हल्के लिनक्स वितरण

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जुबुन्तु (Xubuntu) को उबन्तू की तुलना में 'हल्का' माना जाता है।

हल्के लिनक्स वितरण (light-weight Linux distribution) से आशय उन लिनक्स वितरणों से है जिनको चलाने के लिए सर्वगुणसम्पन्न (feature-rich) लिनक्स वितरणों की अपेक्षा कम स्मृति (मेमोरी) और कम प्रोसेसर-चाल आवश्यक होती हैं।

तुलना[संपादित करें]

वितरण आवश्यक न्यूनतम सिस्टम डेस्कटॉप / विण्डो मिनेजर किससे फोर्क किया गया पैकेज मैनेजर फाइल का आकार (लगभग) किसके लिए? अद्यतन संस्करण वर्ष रखरखाव कर्ता आरम्भ होने का वर्ष संस्थापक
ऐब्सोल्यूट लिनक्स
  • 486 processor
  • 64 MB RAM (1GB+ suggested)[1][2]
iceWM - 698 MB[3] desktop 2018 Absolute Linux Team 2007 Absolute Linux Team
Alpine Linux APK 8 MB (container), 130 MB (disk) Desktop 2018 Alpine Linux Development Team 2010 Members of the LEAF Project
antiX
  • Intel/AMD X86
  • 256 MB RAM[4]
IceWM, Fluxbox, JWM MEPIS < Debian Synaptic[5] 555 MB (Base), 654 MB (Full), 128 (Core) Desktop, portability (with persistence [6]) 2018 Anticapitalista 2007 Anticapitalista
BasicLinux [7][8] (†)
  • 386 CPU
  • 3 MB RAM [9]
JWM window manager BusyBox --Slackware 2.8 MB (floppy) Desktop 2005 (v3.5) 2000 Steven C. Darnold NZ
Bodhi Linux[10]
  • 500 MHz processor
  • 128 MB of RAM [11]
  • 4 GB of drive space
Moksha (a fixed E17) Ubuntu < Debian APT 575 MB (Standard), 1024 MB (AppPack) Desktop 2018 Bodhi Linux Team 2011 Bodhi Linux Team
BunsenLabs Linux
  • RAM (2017): 256 MB[12]
OpenBox Debian Stable 825 MB Desktop 2018 Core Maintainers 2015 Core Maintainers
Damn Small Linux
  • CPU: 486dx
  • RAM: 8 MB[13]
Fluxbox, JWM - APT (optional)[14] 50 MB Desktop 2008 2005 John Andrews, et al.
CRUX OpenBox - 1773 MB BSD/ experienced users, Lightweight 2018 Core maintainers 2002 Per Lidén
GoboLinux
  • x86_64 processor
  • 128 MB RAM (1 GB+ suggested for full graphical use)[16]
Awesome - 958 MB[17] desktop 2017 GoboLinux Team 2003 Hisham Muhammad and André Detsch
Knoppix
  • 486 CPU
  • 32 MB RAM (text)
  • 128 MB RAM (LXDE)
  • 512 MB RAM (recommended)[18]
LXDE - 701 MB Live 2018 2000 Klaus Knopper
LinuxBBQ
  • RAM (2017[19]): 256 MB
several (>75) Debian, Slackware 417 MB Desktop 2018 BBQ team 2013 Julius Hader
Lightweight Portable Security ? iceWM ArchLinux 390 MB Secure live operating system 2017 United States Department of Defense 2011 United States Department of Defense
Linux Lite
  • RAM (2017[20]): 256 MB
  • 8 GByte disk space
XFCE Ubuntu APT 955 MB Desktop (Windows users) 2018 Jerry Bezencon 2013 Jerry Bezencon
Lubuntu
  • CPU: 386 or Pentium
  • RAM: (2017[21]) 256 to 512 MB
LXDE Ubuntu APT 916 MB lightweight desktop 2018 Lubuntu team 2009 Lubuntu team
LXLE
  • CPU (2017): Pentium III
  • RAM (2017[22]): 512 MB
LXDE Ubuntu LTS APT 1300 MB older computers, intermediate users 2016 LXLE team 2012 Ronnie
MX Linux [23]
  • CPU: 486
  • RAM (2016[24]): 512 MB
Xfce 4 antiX < MEPIS < Debian APT 1024 MB Midweight Desktop 2018 MEPIS Community - anticapitalista
Nanolinux
  • CPU: 486
  • RAM (2017[25]): 64 MB
SLWM on Nano-X Tiny core linux.[26] MicroCore Linux with BusyBox. 19 MB Lightweight, Runs on RAM, advanced 2015 Georg Potthast - Georg Potthast
OpenWrt
  • CPU: x86 and over 50 router platforms
  • RAM (2018[27]): 32 MB (64 MB recommended)
None (headless server) - Includes LuCI[28] admin UI - opkg 6 MB SOHO Routers 2018 OpenWrt developers 2004
PCLinuxOS
  • CPU: 64 bits (from 2016)
  • RAM (2017): 512 MB[29]
KDE, LXDE, MATE Mandrake 833 MB (LXDE)[30] Live 2018 Bill Reynolds 2003 Bill Reynolds
Peppermint Linux OS
  • x86 processor
  • 512 MB RAM (v6 2015. 2 GB recommended)[31]
LXDE Lubuntu APT 1332 MB desktop 2017 Peppermint, LLC 2010 Peppermint, LLC
Porteus
  • 32 bit CPU
  • 36 MB RAM[32]
(multiple) Slackware 260 MB (LxQt) lightweight, portable (with persistence [6]) 2018 Porteus 2010 Fanthom
Puppy Linux
  • RAM (2017[33]): 256 MB
JWM-2.3.2 - PPM (Puppy Package Manager) 234 MB (Slacko)[34] portable (with persistence [6]), lightweight [35] 2017 Puppy Foundation 2003 Barry Kauler
Salix OS ? MATE, KDE, Xfce, Fluxbox, Openbox Slackware 613 MB (Fluxbox), 852 MB (MATE live)[36] desktop 2016 Tomas Matejicek 2002 Tomas Matejicek
Slax
  • RAM (2017[37]): 128 MB without web browser
KDE until Version < 9 / Fluxbox since Version 9 Slackware until Version < 9 / Debian since Version 9 226 MB[38] portable 2018 Tomas Matejicek 2002 Tomas Matejicek
SliTaz
  • RAM (2017[39]): 24 MB (loram-cdrom), 128 MB (loram),
Openbox - Tazpkg 50 MB Portable. Live (No persistence by default) [40] 2018 dev team 2008 Christophe Lincoln
Tiny Core Linux
  • CPU: 486dx
  • RAM: 46 MB[41]
FLTK/FLWM Tiny Core Linux 11 MB (Core), 16 MB (TinyCore), 106 MB (CorePlus) portable, advanced 2018 Team Tiny Core 2009 Robert Shingledecker
Trisquel Mini
  • Pentium II CPU
  • 256 MB RAM[42]
LXDE Ubuntu LTS APT 609 MB Free software: desktop 2018 Rubén Rodríguez Pérez (quidam) 2005 Rubén Rodríguez Pérez (quidam)
TurnKey Linux Virtual Appliance Library
  • RAM (2017[43]): 256 MB
None (headless server) - Includes Webmin admin UI Debian (a minified base[44]) 212 MB (Core) Lightweight headless server[45] 2018 TurnKey Linux Team 2008 Alon Swartz, Liraz Siri
VectorLinux Light
  • RAM: 64 MB (Light edition), 96 (Standard edition), 256 (Live edition)[46])
Several / IceWM Slackware 618 MB Desktop 2017 - 2001 ? -
Void Linux
  • Pentium 4 (SSE2) or ARMv6
  • 96 MB RAM
  • 350MB hard drive[47]
Enlightenment, Cinnamon, LXDE, LxQt, MATE, XFCE or none [48] - XBPS 250MB (i686 w/o DE) Desktop/ embedded 2018 Juan RP and contributors 2008 Juan Romero Pardines
Xubuntu
  • RAM (2017): 512 MB[49]
Xfce Ubuntu APT 960 MB lightweight desktop 2018 Xubuntu team 2008 Xubuntu team
Zenwalk ? Xfce Slackware 974 MB desktop 2018 dev team 2004 Jean-Philippe Guillemin
Distribution Minimum system requirements Desktop Environment / Window Manager Fork Package manager Approximate file size Target audience Latest release year Maintainer Initial release year Founder

सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

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  2. "The Slackware Linux Project: Installation Help". Slackware.com. अभिगमन तिथि 2016-10-27.
  3. "absolute linux home page". Absolutelinux.org.
  4. "Main Page - antiX". antix.mepis.org. अभिगमन तिथि 2016-10-27.
  5. "Main Page – antiX". Antix.mepis.org. अभिगमन तिथि 2012-05-28.
  6. "What is Persistent Linux". Pendrivelinux.com.
  7. Keesan, Sindhi (October 2009). "BL on CF IDE drive". मूल से 9 October 2011 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 16 January 2011.
  8. BasicLinux (n.d.). "BasicLinux". अभिगमन तिथि 16 January 2011.
  9. "BasicLinux". distro.ibiblio.org.
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  12. "BunsenLabs Linux :: Installation". Bunsenlabs.org.
  13. "Minimum Hardware Requirements - DSL Wiki". damnsmalllinux.org. अभिगमन तिथि 2016-10-27.
  14. Damn Small Linux. "What is DSL?". Damnsmalllinux.org. अभिगमन तिथि 11 December 2010.
  15. "3. Installing CRUX". Crux.nu. अभिगमन तिथि 20 July 2018.
  16. "GoboLinux 016 Release Notes". Gobolinux.org. अभिगमन तिथि 2016-12-30.
  17. "GoboLinux download page". Gobolinux.org.
  18. "KNOPPIX - Live Linux Filesystem On CD". Knopper.net.
  19. "Get Roasted!". linuxbbq.org.
  20. Bezencon, Jerry. "Linux Download - Download Linux Lite Free Linux Operating System". Linuxliteos.com.
  21. "Lubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) Released! - Lubuntu". lubuntu.me.
  22. "requirements - LXLE Linux Wiki". wiki.lxle.net.
  23. "MX Linux". मूल से 2016-03-22 को पुरालेखित.
  24. "MX Linux Users Manual". mxlinux.org.
  25. "Nanolinux / Wiki / Home". sourceforge.net.
  26. "Softpedia". अभिगमन तिथि 25 January 2014.
  27. "OpenWrt Buyer's guide". openwrt.org.
  28. "Luci". openwrt.org.
  29. "About PCLinuxOS » PCLinuxOS". Pclinuxos.com.
  30. "Index of /communityiso/LXDE". Communityiso.pclosusers.com.
  31. "1. Download and Install". Peppermint, LLC. अभिगमन तिथि November 10, 2016.
  32. "Features - Porteus - Portable Linux". Porteus.org. अभिगमन तिथि 2016-10-27.
  33. "PuppyLinux: Minimum System Requirements". Puppylinux.org.
  34. "Index of /puppylinux/puppy-slacko-6.3.0/64/". Distro.ibiblio.org.
  35. Hell-Noire, Paul (July 2010). "Puppy Linux 5.0 Review - Lightweight, Fun, Fast!". Raymond. मूल से July 11, 2010 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 11 December 2010.
  36. "Salix Downloads". Salixos.org.
  37. "Introduction - Slax Linux". Slax.org.
  38. Tomas M. "Download - Slax Linux". Slax.org.
  39. Lincoln, Christophe. "SliTaz LiveCD Flavors". Slitaz.org.
  40. persistence can be added rather easily though
  41. "Tiny Core Linux Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)". Tinycorelinux.net. अभिगमन तिथि 2016-10-27.
  42. "Lubuntu - Ubuntu Wiki". wiki.ubuntu.com. अभिगमन तिथि 2016-10-27.
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  45. "TurnKey Linux 13 Has Been Released!". Unixmen. अभिगमन तिथि 2016-06-08.
  46. "VectorLinux Editions — VectorLinux.com". vectorlinux.com.
  47. "Live Images - Void Linux Wiki". wiki.voidlinux.eu.
  48. "Enter the void - Downloads". Voidlinux.eu.
  49. community, The Xubuntu. "System Requirements « Xubuntu". xubuntu.org.

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