साँचा:ज्ञानसन्दूक फ़िल्म

मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
ज्ञानसन्दूक फ़िल्म
परिचय का प्रतीक साँचा परिचय[देखें] [संपादन] [इतिहास] [पर्ज .]
साँचा:Subpage other

Infobox film is used to create an infobox which summarizes the main information of a particular motion picture.

Usage[संपादित करें]

The infobox may be added by pasting the template as shown below into an article, typically at the top of an article above the lead section.

{{Infobox film
| name           = 
| image          = 
| alt            = 
| caption        = 
| native_name    = <!-- {{Infobox name module|language|title}} or {{Infobox name module|title}} -->
| निर्देशक       = 
| लेखक         = 
| पटकथा     = 
| कहानी          = 
| आधारित       = <!-- {{Based on|title of the original work|creator of the original work|additional creator(s), if necessary}} -->
| निर्माता       = 
| अभिनेता       = 
| कथावाचक       = 
| छायाकार = 
| संपादक        = 
| संगीतकार          = 
| स्टूडियो         = <!-- or: | production_companies = -->
| वितरक    = <!-- or: | distributors = -->
| प्रदर्शन तिथि(याँ)       = <!-- {{Film date|df=yes/no|year|month|day|location|ref1=}} -->
| समय सीमा        = 
| देश        = 
| भाषा       = 
| लागत         = 
| कुल कारोबार          = 

उदाहरण[संपादित करें]


शोले का पोस्टर
निर्देशक रमेश सिप्पी
लेखक सलीम-जावेद
पटकथा सलीम-जावेद
निर्माता गोपाल दास सिप्पी
निलकमल दुबे
अभिनेता धर्मेन्द्र
संजीव कुमार
अमिताभ बच्चन
जया बच्चन
अमज़द ख़ान
छायाकार द्वारका दिवेचा
संपादक एम् एस शिंदे
संगीतकार राहुल देव बर्मन
प्रदर्शन तिथि
15 अगस्त 1975 (1975-08-15)
204 मिनट[1][a]
देश  भारत
भाषा हिन्दी[2][3]
लागत 3 करोड़[4]
कुल कारोबार 15 करोड़[5]
{{Infobox Film
| name           = शोले
| image          = शोले.jpg
| caption        = '''शोले''' का पोस्टर
| director       = [[रमेश सिप्पी]]
| producer       = [[जी॰ पी॰ सिप्पी|गोपाल दास सिप्पी]]<br/>निलकमल दुबे
| screenplay     = [[सलीम ख़ान|सलीम]]-[[जावेद अख़्तर|जावेद]]
| music          = [[राहुल देव बर्मन]]
| cinematography = द्वारका दिवेचा
| Art Director   = राम येडेकर
| editing        = एम् एस शिंदे
| writer         = सलीम-जावेद
| starring       = [[धर्मेन्द्र]]<br />[[संजीव कुमार]]<br />[[हेमामालिनी]]<br />[[अमिताभ बच्चन]]<br />[[जया बच्चन]]<br />[[अमज़द ख़ान]]
| released       = {{start date|[[:श्रेणी:1975 में बनी हिन्दी फ़िल्म|1975]]|8|15|df=y}}
| runtime        = 204 मिनट<ref name=Runtime>{{cite web|title=''Sholay'' (PG) |url=http://www.bbfc.co.uk/releases/sholay-1988 |publisher=[[British Board of Film Classification]] |accessdate=12 April 2013 |deadurl=no |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131109084512/http://www.bbfc.co.uk/releases/sholay-1988 |archivedate= 9 November 2013 |df= }}</ref>{{efn|name=runtime}}
| country        = {{IND}}
| language       = [[हिन्दी]]<ref name="Cinar"/><ref name="Chopra"/>
| budget         = {{INR}} 3 करोड़{{sfn|Chopra|2000|p=143}}
| gross          = {{INR}} 15 करोड़<ref name=Boi70s/>

Parameters[संपादित करें]

All parameters are optional.

Template parameters
Parameter Explanation
Set to
if the title of the article should not be automatically italicised (for instance, if the title has a disambiguation clause).
Insert the full common name of the film (defaults to {{PAGENAMEBASE}} if empty).
Insert a relevant image for the film. Ideally this should be a film poster, but a DVD/VHS cover, screenshot, or other film-related image may also be used. Only use the actual file name, i.e. |image=Forrest Gump poster.jpg. See #Image for further guidelines.
Alt text for the image. See WP:ALT. This field is normally not visible in standard web browsers, but you can see it by requesting the image's properties from the browser. A visually impaired reader will typically hear the alt text in place of the image.
Insert image caption, which should describe the type of image used.
Insert the native title of the film using the {{Infobox name module}} template if it is different from the displayed title; please visit that template's page for full instructions. This parameter is for the native title only, i.e. it should not be used to add translated titles to the infobox.
Insert the name(s) of the director(s). Separate multiple entries using either {{plainlist}} or {{ubl}}. Link each director to their article if possible.
Insert the name(s) of the writer(s). This field is primarily used for films where the writer(s) are credited under "Written by". Separate multiple entries using either {{plainlist}} or {{ubl}}. Link each writer to their article if possible.
Insert the name(s) of the screenplay writer(s). Separate multiple entries using either {{plainlist}} or {{ubl}}. Use this field instead of the normal writer field if films divide writing credits between screenplay and story writers. Link each writer to their article if possible.
Insert the name(s) of the story writer(s). Separate multiple entries using either {{plainlist}} or {{ubl}}. Use this field instead of the normal writer field if films divide writing credits between screenplay and story writers. Link each writer to their article if possible.
Insert the title of the source material and the name(s) of the source material writer(s). Use this field in conjunction with screenplay and story where applicable (i.e. "Screen story") if films are based on previously produced or published material, such as books, plays, articles, old screenplays etc. Use {{based on}} or similar formatting where possible. Do not use this field where the source material is ambiguous.
Insert the name(s) of the producer(s). Separate multiple entries using either {{plainlist}} or {{ubl}}. Link each producer to their article if possible. Only producer credits should be included, not executive producers, associate producers, etc.
In general, use the billing block of the poster for the film's original theatrical release as a rule of thumb for listing starring actors.[6] If unavailable, use the top-billed actors from the screen credits. An alternative approach may be determined by local consensus. Use either the {{plainlist}} or {{ubl}} template for multiple entries, and link each actor to their article if possible. Don't add additional text (such as "with" or "featuring") or punctuation to the list.
For documentaries only. Insert the name(s) of the narrator(s). Separate multiple entries using either {{plainlist}} or {{ubl}}. Link each narrator to their article if possible.
Insert the name(s) of the cinematographer(s) or director(s) of photography. Separate multiple entries using either {{plainlist}} or {{ubl}}. Link each cinematographer or director of photography to their article if possible.
Insert the name(s) of the editor(s). Separate multiple entries using either {{plainlist}} or {{ubl}}. Listing "additional editors" and "supervising editors" may occasionally be appropriate, in which case add the tag "(add)" or "(sup)". Link each editor to their article if possible.
Insert the name(s) of the composer(s) of the original music score. They are usually credited with "Music by". Composers credited for "additional music" and songwriters should not be included. Separate multiple entries using either {{ubl}} or {{plainlist}}. Link each composer to their article if possible.
For animated films only. Insert the name(s) of the animator(s). Separate multiple entries using either {{plainlist}} or {{ubl}}. Link each animator to their article if possible.
For animated films only. Insert the name(s) of the layout artist(s). Separate multiple entries using either {{plainlist}} or {{ubl}}. Link each layout artist to their article if possible.
For animated films only. Insert the name(s) of the background artist(s). Separate multiple entries using either {{plainlist}} or {{ubl}}. Link each background artist to their article if possible.
For animated films only. Insert the type of film stock used to make the film. For most cartoons, this should be filled only with one of the following choices: black and white, Sepia tone, Technicolor, Technicolor (two-color), Cinecolor, Polacolor, or Metrocolor. For more modern (post-1970) cartoons, "Color" will suffice.
  • studio
  • or
  • production_companies
Insert the company or companies that produced the film. Separate multiple entries using either {{plainlist}} or {{ubl}}, and use the "production_companies" parameter. Link each company to its article if possible. When possible, this should be cited to reliable secondary sources that explicitly identify the production companies.
Insert the company name(s) of the distributor(s) that first released the film. Separate multiple entries using either {{plainlist}} or {{ubl}}. Link each distributor to its article if possible. See #Distributor for additional guidelines.
Insert only the most relevant release date(s) of the film. Use {{Film date}}. See #Release dates for additional guidelines.
Insert an approximate time duration of the film in minutes. If the running time is given to the second, round it to the minute (and do not link to "minute"). Restrict the entry to the runtime for the primary release. See #Runtime for additional guidelines.
  • For reasons explained below preference is given to reliable databases like BFI, AFI, or trade publications such as Screen International and Variety. Some call it the country(s) of production, while other simply call it the country(s) or nationality. If there is a conflict of information in various reliable sources, then list only the common published nations. Alternatively in the case of conflict, consider leaving this field blank and discussing the issue in the article.
  • When using the field, do not use flag icons, as this places an unnecessary emphasis on nationality; see MOS:FLAG for a detailed rationale. Also, do not link to Cinema of XXXX; see WP:EGG.
Insert the language primarily used in the film. Databases often give every language spoken within the film, even if they only reflect a few lines in the overall script. The BBFC website is a good resource for the main language used in the film. Only in rare cases of clearly bilingual or multilingual films, enter separate entries with {{unbulleted list}}. In the case of a single language without any additional text, the film article will be put automatically in the category concerned.

Note: languages are not automatically linked. This has been done intentionally because according to WP:OVERLINK, most major languages should generally not be linked. Please do not override this by using a piped link such as [[English language|English]].

Insert the approximate production budget of the film. This is the cost of the actual filming, and does not include marketing/promotional costs (e.g. advertisements, commercials, posters). Budget figures can be found at Box Office Mojo, The Numbers, the Los Angeles Times, Variety, etc. If there are conflicting estimates, do not cherry-pick; list each estimate either as an individual value or as a number range. Do not use primary sources to corroborate budget figures. When applicable, add "gross" and "net" parenthetically beside the figure(s), using the either {{plainlist}} or {{ubl}} template.
Insert the worldwide gross revenue accrued by the film in its theatrical run (home media sales should instead be covered in the article body). This information is available for many Hollywood pictures at Box Office Mojo and The Numbers. If worldwide gross is not available, then indicate which region has grossed that amount. Use condensed, rounded values ($22.4 million vs $22,392,684). Precise values should be used where stable and appropriate to the context, or significant in themselves for some special reason. (See also: MOS:LARGENUM and this consensus discussion.)

Additional parameter usage explanation[संपादित करें]

Image[संपादित करें]

Ideally, an image of the film's original theatrical release poster should be uploaded and added to the infobox to serve as an identifying image for the article. Poster images can be found at websites such as Internet Movie Poster Awards or Internet Movie Poster Database. If a poster image cannot be found for the film, or if the film did not have a theatrical release, then a cover image of the film's display case (VHS, DVD, etc.) may be used instead. Cover images can be found at commercial websites such as Amazon.com or Amazon.co.uk. In the absence of an appropriate poster or cover image, a screenshot of the film's title card may also be used. When replacing an existing image, upload the new image over the old image (where possible), and update the relevant details on the image description page. See Wikipedia's non-free content policy to learn about the appropriate use of copyrighted images (such as most poster images) on Wikipedia, and see introduction to uploading images to find instructions for uploading an image.

Once uploaded, place the file name of the image, e.g., FILM TITLE poster.jpg (or a similar description), in the image= field of the infobox, but do not include the Image: part of the file name. The caption= field should describe the image, i.e., identifying it as "Theatrical release poster" (or "Promotional release poster", which may be appropriate if the film has a poster but did not receive a wide theatrical release, or its theatrical release status is unknown) or "DVD cover"; repeating the title of the film here is not necessary. Below is an example of how to use the fields:

| name = FILM TITLE
| image = FILM TITLE poster.jpg
| caption = Theatrical release poster

Nationalities (e.g. "American theatrical release poster", "French release poster", "Japanese release poster", etc.) should be excluded from the caption, unless the poster in question is not from the film's country of origin. If the poster used is not from the film's country of origin, then the poster's language or country of origin can be specified (see the English-language poster in the infobox for Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives as an example).

If the poster is illustrated, its illustrator may be specified in the caption (see the infobox caption for E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, which reads "Theatrical release poster by John Alvin". Inclusions of artist names in film infobox captions should be reliably sourced.

Credits[संपादित करें]

Credits in the infobox should not be retrospectively altered to accommodate name changes at a later date. A person should be credited by the name they were using professionally at the time the film was made.

Distributor[संपादित करें]

Using the same rationale as the release date, the distributor(s) should be restricted to the country or countries that produced the film and (if different) the country where the film is first released. If there are only two distributors in total (a domestic and foreign) then include both of them.

Release dates[संपादित करें]

The film infobox is too small to reproduce the long lists of release dates provided by sources such as the Internet Movie Database. Release dates should therefore be restricted to the film's earliest release, whether it was at a film festival, a world premiere, or a public release, and the release date(s) in the country or countries that produced the film, excluding sneak previews or screenings. If the film was officially distributed by a streaming service such as Netflix for its original release (not including cases where the service has only acquired distribution rights for certain overseas regions that don't include the producing countries), then the date it was released on the platform should also be included. If other release dates are found to be notable, it may be appropriate to include them in the main body of the article (example).

{{Film date}} should be used for the film's release dates, which automatically adds the film to the appropriate release year category (such as 2024 films), and Upcoming films when appropriate. Please see that template's documentation for more info.

Release dates for straight-to-video and television films should follow the preceding guideline for home releases and airings, respectively.

Some editors like to use flag icons instead of country names. This should be avoided, as flags are less recognizable than country names. See Wikipedia:Manual of Style (flags) for a more detailed rationale.

Runtime[संपादित करें]

The runtime for the film should be for the primary release; this will usually be the format the film premiered on, so for films that have had a theatrical release insert the runtime of the original theatrical version. Runtimes can vary due to regional censorship, alternative cuts (such as a director's cut or an unrated version) and different technical specifications across release formats, but do not include any additional runtimes without consensus. Use a reliable secondary source, such as the BBFC classification site, to cite the information; do not time it yourself, and for upcoming releases, do not take it from theater chain or ticketing service websites. If using the BBFC website as a source take note that a film may have been submitted to the BBFC several times for classification and have several different runtimes associated with it depending on format, version and component (such as a DVD commentary), so be careful to source the correct time, which are all listed at the entry page for the film under "Cinema".

Home video packaging should only be used to source runtimes for direct-to-video films or for films that may not have been classified; reliable secondary sources are still preferable in these instances if at all possible.

Country[संपादित करें]

According to the European Lumiere project, the value of this parameter is seldom found in the primary source (the film) and often involves original research:

"defining the nationality of a film is a complex task. There are no widely accepted international or even European definitions of the criteria to be used to determine the country of origin of a film. This is both a legal and a statistical problem. It is enlightening to compare the lists provided by the different national sources that we use: countries involved in a joint production are not always indicated (even when the main coproducer is from another country). Different national records – and the statistics on which they are based – can show the same film as having a whole range of nationalities." (from "Identification of Films in the Lumiere Database". European Audiovisual Observatory. 2006.)

Controlling line-breaking in embedded bulletless lists[संपादित करें]

Template {{nbsp}} may be used with {{wbr}} and {{nowrap}} to control line-breaking in bulletless lists embedded in the infobox (e.g. cast and other credits lists), to prevent wrapped long entries from being confused with multiple entries. See Template:Wbr/doc#Controlling line-breaking in infoboxes for details.

TemplateData[संपादित करें]

Removed parameters[संपादित करें]

IMDb, AllMovie and other external links[संपादित करें]

When this infobox template was first created in December 2004, one of the parameters created an external link to the Internet Movie Database (IMDb). Irrespective of the fact that IMDb is not used as a reliable source for verifying content in Wikipedia articles, it still is a resource that many people, including editors and readers of Wikipedia, often turn to.

In more recent years, additional external websites have become increasingly useful resources, including AllMovie, Box Office Mojo, the British Film Institute, Metacritic, and Rotten Tomatoes. Also, modern films almost invariably have an official website. As a consequence, new external links were added to and removed from the infobox as consensus changed on the subject.

Discussions about the fate of these links took place in numerous places over some time, with a number of people advocating removal of all external links from the infobox, if not the article as a whole. Others spoke of the value of having at least a link to IMDb in the infobox. Eventually, a far from undisputed consensus arose to remove all external links from the infobox and to move them to the External links section where appropriate in view of the External links guideline.

Important points towards this consensus included fact that the infobox could not include all of the available links and that it would be inappropriate to pick and choose one or a few of those links over others. Suggestions that losing access to the most useful of the available links (typically IMDb) would damage the usefulness of film articles were not found persuasive by many since such links could still be included in the External links section and the table of contents linking to the external links section having all of the useful external links is adjacent the infobox.

External links to resources such as the Internet Movie Database (IMDb), AllMovie and any official website are no longer included in this template. Nevertheless, these resources and others may be usefully added to the "External links" section of the article using the following templates:

A link to the official website, if any, may be created manually, or using the {{official website|url|name=title (optional)}} template.

Ratings[संपादित करें]

Like links to IMDb, statements of a film's rating(s) have been excluded from the infobox as consensus has shifted over the years. Mainly, there are simply too many ratings systems in English-speaking countries, let alone the world over. Further, these ratings systems rarely exactly agree, and a film's rating can change drastically over time as different editions of a film are released, and re-released, to theaters, broadcast, cable/satellite/streaming, and home media. Ratings information should be integrated into the film's article.

Notes[संपादित करें]

  1. "Sholay (PG)". British Board of Film Classification. मूल से 9 November 2013 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 12 April 2013. नामालूम प्राचल |deadurl= की उपेक्षा की गयी (मदद)
  2. सन्दर्भ त्रुटि: <ref> का गलत प्रयोग; Cinar नाम के संदर्भ में जानकारी नहीं है।
  3. सन्दर्भ त्रुटि: <ref> का गलत प्रयोग; Chopra नाम के संदर्भ में जानकारी नहीं है।
  4. Chopra 2000, पृ॰ 143.
  5. सन्दर्भ त्रुटि: <ref> का गलत प्रयोग; Boi70s नाम के संदर्भ में जानकारी नहीं है।
  6. The original poster is also called the "one sheet" and is the ideal source for this information. Usually the principal credits are listed at the bottom in block letters.

See also[संपादित करें]

साँचा:Film- and television-related infobox templates

सन्दर्भ त्रुटि: "lower-alpha" नामक सन्दर्भ-समूह के लिए <ref> टैग मौजूद हैं, परन्तु समूह के लिए कोई <references group="lower-alpha"/> टैग नहीं मिला। यह भी संभव है कि कोई समाप्ति </ref> टैग गायब है।