नीबू घास

मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
यहाँ जाएँ: भ्रमण, खोज
Lemongrass
Cymbopogon citratus
वैज्ञानिक वर्गीकरण
जगत (रेगन्म): Plantae
(अश्रेणिकृत डिवीज़न) Angiosperms
(अश्रेणिकृत) Monocots
(अश्रेणिकृत) Commelinids
गण (ऑर्डर): Poales
कुल (फैमिली): Poaceae
उपकुल (सबफैमिली): Panicoideae
ट्राइब: Andropogoneae
सबट्राइब: Andropogoninae
वंश (जीनस): Cymbopogon
Spreng.[1]
प्रकार जाति
Cymbopogon schoenanthus
(L.) Spreng.[2]
पर्याय
  • Andropogon sect. Cymbopogon (Spreng.) Steud.
  • Andropogon subg. Cymbopogon (Spreng.) Nees
  • Gymnanthelia Andersson

नीबू घास (Cymbopogon या lemongrass) घास परिवार का पादप है जो एशिया, अफ्रीका और आस्ट्रेलिया के उष्णकटिबन्धीय क्षेत्रों में पाया जाता है। [3][4][5][6]

चित्रावली[संपादित करें]

प्रजातियाँ[संपादित करें]

  1. Cymbopogon ambiguus Australian lemon-scented grass - Australia, Timor
  2. Cymbopogon annamensis - Yunnan, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand
  3. Cymbopogon bhutanicus - Bhutan
  4. Cymbopogon bombycinus silky oilgrass - Australia
  5. Cymbopogon caesius - Sub-Saharan Africa, Indian Subcontinent, Yemen, Afghanistan, Madagascar, Comoros, Réunion
  6. Cymbopogon calcicola - Thailand, Kedah
  7. Cymbopogon calciphilus - Thailand
  8. Cymbopogon cambogiensis - Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam
  9. Cymbopogon citratus lemon grass (साँचा:Zh-cp) - Sri Lanka, northeast and southern India, Southeast Asia
  10. Cymbopogon clandestinus - Thailand, Myanmar, Andaman Islands
  11. Cymbopogon coloratus - मध्य प्रदेश, तमिलनाडु, म्यांमार, वियतनाम
  12. Cymbopogon commutatus - Sahel, East Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, India, Pakistan
  13. Cymbopogon densiflorus - central + south-central Africa
  14. Cymbopogon dependens - Australia
  15. Cymbopogon dieterlenii - Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa
  16. Cymbopogon distans - Gansu, Guizhou, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan, Nepal, northern Pakistan, Jammu & Kashmir
  17. Cymbopogon exsertus - Nepal, Assam
  18. Cymbopogon flexuosus East Indian lemon grass - Indian Subcontinent, Indochina
  19. Cymbopogon gidarba - Indian Subcontinent, Myanmar, Yunnan
  20. Cymbopogon giganteus - Africa, Madagascar
  21. Cymbopogon globosus - Maluku, New Guinea, Queensland
  22. Cymbopogon goeringii - China incl Taiwan, Korea, Japan incl Ryukyu Islands, Vietnam
  23. Cymbopogon gratus - Queensland
  24. Cymbopogon jwarancusa - Socotra, Turkey, Middle East, Arabian Peninsula, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Indian Subcontinent, Tibet, Sichuan, Yunnan, Vietnam
  25. Cymbopogon khasianus - Yunnan, Guangxi, Assam, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand
  26. Cymbopogon liangshanensis - Sichuan
  27. Cymbopogon mandalaiaensis - Myanmar
  28. Cymbopogon marginatus - Cape Province of South Africa
  29. Cymbopogon martini palmarosa - Indian Subcontinent, Myanmar, Vietnam
  30. Cymbopogon mekongensis - China, Indochina
  31. Cymbopogon microstachys Indian Subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Yunnan
  32. Cymbopogon microthecus - Nepal, Bhutan, Assam, West Bengal, Bangladesh
  33. Cymbopogon minor - Yunnan
  34. Cymbopogon minutiflorus - Sulawesi
  35. Cymbopogon nardus citronella grass (In Thai language ตะไคร้หอม (ta-khrai hom) - Indian Subcontinent, Indochina, central + southern Africa, Madagascar, Seychelles
  36. Cymbopogon nervatus - Myanmar, Thailand, central Africa
  37. Cymbopogon obtectus Silky-heads - Australia
  38. Cymbopogon osmastonii - India, Bangladesh
  39. Cymbopogon pendulus - Yunnan, eastern Himalayas, Myanmar, Vietnam
  40. Cymbopogon polyneuros - Tamil Nadu, Sri Lanka, Myanmar
  41. Cymbopogon pospischilii - eastern + southern Africa, Oman, Yemen, Himalayas, Tibet, Yunnan
  42. Cymbopogon procerus - Australia, New Guinea, Maluku, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi
  43. Cymbopogon pruinosus - islands of Indian Ocean
  44. Cymbopogon queenslandicus - Queensland
  45. Cymbopogon quinhonensis - Vietnam
  46. Cymbopogon rectus - Lesser Sunda Islands, Java
  47. Cymbopogon refractus barbed wire grass - Australia incl Norfolk Island
  48. Cymbopogon schoenanthus camel hay or camel grass - Sahara, Sahel, eastern Africa, Arabian Peninsular, Iran
  49. Cymbopogon tortilis - China incl Taiwan, Ryukyu + Bonin Is, Philippines, Vietnam, Maluku
  50. Cymbopogon tungmaiensis - Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan
  51. Cymbopogon winterianus citronella grass - Borneo, Java, Sumatra
  52. Cymbopogon xichangensis - Sichuan
Formerly included[7]

Numerous species now regarded as better suited to other genera including Andropogon, Exotheca, Hyparrhenia, Iseilema, Schizachyrium, and Themeda.

इन्हें भी देखें[संपादित करें]

बाहरी कड़ियाँ[संपादित करें]

सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

  1. Sprengel, Curt (Kurt, Curtius) Polycarp Joachim 1815. Plantarum Minus Cognitarum Pugillus 2: 14
  2. lectotype designated by N.L. Britton & P. Wilson, Bot. Porto Rico 1: 27 (1923)
  3. Soenarko, S. 1977. The genus Cymbopogon Sprengel (Gramineae). Reinwardtia 9(3): 225–375
  4. Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 624 香茅属 xiang mao shu Cymbopogon Sprengel, Pl. Min. Cogn. Pug. 2: 14. 1815.
  5. Atlas of Living Australia, Cymbopogon Spreng., Lemon Grass
  6. Bor, N. L. 1960. Grass. Burma, Ceylon, India & Pakistan i–767. Pergamon Press, Oxford
  7. सन्दर्भ त्रुटि: <ref> का गलत प्रयोग; y नाम के संदर्भ में जानकारी नहीं है।