औषधीय पादपों की सूची

मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
चित्र जिसमें भिन्न प्रकार की औषधीय पादप है
जाति (Species) सामान्य नाम दावा (Claim) साक्ष्य[1] Compendial status
Acanthopanax gracilistylus Prickly ginseng, Wujiapi[2] Aids digestion, cures hepatitis C, lowers blood pressure, increases stamina.[3]
Achillea millefolium Yarrow Eaten to counter poisoning, but must be eaten quickly [उद्धरण चाहिए]
Agaricus subrufescens Agaricus blazei May enhance immune system and have anti-cancer properties (Reviewed by Hetland)[4] Positive/Inconclusive[4]
Allium sativum[5] Garlic Antibiotic (in vitro)/stops infectionNicole Johnston (2002). "Garlic: a natural antibiotic". Modern Drug Discovery. 5 (4). मूल से 17 अगस्त 2007 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 14 दिसंबर 2009.</ref>[6][7][8][9]
Cardiovascular health inconclusive[10]
Aloe ferox WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants - Volume 1[11]
Anethum graveolens Dill and Dill oil used to soothe the stomach after meals
Amorphophallus konjac Konjac Atopic dermatitis positive[12]
high cholesterol positive[13]
Aquilaria agollocha Eaglewood
Artemisia annua L. Sweet sagewort Help to prevent the development of parasite resistance,it also has anti-malarial properties, and has anti-cancer properties
Artemisia absinthium L. Wormwood
Aristolochia rotunda Smearwort
Arum Maculatum Lords and Ladies
Astragalus membranaceus Astragalus[5]
Cannabis Sativa L. Cannabis, Cannabis sativa, Marijuana, Hashish Pain relief, hunger stimulation, wasting caused by HIV/AIDS, Glaucoma, nausea
Citrus aurantium ssp. bergamia Bergamot orange Malaria[14]
Crataegus spp. L. Hawthorn Nervous tension
Cydonia oblonga Quince[15]
Cymbopogon flexuosus Lemon grass[15]
Cymbopogon schoenanthus Fever grass[5]
Digitalis lanata Digitalis, Balkan Foxglove Antiarrhythmic agent and inotrope positive[16][17]
Echinacea purpurea Purple coneflower, and other species of Echinacea Reduce the severity and duration of symptoms associated with cold and flu. inconclusive[18]
Glycyrrhiza glabra Liquorice
Hydrastis canadensis Goldenseal Antimicrobial[19]
Hypericum perforatum St. John's wort Antidepressant positive[20]
Kaempferia galanga Galanga resurrectionlily, Shannai[15]
Marrubium vulgare Horehound Expectorant
Matricaria recutita
(Chamomilla recutita)
Chamomile Relaxant/Calmative
Mentha × piperita Peppermint Irritable Bowel Syndrome/Peristalsis WHO monographs on selected medicinal plants Volume 2[22]
Nepeta cataria Catnip Soothes coughs
Panax Ginseng[23]
Papaver somniferum Opium Poppy Pain relief. Morphine made from the refined and modified sap is used for pain control in terminal patients. Dried sap was used as a traditional medicine until the 19th century.
Passiflora spp. Passion-flower Insomnia
Phytolacca spp. Pokeweed Topical: acne
Internal: tonsilitis
Plantago spp. Plantain and Psyllium Astringent
Salvia Stenophylla Blue Mountain Sage
Poppiocious seediouphylla Poppy seeds Helps sleeping/relieves pain
Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary[5]
Symphytum officinale Comfrey mends broken bones/stops infection
Tanacetum parthenium
(Chrysanthemum parthenium)
Feverfew Relieves Migranes, helps fevers and chills
Taraxacum officinale Dandelion Digestive
Tilia spp. Lime Blossom
Urtica dioica Urtica dioica
Valeriana officinalis Valerian Sedative
Verbascum thapsus Mullein boosts the Immune system, antispasmodic, diuretic, anodyne, and demulcent[24] Used to treat coughs, (protracted) colds, hemoptysis, catarrh, dysentery, diarrhoea and as a general tonic (like ginseng) to boost the immune system
Zingiberis Rhizoma Ginger can help ease nausea from chemotherapy[25] JP XV[26]

इन्हें भी देखेँ[संपादित करें]

टिप्पणी[संपादित करें]

  1. Evidence that supports a given indication for a plant is marked 'positive'. Evidence that fails to support a given indication is marked 'negative'. Evidence that neither supports nor denies a given effect is marked 'inconclusive'.
  2. Therapeutic Goods Administration. "Approved Terminology for Medicines" (PDF). मूल (PDF) से 22 मई 2006 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 9 जून 2009.
  3. Rogers, Stan. "What are the Real Benefits of Ginseng Supplements?". गायब अथवा खाली |url= (मदद); |access-date= दिए जाने पर |url= भी दिया जाना चाहिए (मदद)
  4. Hetland G, Johnson E, Lyberg T, Bernardshaw S, Tryggestad AM, Grinde B (2008). "Effects of the medicinal mushroom Agaricus blazei Murill on immunity, infection and cancer". Scand J Immunol. 68 (4): 363–70. PMID 18782264. डीओआइ:10.1111/j.1365-3083.2008.02156.x.सीएस1 रखरखाव: एक से अधिक नाम: authors list (link)
  5. Therapeutic Goods Administration. "TGA Approved Terminology for Medicines - Herbal substances index ..." (PDF). मूल (PDF) से 7 अप्रैल 2005 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 4 जून 2009.
  6. Anand Prakash, Jagadiswari Rao (1997). Botanical pesticides in agriculture. CRC Press. USA. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 0873718259.
  7. Cai Y, Wang R, Pei F, Liang BB (2007). "Antibacterial activity of allicin alone and in combination with beta-lactams against Staphylococcus spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa". J. Antibiot. 60 (5): 335–8. PMID 17551215. डीओआइ:10.1038/ja.2007.45.सीएस1 रखरखाव: एक से अधिक नाम: authors list (link)
  8. Eja ME, Asikong BE, Abriba C, Arikpo GE, Anwan EE, Enyi-Idoh KH (2007). "A comparative assessment of the antimicrobial effects of garlic (Allium sativum) and antibiotics on diarrheagenic organisms". Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health. 38 (2): 343–8. PMID 17539285.सीएस1 रखरखाव: एक से अधिक नाम: authors list (link)
  9. Tessema B, Mulu A, Kassu A, Yismaw G (2006). "An in vitro assessment of the antibacterial effect of garlic (Allium sativum) on bacterial isolates from wound infections". Ethiop. Med. J. 44 (4): 385–9. PMID 17370439.सीएस1 रखरखाव: एक से अधिक नाम: authors list (link)
  10. The proposed cardiovascular benefits of garlic have been the subject of significant clinical research, with sometimes conflicting results. At present, any clinical benefit in terms of cardiovascular health remains unconfirmed. See:
    • Rahman K, Lowe GM (2006). "Garlic and cardiovascular disease: a critical review". J. Nutr. 136 (3 Suppl): 736S–740S. PMID 16484553.
    • Gardner CD, Lawson LD, Block E; एवं अन्य (2007). "Effect of raw garlic vs commercial garlic supplements on plasma lipid concentrations in adults with moderate hypercholesterolemia: a randomized clinical trial". Arch. Intern. Med. 167 (4): 346–53. PMID 17325296. डीओआइ:10.1001/archinte.167.4.346. Explicit use of et al. in: |author= (मदद)सीएस1 रखरखाव: एक से अधिक नाम: authors list (link)
  11. World Health Organization. "WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants - Volume 1". मूल से 29 मई 2009 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 1 जून 2009.
  12. Kimata H (2006). "Improvement of atopic dermatitis and reduction of skin allergic responses by oral intake of konjac ceramide". Pediatr Dermatol. 23 (4): 386–9. PMID 16918640. डीओआइ:10.1111/j.1525-1470.2006.00268.x.
  13. Chen HL, Sheu WH, Tai TS, Liaw YP, Chen YC (2003). "Konjac supplement alleviated hypercholesterolemia and hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetic subjects--a randomized double-blind trial". J Am Coll Nutr. 22 (1): 36–42. PMID 12569112.सीएस1 रखरखाव: एक से अधिक नाम: authors list (link)
  14. Krippner, Stanley; Ashwin Budden, Michael Bova, Roberto Galante (September 2004). "The Indigenous Healing Tradition in Calabria, Italy". Proceedings of the Annual Conference for the Study of Shamanism and Alternative Modes of Healing. San Francisco, California: Chair for Consciousness Studies at Saybrook Graduate School and Research Center. मूल से 10 अप्रैल 2012 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 10 फ़रवरी 2009.सीएस1 रखरखाव: एक से अधिक नाम: authors list (link)
  15. Therapeutic Goods Administration. "TGA Approved Terminology for Medicines - Herbal substances AAN list" (PDF). मूल (PDF) से 6 दिसंबर 2005 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 4 जून 2009.
  16. Lip GYH, Watson RDS, Singh SP (1995). "ABC of atrial fibrillation: drugs for atrial fibrillation". British Medical Journal. 311: 1631–1634.सीएस1 रखरखाव: एक से अधिक नाम: authors list (link)
  17. Note: Digitalis use in the United States is controlled by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and can only be prescribed by a physician. Misuse can cause death
  18. Roxas M, Jurenka J (2007). "Colds and influenza: a review of diagnosis and conventional, botanical, and nutritional considerations". Alternative medicine review : a journal of clinical therapeutic. 12 (1): 25–48. PMID 17397266.
  19. Hwang BY, Roberts SK, Chadwick LR et al. (2003). "Antimicrobial constituents from goldenseal (the Rhizomes of Hydrastic canadensis) against selected oral pathogens." Planta Med. 69:623-627.
  20. Gaster B, Holroyd J (2000). "St John's Wort for depression: a systematic review". Archives of Internal Medicine. 160 (2): 152–6. PMID 10647752. डीओआइ:10.1001/archinte.160.2.152.
  21. Davidson, J; एवं अन्य (2002). "Effect of Hypericum perforatum (St John's Wort) in major depressive disorder". Journal of the American Medical Association. 287 (14): 1807–1814. PMID 11939866. डीओआइ:10.1001/jama.287.14.1807. Explicit use of et al. in: |author= (मदद)
  22. World Health Organization. "WHO monographs on selected medicinal plants Volume 2" (PDF). मूल (PDF) से 18 जून 2009 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 3 जून 2009.
  23. World Health Organization. "WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants - Volume 1". मूल से 21 जून 2009 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 9 जून 2009.
  24. Mullein properties and uses Archived 2009-12-06 at the Wayback Machine Herbalremedies.com
  25. "Ginger quells nausea from chemotherapy cbcnews.ca". मूल से 18 मई 2009 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 18 मई 2009.
  26. "The Japanese Pharmacopoeia Fifteenth Edition". मूल से 9 अप्रैल 2008 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 17 मई 2008.

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