नेविगेशन पर जाएँ खोज पर जाएँ
चुडासमा अथवा चूड़ासमा भारतीय राज्य गुजरात में पाये जाने वाला अहीर समुदाय है जो मूल रूप से सिंध के यादव (अभीरों) के वंशज हैं। उन्हें अहीर राणा भी कहा जाता है।  अहीर भगवान कृष्ण की प्राचीन यादव जाति के वंशज हैं और वे क्षत्रिय हैं। कुछ विद्वान चूड़ासमा को जाडेजा व देवगिरि के यादवों की तरह आभीर ही मानते हैं।
भारतीय मानवविज्ञान सर्वेक्षण द्वारा किये गये स्रोतों से पता चलता है कि उनका उद्भव सम्मा अहीर जाति से हुआ जो सम्भवतः तुर्क क्षेत्र से हैं और इसका भारत में आगमन सातवीं एवं आठवीं शताब्दी में हुआ। वर्तमान में ये लोग कच्छ, जुनागढ़ और जामनगर जिलों में निवास करते हैं।
इन्हें भी देखें[संपादित करें]
- ↑ Congress, Indian History (1953). The Proceedings of the Indian History Congress (अंग्रेज़ी में).
This Abhira family is identified by some scholars with the Cūḍāsamā tribe.
- ↑ Majumdar, Ramesh Chandra (1964). Ancient India (अंग्रेज़ी में). Motilal Banarsidass.
The Abhiras grew very powerful during the reign of Graharipu in the middle of the 10th century A.D. He had his capital at Vāmanasthali, now represented by Abhiras the village Vanthali, 9 miles west of Junagadh.
- ↑ Tambs-Lyche, Harald (1996-12-31). Power, Profit, and Poetry: Traditional Society in Kathiawar, Western India (अंग्रेज़ी में). Manohar Publishers & Distributors. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-81-7304-176-1.
- ↑ Reginald Edward Enthoven (1990). The Tribes and Castes of Bombay, Volume 1. Asian Educational Services. पृ॰ 25. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 9788120606302.
- ↑ Sailendra Nath Sen (1 January 1999). Ancient Indian History and Civilization. New Age International. पृ॰ 344. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-81-224-1198-0. अभिगमन तिथि 3 January 2011.
The Abhiras began to rule in Southern and western Sourashtra from the second half of the 10th century A.D their capital was vamanshtali, modern vanthali nine miles west of Junagadh. They became very powerful during the reign of Graharipu who defeated the Saindhavas and the Chaulukyas.
- ↑ Thapar, Romila (2008). Somanatha: The Many Voices of a History (अंग्रेज़ी में). Penguin Books India. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-0-14-306468-8.
- ↑ The History and Culture of the Indian People: The age of imperial Kanauj (अंग्रेज़ी में). G. Allen & Unwin. 1951.
- ↑ Enthoven, Reginald Edward (1990). The Tribes and Castes of Bombay (अंग्रेज़ी में). Asian Educational Services. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-81-206-0630-2.
- ↑ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency ... (अंग्रेज़ी में). Printed at the Government Central Press. 1901.
- ↑ Division, Publications. THE GAZETTEER OF INDIA Volume 2 (अंग्रेज़ी में). Publications Division Ministry of Information & Broadcasting. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-81-230-2265-9.
- ↑ Rajan, K. V. Soundara (1985). Junagadh (अंग्रेज़ी में). Archaeological Survey of India.
The Chudasama dynasty, originally of Abhira clan from Sind wielded great influence around Junagadh from the 875 A.D. onwards when they consolidated themselves at Vanthali (ancient Vamanasthali) close to Girnar under their-King Ra Chuda.
- ↑ Gazetteer Of Bombay Vol. I. History Of Gujarat ( Gazetteer Of Bombay Vol. I).
Doctor Bhagvanlal held that the Chudasamas were originally of the Abhira tribe, as their traditions attest connection with the Abhiras and as the description of Graharipu one of their kings by Hemachandra in his DvydaSraya points to his being of some local tribe and not of any ancient Rajput lineage. Further in their bardic traditions as well as in popular stories the Chudasamas are still commonly called Ahera-ranas. The position of Aberia in Ptolemy (A.D. 150) seems to show that in the second century the Ahirs were settled between Sindh and the Panjab. Similarly it may be suggested that Jadeja is a corruption of Jaudheja which in turn comes from Yaudheya (the change of y to j being very common) who in Kshatrapa Inscriptions appear as close neighbours of the Ahirs. After the fall of the Valabhis (A.D. 775) the Yaudheyas seem to have established themselves in Kacch and the Ahirs settled and made conquests in Kathiavada.
- ↑ SurvaVanshi, Bhagwansingh (1962). Abhiras their history and culture.
Hemachandra in his Dvyasrayakavya mentions Graharipu, as a mighty Abhira-Chudasama king of Saurashtra. The Chudasama kings are described as Abhiras by Merutungacharya.
- ↑ Soni, Lok Nath (2000). The Cattle and the Stick: An Ethnographic Profile of the Raut of Chhattisgarh (अंग्रेज़ी में). Anthropological Survey of India, Government of India, Ministry of Tourism and Culture, Department of Culture. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-81-85579-57-3.
the Abhira were divided into thirty-six lineage groups. It has also been described in 'Nagvansa' written by Pradyumn Singh (quoted by Singh 1945), as thirty-six' Kuris. It shows that the Abhira are the Kshatriya and were called both Kshatriya and Rajput. the Yadubansi Kshatriyas were originally Ahirs". In the old literature thirty-six sections of the Kshatriya caste have been mentioned'. Chand Bardai, a Kshatriya, was one of the eminent persons in the Prithviraj Chauhan's cabinet and a well-known poet, who has written "Prithviraj Raso". At one place, he has mentioned the 'Abhira' as a section of the Kshatriya caste. The above writings show that the Abhira is a section of Kshatriya caste. This is also confirmed by Shakti Sangam Tantra which says "Those who are begotten by king Ahuk, are Abhira". Jati Vivekadhyayo also confirms this conception and mentions that "those who are born in the Ahuk lineage, are called Abhira".
- ↑ Lal, R. B. (2003). Gujarat (अंग्रेज़ी में). Popular Prakashan. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-81-7991-104-4.
- ↑ "The Glory that was Gūrjaradeśa, Volume 2". Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, 1943. पृ॰ 136. अभिगमन तिथि 8 Nov 2006.
- ↑ Lyche, Harald Tambs (2002). "Townsmen, Tenants and Tribes: War, Wildness and Wilderness in the Traditional Politics of Western India". प्रकाशित Ratha, S. N.; Pfeffer, Georg; Behera, Deepak Kumar (संपा॰). Contemporary Society: Concept of Tribal Society. Concept Publishing Company. पपृ॰ 189–190. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-8-17022-983-4. अभिगमन तिथि 2012-05-21.
- ↑ सिंग, कुमार सुरेश; लाल, राजेन्द्र बेहड़ी (2003). Gujarat, Part 3. People of India. XXII. मुम्बई: पोप्यूलर प्रकाशन. पृ॰ 1174. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-8-17991-106-8. मूल से 29 नवंबर 2014 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 14 अप्रैल 2016.
- ↑ State), Bombay (India : (1959-01-01). Bombay Government Gazette (अंग्रेज़ी में).सीएस1 रखरखाव: फालतू चिह्न (link)