क्षेत्रीय विवादों की सूची

मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
यहाँ जाएँ: भ्रमण, खोज

यह विश्व में प्रचलित क्षेत्रिय विवादों कि सूची है। बोल्ड दर्शित करता है:- दावेदार का पूर्ण नियँत्रण; इटैलिक्स दर्शाता है, दावेदार का आँशिक नियँत्रण।

जो राज्य एक दूसरे को मान्यता देते हैँ, उनके बीच विवाद[संपादित करें]

अफ्रिका एवँ पड़ोसी क्षेत्रों के[संपादित करें]

दोनों अमरिका में[संपादित करें]

एशिया एवँ प्रशांत महासागर क्षेत्र में[संपादित करें]

युरोप में[संपादित करें]

580px|thumb|Territorial disputes in Europe (red: Disputes involving states that recognize each other, pink: Disputes involving parties that each have some territory under control but do not recognize each other)

एक राज्य एवँ उपराज्य स्वायत्तता के बीच[संपादित करें]

विवाद जिनमें दोनों पक्षों के पास कुछ क्षेत्र हैं, परंतु एक दूसरे को मान्यता नहीं देते[संपादित करें]

See also: wikt:List of unrecognized countries

यथाविधि पूर्ण विवाद[संपादित करें]

See also wikt:demilitarized zone

अंटार्कटिका[संपादित करें]

The wikt:Antarctic Treaty System, formed on wikt:1 December wikt:1959 and entered into force on wikt:23 June wikt:1961, establishes the legal framework for the management of wikt:Antarctica and provides administration for the continent, which is carried out through consultative member meetings. It freezes the territorial claims of all signatories (all claimants have acceded) for as long as the treaty is in force. However, it is not a final settlement; parties can choose to withdraw from the System at any time. Furthermore, only a minority of states have signed it, and it is not formally sanctioned by the wikt:United Nations. Thus, Antarctica remains the only part of the planet any (non-signatory) state can still lay claim to as wikt:terra nullius (on the grounds of it not having been part of any existing state's legal and effective territory).

बाहरी मंगोलिया[संपादित करें]

When the wikt:Constitution of the Republic of China was adopted on wikt:25 December wikt:1947, the wikt:Republic of China did recognize the statehood of the wikt:Mongolian People's Republic with Soviet pressure. After the wikt:UN General Assembly Resolution 505 was passed in 1952, the Republic of China withdrew such a recognition in 1953 and therefore claimed wikt:Greater Mongolia including wikt:Outer Mongolia.

On wikt:26 November wikt:1993, the wikt:Judicial Yuan of the Republic of China in its Interpretation 328 called the constitutional territory beyond the reach of judicial review and thus avoided the question as whether Mongolia should be considered the constitutional territory of the Republic of China.[21]

The Republic of China has once again recognized the statehood of wikt:Mongolia in 2002 (but still claiming wikt:Tannu Uriankhai administered by Russia), thus freezing the territorial claim, but as the Constitution of the Republic of China still mentions Mongolia in Article 119 that has not been superseded by the Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China, there are different opinions as to whether such a recognition is constitutional. Despite these, the Yearbook of the Republic of China 2003 Version published by the wikt:Government Information Office does claim Outer Mongolia.[22]

thumb|Map of the Republic of China (now based in Taiwan) with various territorial disputes

नोट[संपादित करें]

Over 1.5% of the world's population live in an area disputed by two (or more) countries that are members of the wikt:United Nations. This rises to around 25% when the areas and regions where territorial claims are made by two or more parties that do not recognize each other is included, although much of this comes from the wikt:Republic of China's claim to wikt:mainland China.

Disputes between a state and a secessionist group with no territorial control[संपादित करें]

सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

  1. उदाहरणार्थ यूनाइटेड किंगडम के घटक देश (इंग्लैंड, उत्तरी आयरलैंड, स्कॉटलैंड और वेल्स)।
  2. Field Listing - Disputes - international, wikt:CIA World Factbook
  3. http://afraf.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/97/389/551
  4. http://web.archive.org/web/20060203050248/http://www.iht.com/articles/2006/01/31/news/spain.php
  5. http://www.middle-east-info.org/league/algeria/algeria.htm
  6. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb3120/is_200407/ai_n7779206
  7. http://archive.is/20120710011840/findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_pwwi/is_199912/ai_mark07990948
  8. Compte rendu du déplacement d'une délégation du groupe interparlementaire France-Afrique centrale au Gabon, en Guinée équatoriale et à Sao Tomé-et-Principe, parliamentary report of the wikt:French Senate, 2003.
  9. http://web.archive.org/web/20060203050248/http://www.iht.com/articles/2006/01/31/news/spain.php
  10. http://afraf.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/97/389/551
  11. UNAM
  12. Yahoo News
  13. Google search
  14. The Republic of China (ROC) now based in Taiwan is involved in territorial disputes with many countries near China while not recognized by any of them due to having no diplomatic relations. The ROC recognizes neither the People's Republic of China (PRC) nor its border agreements or treaties with any other countries while Article 4 of the wikt:Constitution of the Republic of China states that "The territory of the Republic of China according to its existing national boundaries shall not be altered except by resolution of the National Assembly." Section 5 of Article 4 of the Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China now overrides this provision.
  15. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea administers North Korea, but Article 1 of the [[wikt:s:Constitution of North Korea (1972)|]] reads: "The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is an independent socialist State representing the interests of all the Korean people." The Republic of Korea administers South Korea, but Article 3 of the [[wikt:s:Constitution of South Korea|]]reads : "The territory of the Republic of Korea shall consist of the Korean peninsula and its adjacent islands."
  16. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea) do not recognize each other. सन्दर्भ त्रुटि: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Korea" defined multiple times with different content
  17. Status of Wrangel and Other Arctic Islands U.S. Department of State Fact Sheet on Wrangel Island
  18. Relinquished by the People's Republic of China but still claimed by the Republic of China.
  19. Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China, Article 9, Section 2
  20. Constitution of the People's Republic of China, Preamble
  21. Judicial Yuan Interpretation 328 translated by Professor J. P. Fa
  22. (चीनी) Yearbook of the Republic of China 2003 Version (中華民國年鑑『 九十二年版 』): The land of the Mainland Area

इन्हें भी देखें[संपादित करें]

Disputed or occupied territories