भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस से टूटे दल

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भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस भारत का सबसे प्रमुख राजनैतिक दल रहा हैं। १९४७ में जब से भारत आजाद हुआ हैं, भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस ने लगातार स्वयं के विभाजनों को और अपने से टूटे दलों को देखा हैं। कुछ टूटे संगठनों के स्वतंत्र पार्टियों के रूप में अच्छे आसार हैं, कुछ मृत बन गए हैं, जबकि कुछ दूसरों का मूल पार्टी या अन्य राजनीतिक पार्टियों के साथ विलय हो गया हैं।

टूटे दलों की सूची[संपादित करें]

वर्ष नया दल दल के नेता क्षेत्र वर्तमान स्थिति
1923 स्वराज पार्टी चित्तरंजन दास, मोतीलाल नेहरू बंगाल प्रेसिडेंसी मृत
भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस में मिल गया
1939 अखिल भारतीय फॉरवर्ड ब्लॉक[1] Sardul Singh Caveeshar
Sheel Bhadra Yagee
Subhas Chandra Bose
National active
1951 किसान मजदूर प्रजा पार्टी[2] Jivatram Kripalani Mysore state
Madras State
Delhi
Vindhya Pradesh
defunct
merged with Praja Socialist Party
1951 Hyderabad State Praja Party Tanguturi Prakasam
N. G. Ranga
Hyderabad State defunct
merged with Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party
1951 Saurashtra Khedut Sangh Narsinhbhai Dadhaniya
Ratibhai Ukabhai
Saurashtra State defunct
merged with Swatantra Party
1956 Indian National Democratic Congress[3] C. Rajagopalachari Madras State defunct
merged with Swatantra Party
1959 स्वतंत्र पार्टी[4] C. Rajagopalachari
N. G. Ranga
Bihar
Rajasthan
Gujarat
Orissa
defunct
merged with Bharatiya Kranti Dal in 1974
1964 Kerala Congress[5] K. M. George Kerala active as the original party has various factions , which have split off from it such as Kerala Congress (M), Kerala Congress (Jacob), Kerala Congress (B), Kerala Congress (Democratic), Kerala Congress (Skaria Thomas), Kerala Congress (Thomas), Kerala Congress (Nationalist)
1966 Orissa Jana Congress Harekrushna Mahatab Orissa defunct
merged with Janata Party
1967 भारतीय क्रांति दल[6] Charan Singh Uttar Pradesh defunct
merged with Janata Party
1967 बांग्ला कांग्रेस Ajoy Mukherjee West Bengal defunct
merged with Janata Party
1968 Manipur Peoples Party[7] Mohammed Alimuddin Manipur active
1969 Indian National Congress (R) Indira Gandhi National active
recognized as the INC by the Election Commission (EC) after the 1971 general election. The party was allowed to call itself the Indian National Congress without any suffix and the EC also restored the frozen Congress symbol of two bullocks to it..[8]
1969 Indian National Congress (Organisation)[9] K. Kamaraj
Morarji Desai
National defunct
merged with Janata Party
1969 Utkal Congress Biju Patnaik Orissa defunct
merged with Janata Party
1969 Telangana Praja Samithi Marri Chenna Reddy Andhra Pradesh defunct
merged with INC
1977 Congress for Democracy[10] Jagjivan Ram National defunct
merged with Janata party
1978 Indian National Congress (Indian) Indira Gandhi National Recognised by the Election Commission as the INC in 1983
1979 Indian National Congress (Urs) D. Devaraj Urs Karnataka
Kerala
Maharashtra
Goa
defunct
1980 Congress (A) A. K. Antony Kerala defunct
merged with INC
1981 Indian National Congress (Socialist)[11] Sharad Pawar Karnataka
Kerala
Maharashtra
Goa
defunct
merged with INC
1981 भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस (जगजीवन)[11][11] Jagjivan Ram Bihar defunct
1984 Indian Congress (Socialist) - Sarat Chandra Sinha[12] Sarat Chandra Sinha Assam defunct
merged with Nationalist Congress Party
1986 Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress Pranab Mukherjee West Bengal defunct
merged with INC
1988 Thamizhaga Munnetra Munnani[13] Sivaji Ganesan Tamil Nadu defunct
merged with Janata Dal
1990 हरियाणा विकास पार्टी बंशी लाल हरियाणा defunct
merged with INC
1994 भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस (तिवारी)[14] Narayan Datt Tiwari
Arjun Singh
Natwar Singh
Rangarajan Kumaramangalam
Uttar Pradesh defunct
merged with INC
1994 कर्नाटक कांग्रेस पार्टी Bangarappa Karnataka defunct
merged with INC
1994 Tamizhaga Rajiv Congress Vazhapadi Ramamurthy Tamil Nadu defunct
merged with INC
1996 कर्नाटक विकास पार्टी Bangarappa Karnataka defunct
merged with INC
1996 अरुणाचल कांग्रेस Gegong Apang Arunachal Pradesh defunct
merged with INC
1996 तमिल मनीला कांग्रेस[15] G. K. Moopanar Tamil Nadu active
left the alliance with INC
1996 मध्य प्रदेश विकास कांग्रेस माधवराव सिंधिया Madhya Pradesh defunct
merged with INC
1997 अखिल भारतीय तृणमूल कांग्रेस ममता बनर्जी पश्चिम बंगाल सक्रिय
left the alliance with INC
1997 Tamil Nadu Makkal Congress Vazhapadi Ramamurthy Tamil Nadu defunct
1997 Himachal Vikas Congress Sukh Ram Himachal Pradesh defunct
merged with INC
1997 Manipur State Congress Party[16] Wahengbam Nipamacha Singh Manipur defunct
merged with RJD
1998 Goa Rajiv Congress Party Francis de Souza Goa defunct
merged with Nationalist Congress Party
1998 Arunachal Congress (Mithi) Mukut Mithi Arunachal Pradesh defunct
merged with INC
1998 All India Indira Congress (Secular)[17] Sis Ram Ola Rajasthan defunct
merged with INC
1998 Maharashtra Vikas Aghadi[18] Suresh Kalmadi Maharashtra defunct
merged with INC
1999 Bharatiya Jan Congress Jagannath Mishra Bihar defunct
merged with Nationalist Congress Party
1999 Nationalist Congress Party Sharad Pawar
P.A. Sangma
Tariq Anwar
Maharashtra
Meghalaya
Bihar
Kerala
active
in alliance with INC. In Kerala NCP is a member of the CPIM led Left Democratic Front, opposing INC led UDF
1999 Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Mufti Mohammad Sayeed Jammu and Kashmir active
in alliance with INC.
2000 Goa People's Congress Francisco Sardinha Goa defunct
merged with INC
2001 Congress Jananayaka Peravai P. Chidambaram Tamil Nadu defunct
merged with INC
2001 Thondar Congress Kumari Ananthan Tamil Nadu defunct
merged with INC
2001 Pondicherry Makkal Congress P. Kannan Puducherry defunct
2002 Vidarbha Janata Congress Jambuwantrao Dhote Maharashtra active
2002 Indian National Congress (Sheik Hassan) Sheik Hassan Goa defunct
merged with Bharatiya Janata Party
2002 Gujarat Janata Congress Chhabildas Mehta Gujarat defunct
merged with NCP
2003 Congress (Dolo) Kameng Dolo Arunachal Pradesh defunct
merged with Bharatiya Janata Party
2003 Nagaland People's Front Neiphiu Rio Nagaland active
2005 Pondicherry Munnetra Congress P. Kannan Puducherry defunct
merged with INC
2005 Democratic Indira Congress (Karunakaran)[19] K. Karunakaran Kerala defunct
merged with Nationalist Congress Party and a large number of workers returned to the INC with K. Karunakaran later his son K. Muraleedharan also returned to INC
2007 Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) Kuldeep Bishnoi Haryana merged with INC
2008 Pragatisheel Indira Congress (PIC) Somendra Nath Mitra West Bengal defunct
merged with All India Trinamool Congress
2011 YSR Congress Party Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy Andhra Pradesh active
2011 All India N.R Congress N. Rangaswamy Puducherry active
2014 Jai Samaikyandhra Party Nallari Kiran Kumar Reddy Andhra pradesh defunct
merged with Indian National Congress
2014 Tamil Maanila Congress G. K. Vasan Tamil Nadu active
2016 छत्तीसगढ़ जनता कांग्रेस अजित जोगी Chhattisgarh active
All India Rajiv Krantikari Congress Surendra Pradhan Uttar Pradesh status unknown
भारतीय राजीव कांग्रेस status unknown

सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

  1. अशोक घोष, A Short History of the All India Forward Bloc. Kolkata: Bengal Lokmat Printers Pvt Ltd., 2001. p. 55
  2. Amit Mukherjee (2004-04-03). "The case of the missing socialists". Times of India. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-25.
  3. Bose, K.; Forward Bloc. Madras: 1988, Tamil Nadu Academy of Political Science. p. 94-95, 119, 175-184, 212
  4. Rajmohan Gandhi. "'Its tone being liberal as well as conservative, Swatantra reached out to moderate Hindus and non-Hindus in ways not available to the Jan Sangh'". Rediff. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-25.
  5. "P. T. Chacko, Pullolil".
  6. Wallace, Paul. India: The Dispersion of Political Power Paul Wallace, in Asian Survey, Vol. 8, No. 2, A Survey of Asia in 1967: Part II. (Feb., 1968), pp. 87-96.
  7. Ksh Kennedy Singh (2009-01-25). "The MPP and the People of Manipur". Manipuronline.com. मूल से May 13, 2008 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-25.
  8. Mukharjee, Aditya. "Congress and the Making of the Indian Nation". Academic Foundation, New Delhi. अभिगमन तिथि 17 May 2014.
  9. Chandra, Bipan & others (2000). India after Independence 1947-2000, New Delhi:Penguin Books, ISBN 0-14-027825-7, p.236
  10. G. G. Mirchandani (2003). 320 Million Judges. Abhinav Publications. पपृ॰ 90–100. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 81-7017-061-3.
  11. Andersen, Walter K.. India in 1981: Stronger Political Authority and Social Tension, published in Asian Survey, Vol. 22, No. 2, A Survey of Asia in 1981: Part II (Feb., 1982), pp. 119-135
  12. "Spotlight: Merger with NCP". The Tribune. 1999-06-11. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-25.
  13. Ashok Kumar (2006-04-05). "From MGR to Vijaykant, the film-politics nexus continues". Chennai, India: The Hindu. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-25.
  14. Bhavdeep Kang (2004-04-03). "A Sleight Of Hand". Outlook India. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-25.
  15. T.S. Subramanian (2001-09-15). "Crusading Congressman". The Hindu. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-25.
  16. Kalyan Chaudhuri (2002-02-02). "A fractured verdict in Manipur". The Hindu. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-27.
  17. "MEMBERS OF XII LOK SABHA". Parliament of India. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-27.
  18. "Pune set for triangular fight". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2004-04-05. अभिगमन तिथि 2010-11-12.
  19. "Karunakaran's party gets new name". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2005-09-01. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-25.

बाहरी कड़ियाँ[संपादित करें]