कौसरनाग

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कौसरनाग, क्रमसर नाग
स्थान कुलगाम, कश्मीर घाटी, भारत
निर्देशांक 33°30′44″N 74°46′08″E / 33.512287°N 74.768780°E / 33.512287; 74.768780निर्देशांक: 33°30′44″N 74°46′08″E / 33.512287°N 74.768780°E / 33.512287; 74.768780
झील का प्रकार Oligotrophic lake
मुख्य अंतर्वाह Melting of snow
मुख्य बहिर्वाह वेश्व नदी की सहायक नदी
अधिकतम लम्बाई 3 किलोमीटर (1.9 मील)
अधिकतम चौड़ाई 0.9 किलोमीटर (0.56 मील)
सतह की ऊँचाई 3,500 मीटर (11,500 फीट)
बर्फ़ से जमी November to July

कौसरनाग या विष्णुपाद जम्मू और कश्मीर के कुलगाम जिले के पीर पंजाल पर्वतश्रेणी में ऊंचाई पर स्थित एक झील है। यह झील लगभग ३ किमी लम्बी है। इसकी अधिकतम चौड़ाई लगभग १ किमी है।[1]. इस झील पर पहुंचने का मार्ग अहरबल नामक प्रसिद्ध जलप्रपात से होकर जाता है।

ऐतिहासिक सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

ऋग्वेद की ऋचा संख्या (I22.17) में विष्णु के तीन चरणों का उल्लेख है। According to Sakapuni, Visnu placed his steps in a 3-fold manner, on the earth (as fire) in the atmosphere (as the lightening) and in the sky as the sun. Visnu is chiefly extolled for his three strides with which he traversed the world. The Mahabharata speaks of him as the presiding deity of motion. The Natyashastra of Bharata applies to him the epithet amitagata, one with unrestrained movement and the earth is often described as having been trodden by Visnu in the past. In the epic-Vishnu Purana period a few holy spots were supposed to bear the markings of the feet of Visnu, whose main attribute is his power of striding. Scholar BM Baru explains Visnupada as an astronomical term, when the sun is on the rising point (Samarohana) and setting (Gayasiras).

Stories about a hill bearing the footprints of Visnu were current in the days of Yaska. Visnusmriti mentions Visnupada alongwith Godavari, Gomati, Vipasa etc. besides Gaya.

An important aspect of Gaya pilgrimage (where a person can perform his own Śrāddha), is visit to Visnupada temple (bearing foot-prints of Visnu). This temple existed in 4th Century AD, but the temple in its present condition belongs to Gupta period. However, Buchanan draws our attention to an inscription that says the temple was constructed by King Jayasimha (1128-49 AD) of Kashmir in honour of the footprints of deity Dattatreya (a form of Visnu).

The epics refer to a Visnupada situated in the north. Mahabharat a carries as many as six references to it, three of which speak of it as a spot on the top of a northern hill. Historian Suvira Jaiswal says, “At present we cannot determine its exact location, it appears to have been in the north”.

Popularity of worship of Visnupada in Kashmir is certainly due to sway of Buddhism in the region. Jaiswal argues,” the practice of dedicating the footprints of Visnu and of erecting shrines over them became popular certainly due to the Buddhist influence. It was later adopted by Vaisnavism in which Visnu’s foot was already much exalted. But it was not popular among Vaisnavas, as dearth of available evidence indicates”.[2]

सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

[3] [4] [5]

  1. "VAM :: Vertical Amble Mountaineering: Kausar Nag Trek Information". Verticalamble.in. अभिगमन तिथि 2014-08-03.
  2. "Konsarnag – Myth, Legend and History". Kashmir Sentinel. अभिगमन तिथि 2014-08-03.
  3. Pilgrimage Naubandhana
  4. Complete History
  5. History in Hindi

बाहरी कड़ियाँ[संपादित करें]