रूसी सोवियत संघात्मक समाजवादी गणराज्य

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रूसी सोवियत संघात्मक समाजवादी गणराज्य
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика
Sovereign state (1917–22)
Soviet Socialist Republic (1922–91)
De facto sovereign entity (1990–91)

1917–1991
Flag (1954–1991) State Emblem (1978–1992)
आदर्श वाक्य
Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Russian)
Proletarii vsekh stran, soyedinyaytes'! (transliteration)
"Workers of the world, unite!"
राष्ट्रीय गान
Worker's Marseillaise (1917–1918)
The Internationale (1918–1944)
National Anthem of the Soviet Union (1944–1990)
The Patriotic Song (1990–1991) - in Russian Federation (1992-1993)a
Extent of the Russian SFSR (red) within the Soviet Union
(red and white) following World War II (1956).
राजधानी Petrograd (1917–1918)
Moscow (March 1918 – 1991)[1]
भाषाएँ Russianb
शासन Federal Marxist-Leninist Soviet republic (1917-91)

Federal presidential Soviet republic (1991)

Head of state
 -  1917 (first) Lev Kamenevc
 -  1990–1991 (last) Boris Yeltsind
Head of government
 -  1917–1924 (first) Vladimir Lenine
 -  1990–1991 Ivan Silayevf
 -  1991 (last) Boris Yeltsing
विधानमंडल VTsIK / All-Russian Congress (1917–38)
Supreme Soviet (RSFSR) (1938–90)
Supreme Soviet (RSFSR) / Congress
of People's Deputies
(1990–91)
ऐतिहासिक युग World War I / Interwar period / World War II / Cold War
 -  October Revolution November 7, 1917
 -  Established November 9, 1917
 -  Admitted to the USSR December 30, 1922
 -  Sovereignty declared June 12, 1990
 -  Independence effective December 12, 1991
 -  Renamed Russian Federation December 25, 1991
 -  New Constitution December 12, 1993
आज इन देशों का हिस्सा है: Flag of Russia.svg Russia
Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine (Disputed)
Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus

साँचा:देश आँकड़े Kazakhstan (Becomes Kazakh SSR in 1936)
साँचा:देश आँकड़े Kyrgyzstan (Becomes Kyrgyz SSR in 1936)
Flag of Mongolia.svg Mongolia
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China

a. Remained the national anthem of Russia until 2000.
b. Official language in the courts from 1937.[2]
c. As Chairman of the VTsIK (All-Russian Central Executive Committee).
d. As Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, from May 29, 1990 to July 10, 1991, then as President of Russia.
e. As Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Russian SFSR
f. As Chairmen of the Council of Ministers – Government of the Russian SFSR
g. Served as acting head of government while President of Russia
Hero of the USSR Seven Hero City awards
The Russian Democratic Federative Republic existed briefly on January 19, 1918, but actual sovereignty was still in the hands of the Soviets even after the Russian Constituent Assembly opened its first and last session.[3]

रूसी सोवियत संघात्मक समाजवादी गणराज्य ('Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic' या 'Russian SFSR' या 'RSFSR'; रूसी : Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика, अनु० Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika ) जिसको 'सोवियत रूस' या केवल 'रूस' कहते हैं, [4] १९१७ से १९२२ तक एक संप्रभु राज्य था जो १९१७ से १९९१ तक सोवियत संघ का सबसे बड़ा, सबसे अधिक जनसंख्या वाला और आर्थिक रूप से सबसे उन्नत देश था।

रूसी सोवियत संघात्मक समाजवादी गणराज्य की स्थापना ७ नवम्बर १९१७ को रूस की अक्टूबर क्रांति के परिणामस्वरूप हुआ था।

सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

  1. LENINE'S MIGRATION A QUEER SCENE, Arthur Ransome for The New York Times, March 16, 1918.
  2. article 114 of the 1937 Constitution, article 171 of the 1978 Constitution
  3. Riasanovsky, Nicholas (2000). A History of Russia (sixth edition). Oxford University Press. पृ॰ 458. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 0-19-512179-1.
  4. Declaration of Rights of the laboring and exploited people (original VTsIK variant, III Congress revision), article I

इन्हें भी देखें[संपादित करें]