भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस से टूटे दल

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भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस भारत का सबसे प्रमुख राजनैतिक दल रहा हैं। 1947 में जब से भारत आजाद हुआ हैं, भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस ने लगातार स्वयं के विभाजनों को और अपने से टूटे दलों को देखा हैं। कुछ टूटे संगठनों के स्वतंत्र पार्टियों के रूप में अच्छे आसार हैं, कुछ मृत बन गए हैं, जबकि कुछ दूसरों का मूल पार्टी या अन्य राजनीतिक पार्टियों के साथ विलय हो गया हैं।

टूटे दलों की सूची[संपादित करें]

वर्ष नया दल दल के नेता क्षेत्र वर्तमान स्थिति
1923 स्वराज पार्टी चित्तरंजन दास, मोतीलाल नेहरू बंगाल प्रेसिडेंसी मृत
भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस में मिल गया
1939 अखिल भारतीय फॉरवर्ड ब्लॉक[1] Sardul Singh Caveeshar
Sheel Bhadra Yagee
Subhas Chandra Bose
National active
1951 किसान मजदूर प्रजा पार्टी[2] Jivatram Kripalani Mysore state
Madras State
Delhi
Vindhya Pradesh
defunct
merged with Praja Socialist Party
1951 Hyderabad State Praja Party Tanguturi Prakasam
N. G. Ranga
Hyderabad State defunct
merged with Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party
1951 Saurashtra Khedut Sangh Narsinhbhai Dadhaniya
Ratibhai Ukabhai
Saurashtra State defunct
merged with Swatantra Party
1956 Indian National Democratic Congress[3] C. Rajagopalachari Madras State defunct
merged with Swatantra Party
1959 स्वतंत्र पार्टी[4] C. Rajagopalachari
N. G. Ranga
Bihar
Rajasthan
Gujarat
Orissa
defunct
merged with Bharatiya Kranti Dal in 1974
1964 Kerala Congress[5] K. M. George Kerala active as the original party has various factions , which have split off from it such as Kerala Congress (M), Kerala Congress (Jacob), Kerala Congress (B), Kerala Congress (Democratic), Kerala Congress (Skaria Thomas), Kerala Congress (Thomas), Kerala Congress (Nationalist)
1966 Orissa Jana Congress Harekrushna Mahatab Orissa defunct
merged with Janata Party
1967 भारतीय क्रांति दल[6] Charan Singh Uttar Pradesh defunct
merged with Janata Party
1967 बांग्ला कांग्रेस Ajoy Mukherjee West Bengal defunct
merged with Janata Party
1968 Manipur Peoples Party[7] Mohammed Alimuddin Manipur active
1969 Indian National Congress (R) Indira Gandhi National active
recognized as the INC by the Election Commission (EC) after the 1971 general election. The party was allowed to call itself the Indian National Congress without any suffix and the EC also restored the frozen Congress symbol of two bullocks to it..[8]
1969 Indian National Congress (Organisation)[9] K. Kamaraj
Morarji Desai
National defunct
merged with Janata Party
1969 Utkal Congress Biju Patnaik Orissa defunct
merged with Janata Party
1969 Telangana Praja Samithi Marri Chenna Reddy Andhra Pradesh defunct
merged with INC
1977 Congress for Democracy[10] Jagjivan Ram National defunct
merged with Janata party
1978 Indian National Congress (Indian) Indira Gandhi National Recognised by the Election Commission as the INC in 1983
1979 Indian National Congress (Urs) D. Devaraj Urs Karnataka
Kerala
Maharashtra
Goa
defunct
1980 Congress (A) A. K. Antony Kerala defunct
merged with INC
1981 Indian National Congress (Socialist)[11] Sharad Pawar Karnataka
Kerala
Maharashtra
Goa
defunct
merged with INC
1981 भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस (जगजीवन)[11][11] Jagjivan Ram बिहार defunct
1984 Indian Congress (Socialist) - Sarat Chandra Sinha[12] Sarat Chandra Sinha Assam defunct
merged with Nationalist Congress Party
1986 Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress Pranab Mukherjee पश्चिम बंगाल defunct
merged with INC
1988 Thamizhaga Munnetra Munnani[13] Sivaji Ganesan तमिल नाडु defunct
merged with जनता दल
1990 हरियाणा विकास पार्टी बंशी लाल हरियाणा defunct
merged with INC
1994 भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस (तिवारी)[14] Narayan Datt Tiwari
Arjun Singh
Natwar Singh
Rangarajan Kumaramangalam
उत्तर प्रदेश defunct
merged with INC
1994 कर्नाटक कांग्रेस पार्टी Bangarappa कर्नाटक defunct
merged with INC
1994 Tamizhaga Rajiv Congress Vazhapadi Ramamurthy तमिल नाडु defunct
merged with INC
1996 कर्नाटक विकास पार्टी Bangarappa कर्नाटक defunct
merged with INC
1996 अरुणाचल कांग्रेस Gegong Apang अरुणाचल प्रदेश defunct
merged with INC
1996 तमिल मनीला कांग्रेस[15] G. K. Moopanar तमिल नाडु active
left the alliance with INC
1996 मध्य प्रदेश विकास कांग्रेस माधवराव सिंधिया मध्य प्रदेश defunct
merged with INC
1997 सर्वभारतीय तृणमूल कांग्रेस ममता बनर्जी पश्चिम बंगाल सक्रिय
left the alliance with INC
1997 Tamil Nadu Makkal Congress Vazhapadi Ramamurthy तमिल नाडु defunct
1997 Himachal Vikas Congress Sukh Ram हिमाचल प्रदेश defunct
merged with INC
1997 Manipur State Congress Party[16] Wahengbam Nipamacha Singh मणिपुर defunct
merged with RJD
1998 Goa Rajiv Congress Party Francis de Souza गोवा defunct
merged with Nationalist Congress Party
1998 Arunachal Congress (Mithi) Mukut Mithi अरुणाचल प्रदेश defunct
merged with INC
1998 All India Indira Congress (Secular)[17] Sis Ram Ola राजस्थान defunct
merged with INC
1998 Maharashtra Vikas Aghadi[18] Suresh Kalmadi महाराष्ट्र defunct
merged with INC
1999 Bharatiya Jan Congress Jagannath Mishra बिहार defunct
merged with Nationalist Congress Party
1999 राष्ट्रवादी कांग्रेस पार्टी शरद पवार
P.A. Sangma
तारिक अनवर
महाराष्ट्र
मेघालय
बिहार
केरल
active
in alliance with INC. In Kerala NCP is a member of the CPIM led Left Democratic Front, opposing INC led UDF
1999 Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Mufti Mohammad Sayeed Jammu and Kashmir active
in alliance with INC.
2000 Goa People's Congress Francisco Sardinha गोवा defunct
merged with INC
2001 Congress Jananayaka Peravai P. Chidambaram तमिल नाडु defunct
merged with INC
2001 Thondar Congress Kumari Ananthan तमिल नाडु defunct
merged with INC
2001 Pondicherry Makkal Congress P. Kannan Puducherry defunct
2002 Vidarbha Janata Congress Jambuwantrao Dhote महाराष्ट्र सक्रिय
2002 Indian National Congress (Sheik Hassan) Sheik Hassan गोवा defunct
merged with भारतीय जनता पार्टी
2002 Gujarat Janata Congress Chhabildas Mehta गुजरात defunct
merged with NCP
2003 Congress (Dolo) Kameng Dolo अरुणाचल प्रदेश defunct
merged with भारतीय जनता पार्टी
2003 Nagaland People's Front Neiphiu Rio नागालैण्ड सक्रिय
2005 Pondicherry Munnetra Congress P. Kannan Puducherry defunct
merged with INC
2005 Democratic Indira Congress (Karunakaran)[19] K. Karunakaran केरल defunct
merged with Nationalist Congress Party and a large number of workers returned to the INC with K. Karunakaran later his son K. Muraleedharan also returned to INC
2007 Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) Kuldeep Bishnoi हरियाणा merged with INC
2008 Pragatisheel Indira Congress (PIC) Somendra Nath Mitra पश्चिम बंगाल defunct
merged with All India Trinamool Congress
2011 YSR Congress Party Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy आन्ध्र प्रदेश सक्रिय
2011 All India N.R Congress N. Rangaswamy Puducherry सक्रिय
2014 Jai Samaikyandhra Party Nallari Kiran Kumar Reddy Andhra pradesh defunct
merged with भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस
2014 Tamil Maanila Congress G. K. Vasan तमिल नाडु सक्रिय
2016 छत्तीसगढ़ जनता कांग्रेस अजीत जोगी छत्तीसगढ़ सक्रिय
All India Rajiv Krantikari Congress Surendra Pradhan उत्तर प्रदेश status unknown
भारतीय राजीव कांग्रेस status unknown

सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

  1. अशोक घोष, A Short History of the All India Forward Bloc. Kolkata: Bengal Lokmat Printers Pvt Ltd., 2001. p. 55
  2. Amit Mukherjee (2004-04-03). "The case of the missing socialists". Times of India. मूल से 29 अक्तूबर 2013 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-25.
  3. Bose, K.; Forward Bloc. Madras: 1988, Tamil Nadu Academy of Political Science. p. 94-95, 119, 175-184, 212
  4. Rajmohan Gandhi. "'Its tone being liberal as well as conservative, Swatantra reached out to moderate Hindus and non-Hindus in ways not available to the Jan Sangh'". Rediff. मूल से 15 दिसंबर 2018 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-25.
  5. "P. T. Chacko, Pullolil". मूल से 11 अप्रैल 2011 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 16 अप्रैल 2019.
  6. Wallace, Paul. India: The Dispersion of Political Power Paul Wallace, in Asian Survey, Vol. 8, No. 2, A Survey of Asia in 1967: Part II. (Feb., 1968), pp. 87-96.
  7. Ksh Kennedy Singh (2009-01-25). "The MPP and the People of Manipur". Manipuronline.com. मूल से May 13, 2008 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-25.
  8. Mukharjee, Aditya. "Congress and the Making of the Indian Nation". Academic Foundation, New Delhi. मूल से 7 दिसंबर 2016 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 17 May 2014.
  9. Chandra, Bipan & others (2000). India after Independence 1947-2000, New Delhi:Penguin Books, ISBN 0-14-027825-7, p.236
  10. G. G. Mirchandani (2003). 320 Million Judges. Abhinav Publications. पपृ॰ 90–100. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 81-7017-061-3.
  11. Andersen, Walter K.. India in 1981: Stronger Political Authority and Social Tension, published in Asian Survey, Vol. 22, No. 2, A Survey of Asia in 1981: Part II (Feb., 1982), pp. 119-135
  12. "Spotlight: Merger with NCP". The Tribune. 1999-06-11. मूल से 3 मार्च 2016 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-25.
  13. Ashok Kumar (2006-04-05). "From MGR to Vijaykant, the film-politics nexus continues". Chennai, India: The Hindu. मूल से 3 नवंबर 2012 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-25.
  14. Bhavdeep Kang (2004-04-03). "A Sleight Of Hand". Outlook India. मूल से 2 जनवरी 2014 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-25.
  15. T.S. Subramanian (2001-09-15). "Crusading Congressman". The Hindu. मूल से 15 सितंबर 2008 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-25.
  16. Kalyan Chaudhuri (2002-02-02). "A fractured verdict in Manipur". The Hindu. मूल से 28 जुलाई 2011 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-27.
  17. "MEMBERS OF XII LOK SABHA". Parliament of India. मूल से 3 मार्च 2016 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-27.
  18. "Pune set for triangular fight". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2004-04-05. मूल से 8 नवंबर 2012 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 2010-11-12.
  19. "Karunakaran's party gets new name". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2005-09-01. मूल से 3 नवंबर 2012 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 2009-10-25.

बाहरी कड़ियाँ[संपादित करें]