ओलचिकी लिपि

मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
Jump to navigation Jump to search
ओल चिकी
Ol Chiki.svg
प्रकार Alphabet
भाषाएँ संथाली भाषा
आईएसओ 15924 Olck, 261
दिशा बाएँ-से-दाएँ
यूनिकोड एलियास Ol Chiki
यूनिकोड रेंज U+1C50–U+1C7F
नोट: इस पृष्ठ पर आइपीए ध्वन्यात्मक प्रतीक हो सकते हैं।

ओलचिकी (OLCHIKI) एक भारतीय लिपि है, जो संथाली भाषा लिखने में प्रयुक्त होती है। इस भाषा का सम्बन्ध विशेष रुप से झारखंड राज्य से है l

वर्णमाला[संपादित करें]

वर्ण वर्ण का नाम आईपीए (IPA)[1] लिप्यन्तरण स्वरूप/आकार[2]
ALA-LC[3] Zide[1] देवनागरी[4] बांग्ला[4] ओड़िया[4]
la /ɔ/ a burning fire
at /t/ t t ତ୍ the Earth
ag /k’/, /g/ g k’ ଗ୍ vomiting mouth which produces the same sound as the name of the letter
ang /ŋ/ blowing air
al /l/ l l ଲ୍ writing
laa /a/ ā a working in the field with a spade
aak /k/ k k କ୍ bird (sound of a swan)
aaj /c’/, /j/ j c’ ଜ୍ person pointing towards a third person with the right hand (saying he)
aam /m/ m m ମ୍ person pointing towards a second person with the left hand (saying you)
aaw /w/, /v/ w w ওয় opening lips
li /i/ i i bending tree
is /s/ s s ସ୍ plow
ih /ʔ/, /h/ h ହ୍ hands up
iny /ɲ/ ñ ñ ଞ୍ person pointing towards himself/herself with the left hand
ir /r/ r r ର୍ sickle used for cutting or reaping
lu /u/ u u vessel used for preparing food
uch /c/ c c ଚ୍ peak of a mountain which is usually high
ud /t’/, /d/ d t’ ଦ୍ mushroom
unn /ɳ/ ଣ୍ picture of a flying bee (which makes this sound)
uy /j/ y y য় ୟ୍ a man bending towards ground to cut something
le /e/ e e overflowing rivers changing course
ep /p/ p p ପ୍ person receiving with both hands
edd /ɖ/ ଡ୍ a man with two legs stretching towards his chest and mouth
en /n/ n n ନ୍ thrashing grains with two legs
err /ɽ/ ड़ ড় ଳ୍ a path that turns to avoid an obstruction or a danger
lo /o/ o o a mouth when sounding this letter
ott /ʈ/ ଟ୍ camel hump
ob /p’/, /b/ b p’ ବ୍ curly hair
ov /w̃/ उं nasalized
oh /ʰ/ h (C)h a man throwing something with one hand

Aspirated consonants are written as digraphs with the letter :[5][4] ᱛᱷ /tʰ/, ᱜᱷ /gʱ/, ᱠᱷ /kʰ/, ᱡᱷ /jʱ/, ᱪᱷ /cʰ/, ᱫᱷ /dʱ/, ᱯᱷ /pʰ/, ᱰᱷ /ɖʱ/, ᱲᱷ /ɽʱ/, ᱴᱷ /ʈʰ/, and ᱵᱷ /bʱ/.

अन्य प्रतीक[संपादित करें]

Ol Chiki employs several marks which are placed after the letter they modify (there are no combining characters):

Mark Name Description
साँचा:Huge găhlă ṭuḍăg This baseline dot is used to extend three vowel letters for the Santal Parganas dialect of Santali:[5] ᱚᱹ ŏ /ɔ/, ᱟᱹ ă /ə/, and ᱮᱹ ĕ /ɛ/. The phonetic difference between and ᱚᱹ is not clearly defined and there may be only a marginal phonemic difference between the two. ᱚᱹ is rarely used. ALA-LC transliterates ᱚᱹ as "ạ̄".[3]
साँचा:Huge mũ ṭuḍăg This raised dot indicates nasalization of the preceding vowel: ᱚᱸ /ɔ̃/, ᱟᱸ /ã/, ᱤᱸ /ĩ/, ᱩᱸ /ũ/, ᱮᱸ /ẽ/, and ᱳᱸ /õ/. ALA-LC transliteration uses "m̐" after the affected vowel.[3]
साँचा:Huge mũ găhlă ṭuḍăg This colon-like mark is used to mark a nasalized extended vowel. It is a combination of mũ ṭuḍăg and găhlă ṭuḍăg: ᱚᱺ /ɔ̃/, ᱟᱺ /ə̃/, and ᱮᱺ /ɛ̃/.
साँचा:Huge relā This tilde-like mark indicates the prolongation of any oral or nasalized vowel. Compare /e/ with ᱮᱻ /eː/. It comes after the găhlă ṭuḍăg for extended vowels: ᱮᱹᱻ /ɛː/. It is omitted in ALA-LC transliteration.[3]
साँचा:Huge ahad This special letter indicates the deglottalization of a consonant in the word-final position. It preserves the morphophonemic relationship between the glottalized (ejective) and voiced equivalents of consonants.[5] For example, represents a voiced /g/ when word initial but an ejective /k’/ when in the word-final position. A voiced /g/ in the word-final position is written as ᱜᱽ. The ahad is used with , , , , and which can form cursive ligatures with in handwriting (but not usually in printed text).[4] ALA-LC transliteration uses an apostrophe (’) to represent an ahad.[3]
साँचा:Huge phārkā This hyphen-like mark serves as a glottal protector (the opposite function as the ahad.) It preserves the ejective sound, even in the word-initial position. Compare ᱜᱚ /gɔ/ with ᱜᱼᱚ /k’ɔ/. The phārkā is only used with , , , and . It is omitted in ALA-LC transliteration.[3]

अंक[संपादित करें]

Digit 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
ओल चिकी

विराम चिह्न[संपादित करें]

Some Western-style punctuation marks are used with Ol Chiki: comma (,), exclamation mark (!), question mark (?), and quotation marks (“ and ”).

Period (.) is not used because it is visually confusable with the găhlă ṭuḍăg mark (ᱹ).[4] Instead of periods the script uses two dandas:

  • (mucăd) marks a minor break
  • ᱿ (double mucăd) marks a major break

यूनिकोड[संपादित करें]

ओलचिकी लिपि को अप्रैल २००८ में यूनिकोड में सम्मिलित किया गया था, जब यूनिकोड का 5.1 संस्करण निकला था।

ओलचिकी का यूनिकोड खण्ड ( Unicode block) U+1C50 से U+1C7F तक है।

ओल चिकी
ओल चिकी वर्णों के यूनिकोड (PDF)
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+1C7x ᱿

सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

  1. Zide, Norman (1996). Daniels, Peter T.; Bright, William (संपा॰). The World's Writing Systems. Oxford University Press, Inc. पपृ॰ 614-615. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-0195079937. मूल से 15 दिसंबर 2019 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 14 मार्च 2020.
  2. "Ol Chiki Script". A portal for Santals. 2002. मूल से 8 अगस्त 2018 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 2017-09-12.
  3. "Santali (in Ol script)" (PDF). ALA-LC Romanization Tables. Library of Congress. मूल से 4 दिसंबर 2018 को पुरालेखित (PDF). अभिगमन तिथि 2017-09-12.
  4. Everson, Michael (2005-09-05). "L2/05-243R: Final proposal to encode the Ol Chiki script in the UCS" (PDF). मूल से 31 जुलाई 2015 को पुरालेखित (PDF). अभिगमन तिथि 14 मार्च 2020.
  5. "The Unicode Standard, Chapter 13.10: Ol Chiki" (PDF). Unicode Consortium. March 2019. मूल से 13 जून 2019 को पुरालेखित (PDF). अभिगमन तिथि 14 मार्च 2020.

बाहरी कड़ियाँ[संपादित करें]