रूसी सोवियत संघात्मक समाजवादी गणराज्य

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रूसी सोवियत संघात्मक समाजवादी गणराज्य
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика
Sovereign state (1917–22)
Soviet Socialist Republic (1922–91)
De facto sovereign entity (1990–91)

Flag (1954–1991) State Emblem (1978–1992)
राष्ट्रिय ध्येय
Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Russian)
Proletarii vsekh stran, soyedinyaytes'! (transliteration)
"Workers of the world, unite!"
Worker's Marseillaise (1917–1918)
The Internationale (1918–1944)
National Anthem of the Soviet Union (1944–1990)
The Patriotic Song (1990–1991) - in Russian Federation (1992-1993)a
Extent of the Russian SFSR (red) within the Soviet Union
(red and white) following World War II (1956).
राजधानी Petrograd (1917–1918)
Moscow (March 1918 – 1991)[1]
भाषाएँ Russianb
शासन Federal Marxist-Leninist Soviet republic (1917-91)

Federal presidential Soviet republic (1991)

Head of state
 -  1917 (first) Lev Kamenevc
 -  1990–1991 (last) Boris Yeltsind
Head of government
 -  1917–1924 (first) Vladimir Lenine
 -  1990–1991 Ivan Silayevf
 -  1991 (last) Boris Yeltsing
विधायिका VTsIK / All-Russian Congress (1917–38)
Supreme Soviet (RSFSR) (1938–90)
Supreme Soviet (RSFSR) / Congress
of People's Deputies
ऐतिहासिक युग World War I / Interwar period / World War II / Cold War
 -  October Revolution November 7, 1917
 -  Established November 9, 1917
 -  Admitted to the USSR December 30, 1922
 -  Sovereignty declared June 12, 1990
 -  Independence effective December 12, 1991
 -  Renamed Russian Federation December 25, 1991
 -  New Constitution December 12, 1993
आज इन देशों का हिस्सा है: Flag of Russia.svg रूस
Flag of Ukraine.svg युक्रेन (Disputed)
Flag of Belarus.svg बेलारूस

Flag of Kazakhstan.svg कज़ाख़िस्तान (Becomes Kazakh SSR in 1936)
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg किर्गिज़स्तान (Becomes Kyrgyz SSR in 1936)
Flag of Mongolia.svg मंगोलिया
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg चीनी जनवादी गणराज्य

a. Remained the national anthem of Russia until 2000.
b. Official language in the courts from 1937.[2]
c. As Chairman of the VTsIK (All-Russian Central Executive Committee).
d. As Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, from May 29, 1990 to July 10, 1991, then as President of Russia.
e. As Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Russian SFSR
f. As Chairmen of the Council of Ministers – Government of the Russian SFSR
g. Served as acting head of government while President of Russia
Hero of the USSR Seven Hero City awards
The Russian Democratic Federative Republic existed briefly on January 19, 1918, but actual sovereignty was still in the hands of the Soviets even after the Russian Constituent Assembly opened its first and last session.[3]

रूसी सोवियत संघात्मक समाजवादी गणराज्य ('Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic' या 'Russian SFSR' या 'RSFSR'; रूसी : Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика, अनु० Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika ) जिसको 'सोवियत रूस' या केवल 'रूस' कहते हैं, [4] १९१७ से १९२२ तक एक संप्रभु राज्य था जो १९१७ से १९९१ तक सोवियत संघ का सबसे बड़ा, सबसे अधिक जनसंख्या वाला और आर्थिक रूप से सबसे उन्नत देश था।

रूसी सोवियत संघात्मक समाजवादी गणराज्य की स्थापना ७ नवम्बर १९१७ को रूस की अक्टूबर क्रांति के परिणामस्वरूप हुआ था।

सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

  1. LENINE'S MIGRATION A QUEER SCENE Archived 12 सितंबर 2017 at the वेबैक मशीन., Arthur Ransome for The New York Times, March 16, 1918.
  2. article 114 of the 1937 Constitution, article 171 of the 1978 Constitution
  3. Riasanovsky, Nicholas (2000). A History of Russia (sixth edition). Oxford University Press. पृ॰ 458. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 0-19-512179-1.
  4. Declaration of Rights of the laboring and exploited people (original VTsIK variant Archived 7 अगस्त 2011 at the वेबैक मशीन., III Congress revision Archived 27 सितंबर 2011 at the वेबैक मशीन.), article I

इन्हें भी देखें[संपादित करें]