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि January 16, 2017.
  14. "Consulate of the Republic of Mauritius in Mumbai". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Regional Integration and International Trade, Mauritius. मूल से May 21, 2016 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि January 16, 2017.
  15. "Mauritius - Bilateral cooperation". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania. अभिगमन तिथि January 16, 2017.
  16. "Mauritius High Commission, Kuala Lumpur". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Regional Integration and International Trade, Mauritius. मूल से January 4, 2014 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि January 16, 2017.
  17. "Pakistan and Mauritius sign Preferential Trade Agreement". Daily Times. Lahore, Pakistan. November 28, 2007. अभिगमन तिथि January 16, 2017.
  18. "Diplomatic Relations of Romania - Ministry of Foreign Affairs". www.mae.ro. अभिगमन तिथि December 29, 2018.
  19. Ginsburgs, George; Slusser, Robert M. (1981). A calendar of Soviet treaties, 1958–1973. BRILL. पृ॰ 846. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 90-286-0609-2. अभिगमन तिथि July 18, 2009.
  20. "Российско-маврикийские отношения". Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. February 16, 2009. अभिगमन तिथि July 20, 2009.
  21. "St. Kitts and Nevis and Mauritius Cement Diplomatic Relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, St. Kitts and Nevis. मूल से 20 जून 2018 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि January 16, 2017.
  22. "Bilateral Issues with Foreign Countries: Mauritius". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia. 2012. मूल से 4 जुलाई 2020 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि January 16, 2017.
  23. "Republic of Mauritius". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Korea. मूल से 4 सितंबर 2015 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि April 28, 2016.
  24. "Relations between Turkey and Mauritius". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey.
  25. "Relations between Turkey and Mauritius".
  26. Farley, Maggie (November 6, 2002). "Mauritius' Envoy to U.N. Gets the Boot for Not Toeing the Line". अभिगमन तिथि January 16, 2017.
  27. admin. "- General Information about Countries and Regions". www.mofa.gov.vn. अभिगमन तिथि December 29, 2018.