साँचा:ज्ञानसन्दूक फ़िल्म

मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
यहाँ जाएँ: भ्रमण, खोज
प्रलेखन प्रतीक साँचा प्रलेखन[देखें] [संपादन] [इतिहास] [पर्ज]

{{Infobox film}} is used to list at-a-glance comparative information about a particular motion picture.

Usage[संपादित करें]

The infobox may be added by pasting the template as shown below into an article, typically at the top of an article above the lead section.

{{Infobox film
| name           = 
| image          = 
| image_size     = 
| border         = 
| alt            = 
| caption        = 
| film name      = 
| director       = 
| producer       = 
| writer         = 
| screenplay     = 
| story          = 
| based on       = <!-- {{based on|title of the original work|writer of the original work}} -->
| narrator       = 
| starring       = 
| music          = 
| cinematography = 
| editing        = 
| studio         = 
| distributor    = 
| released       = <!-- {{Film date|Year|Month|Day|Location}} -->
| runtime        = 
| country        = 
| language       = 
| budget         = 
| gross          = 
}}

Parameters[संपादित करें]

All parameters are optional.

Parameter Explanation
italic title set to no if the title of the article should not be automatically italicised (for instance, if the title has a disambiguation clause).
name Insert the full common name of the film (defaults to {{PAGENAME}} if empty).
image Insert a relevant image for the film. Ideally this should be a film poster, but a DVD/VHS cover, screenshot, or other film-related image may also be used. Only use the actual file name, i.e. |image=Forrest Gump poster.jpg. See #Image for further guidelines.
image_size The infobox uses frameless which automatically resizes images to a default width of 220px unless the full size of the image is smaller. Logged in users can change the default width by clicking on "my preferences" and changing the thumbnail size under the "Appearance" tab (see Help:Preferences). This parameter should not normally be used.
border Inserting yes here will result in a 1px grey border around the image, useful for instances where the image and the background will blend together (such as a film poster with a white background). If no border is necessary, this parameter should not be used.
alt Alt text for the image. See WP:ALT. This field is normally not visible in standard web browsers, but you can see it by requesting the image's properties from the brower. A visually impaired reader will typically hear the alt text in place of the image.
caption Insert image caption, which should describe the type of image used.
film name Insert the native title of the film. The original native title of the film can be added to the infobox using {{Film name}} if it is different to the displayed title; please see the Film name template for full instructions. This parameter is for the native title only, and it should not be used to add translated titles to the infobox.
director Insert the name(s) of the director(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plain list}}. In addition, link each director to his/her appropriate article if possible.
producer Insert the name(s) of the producer(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plain list}}. In addition, link each producer to his/her appropriate article if possible. Only producer credits should be included, not executive producers, associate producers, etc.
writer Insert the name(s) of the writer(s). This field is primarily used for films where the writer(s) are credited under "Written by". Separate multiple entries using {{Plain list}}. In addition, link each writer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
screenplay Insert the name(s) of the screenplay writer(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plain list}}. Use this field instead of the normal writer field if films divide writing credits between screenplay and story writers. In addition, link each writer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
story Insert the name(s) of the story writer(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plain list}}. Use this field instead of the normal writer field if films divide writing credits between screenplay and story writers. In addition, link each writer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
based on Insert the title of the source material and the name(s) of the source material writer(s). Use this field in conjunction with screenplay and story where applicable (i.e. "Screen story") if films are based on previously produced or published material, such as books, plays, articles, old screenplays etc. Use {{based on}} or similar formatting where possible. Do not use this field where the source material is ambiguous.
narrator Insert the name(s) of the narrator(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plain list}}. In addition, link each narrator to his/her appropriate article if possible. Note: do not include actors with a role in the film; this is not a place for in-character voiceovers.
starring Insert the names of the actors as they are listed in the billing block of the poster for the film's original theatrical release.[1] If unavailable, use the top-billed actors from the screen credits. Other additions by consensus. Use the {{Plain list}} template for multiple entries, and link each actor to his/her article if possible. Don't add additional text (such as "with" or "featuring") or punctuation to the list.
music Insert the name(s) of the composer(s) of original music. Separate multiple entries using {{Plain list}}. In addition, link each composer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
cinematography Insert the name(s) of the cinematographer(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plain list}}. In addition, link each cinematographer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
editing Insert the name(s) of the editor(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plain list}}. Listing "additional editors" and "supervising editors" may occasionally be appropriate, in which case add the tag "(add)" or "(sup)". Link each editor to his/her article if possible.
studio Insert the company that produced the film. Separate multiple entries using {{Plain list}}. In addition, link each company to its appropriate article if possible.
distributor Insert the company name(s) of the distributor(s) that first released the film. Separate multiple entries using {{Plain list}}. In addition, link each distributor to its appropriate article if possible.
released Insert only the most relevant release date(s) of the film. If multiple entries are required, separate using {{Plain list}}. Use {{Film date}}. See #Release dates for additional guidelines.
runtime Insert an approximate time duration of the film in minutes. Do not link to minute. The BBFC website is a good resource - the running time is given to the second, so round it to the minute.
country For reasons explained below preference is given to reliable databases like BFI, AFI, or Variety. Some call it the country(s) of production, while other simply call it the country(s) or nationality. If there is a conflict of information in various reliable sources, then list only the common published nations. Alternatively in the case of conflict, consider leaving this field blank and discussing the issue in the article.
When using the field, do not use flag icons, as this places an unnecessary emphasis on nationality; see MOS:FLAG for a detailed rationale. Also, do not link to Cinema of XXXX; see WP:EGG.
language Insert the language primarily used in the film. Databases often give every language spoken within the film, even if they only reflect a few lines in the overall script. The BBFC website is a good resource for the main language used in the film. Only in rare cases of clearly bilingual or multilingual films, enter separate entries with a line break (<br />). In the case of a single language without any additional text, it will automatically link to the language article (and the film article will also be put automatically in the category concerned). In other cases, give the wikitext for the desired linked text.

Note: inserting "English" will not automatically link to English language. This has been done intentionally because readers of the English Wikipedia are already familiar with the language and no benefit is added by placing a link to it. Please do not override this by inserting [[English language|English]].

budget Insert the approximate production budget of the film. This is the cost of the actual filming, and does not include marketing/promotional costs (i.e. advertisements, commercials, posters, etc). Budget figures can be found at Box Office Mojo and The-Numbers, with the latter usually listing a mainstream website as the main source of the budget, such as the Los Angeles Times, Variety, etc. Such websites are preferred to cite as a reference, if possible. If there are conflicting estimates, do not cherry-pick; list each estimate either as an individual value or as a number range.
gross Insert the worldwide gross revenue accrued by the film. This information is available for most pictures at Box Office Mojo and The-Numbers. If worldwide gross is not available, then indicate which region has grossed that amount.

उदहारण[संपादित करें]

बर्फी!
पोस्टर में तीन व्यक्ति प्रदर्शित किये गये हैं, एक आदमी और दो औरतें। वे एक लकड़ी की मेज़ पर बैठे हैं और दर्शक की और देख कर हँस रहे हैं।
नाटकीय फ़िल्म पोस्टर
निर्देशक अनुराग बसु
निर्माता रोनी स्क्रूवाला
सिद्धार्थ रॉय कपूर
अनुराग बसु
लेखक अनुराग बसु
पटकथा अनुराग बसु
कहानी अनुराग बसु
तानी बसु
कथावाचक इलियाना डी'क्रूज़
अभिनेता
संगीतकार प्रीतम
छायाकार रवि वर्मन
संपादक अकिव अली
स्टूडियो इशना सिनेमा
वितरक यूटीवी मोशन पिक्चर्स
प्रदर्शन तिथि(याँ)
  • 14 सितम्बर 2012 (2012-09-14)
कार्यावधि 150 मिनट
देश भारत
भाषा हिन्दी
लागत भारतीय रुपया30 करोड़ (US$6.18 मिलियन)
कुल कारोबार भारतीय रुपया175 करोड़ (US$36.05 मिलियन)
{{Infobox film
| name           = बर्फी!
| image          = Barfi! poster.jpg
| alt            = पोस्टर में तीन व्यक्ति प्रदर्शित किये गये हैं, एक आदमी और दो औरतें। वे एक लकड़ी की मेज़ पर बैठे हैं और दर्शक की और देख कर हँस रहे हैं।
| caption        = नाटकीय फ़िल्म पोस्टर
| director       = [[अनुराग बसु]]
| producer       = रोनी स्क्रूवाला<br />सिद्धार्थ रॉय कपूर<br />अनुराग बसु
| writer         = अनुराग बसु
| story          = अनुराग बसु<br />तानी बसु
| screenplay     = अनुराग बसु
| narrator       = [[इलियाना डी'क्रूज़]]
| starring       = {{ubl|[[रणबीर कपूर]]|[[प्रियंका चोपड़ा]]|इलियाना डी'क्रूज़|[[सौरभ शुक्ला]]|[[आशीष विद्यार्थी]]|[[रूपा गांगुली]]}}
| music          = [[प्रीतम]]
| cinematography = रवि वर्मन
| editing        = अकिव अली
| studio         = इशना सिनेमा
| distributor    = [[यूटीवी मोशन पिक्चर्स]]
| released       = {{Film date|2012|9|14|df=y}}
| country        = [[भारत]]
| language       = हिन्दी
| runtime        = 150 मिनट
| budget         = {{INRConvert|30|c|nolink=no}}
| gross           = {{INRConvert|175|c|nolink=no}}
}}

Image[संपादित करें]

Ideally, an image of the film's original theatrical release poster should be uploaded and added to the infobox to serve as an identifying image for the article. Poster images can be found at websites such as Internet Movie Poster Awards or Internet Movie Poster Database. If a poster image cannot be found for the film, or if the film did not have a theatrical release, then a cover image of the film's display case (VHS, DVD, etc.) may be used instead. Cover images can be found at commercial websites such as Amazon.com or Amazon.co.uk. In the absence of an appropriate poster or cover image, a screenshot of the film's title card may also be used. When replacing an existing image, upload the new image over the old image (where possible), and update the relevant details on the image description page. See Wikipedia's non-free content policy to learn about the appropriate use of copyrighted images (such as most poster images) on Wikipedia, and see introduction to uploading images to find instructions for uploading an image.

Once uploaded, place the file name of the image, e.g., FILM TITLE poster.jpg (or a similar description), in the image= field of the infobox, but do not include the Image: part of the file name. The image_size= field only needs to be filled if the width of the image is less than 200 pixels (the default image width used by the infobox); enter the actual width of the image, in pixels, so it is not stretched in the infobox. The caption= field should describe the image, i.e., identifying it as "Theatrical release poster" or "DVD cover"; repeating the title of the film here is not necessary. Below is an example of how to use the fields:

| name           = FILM TITLE
| image          = FILM TITLE poster.jpg
| image_size     = 150
| caption        = Theatrical release poster

Credits[संपादित करें]

Credits in the infobox should not be retrospectively altered to accommodate name changes at a later date. A person should be credited by the name they were using professionally at the time the film was made.

Release dates[संपादित करें]

लघु पथ:
WP:FilmRelease
WP:FILMRELEASE

The film infobox is too small to reproduce the long lists of release dates provided by sources such as the Internet Movie Database. Release dates should therefore be restricted to the film's earliest release, whether it was at a film festival or a public release, and the release date(s) in the country or countries that produced the film, excluding sneak previews or screenings. {{Film date}} should be used for the film's release dates. If other release dates are found to be notable, it may be appropriate to include them in the main body of the article (example).

Release dates for straight-to-video and television films should follow the preceding guideline for home releases and airings, respectively.

Some editors like to use flag icons instead of country names. This should be avoided, as flags are less recognizable than country names. See Wikipedia:Manual of Style (flags) for a more detailed rationale.

IMDb, Allmovie, and other external links[संपादित करें]

When this infobox template was first created, in December 2004, one of the parameters created an external link to the Internet Movie Database (IMDb). Irrespective of the fact that IMDb is not used as a reliable source for verifying content in Wikipedia articles, it still is a resource that many people, including editors and readers of Wikipedia, often turn to.

In more recent years, additional external websites have become increasingly useful resources, including Allmovie, Box Office Mojo, British Film Institute, Metacritic, and Rotten Tomatoes. Also, modern films almost invariably have an official website. As a consequence, new external links were added to and removed from the infobox as consensus changed on the subject.

Discussions about the fate of these links took place in numerous places over some time, with a number of people advocating removal of all external links from the infobox, if not the article as a whole. Others spoke of the value of having at least a link to IMDb in the infobox. Eventually, a far from undisputed consensus arose to remove all external links from the infobox and to move them to the External links section where appropriate in view of the External links guideline.

Important points towards this consensus included fact that the infobox could not include all of the available links and that it would be inappropriate to pick and choose one or a few of those links over others. Suggestions that losing access to the most useful of the available links (typically IMDb) would damage the usefulness of film articles were not found persuasive by many since such links could still be included in the External links section and the table of contents linking to the external links section having all of the useful external links is adjacent the infobox.

External links to resources such as the Internet Movie Database (IMDb), Allmovie and any official website are no longer included in this template. Nevertheless, these resources and others may be usefully added to the "External links" section of the article using the following templates:

A link to the official website, if any, may be created manually, or using the {{official website|url|name=title (optional)}} template.

Ratings[संपादित करें]

Like links to IMDb, statements of a film's rating(s) have been excluded from the infobox as consensus has shifted over the years. Mainly, there are simply too many ratings systems in English-speaking countries, let alone the world over. Further, these ratings systems rarely exactly agree, and a film's rating can change drastically over time as different editions of a film are released, and re-released, to theaters, broadcast, cable/satellite/streaming, and home media. Ratings information should be integrated into the film's article.

Country[संपादित करें]

According to the European Lumiere project, the value of this parameter is seldom found in the primary source (the film) and often involves original research:

"defining the nationality of a film is a complex task. There are no widely accepted international or even European definitions of the criteria to be used to determine the country of origin of a film. This is both a legal and a statistical problem. It is enlightening to compare the lists provided by the different national sources that we use: countries involved in a joint production are not always indicated (even when the main coproducer is from another country). Different national records - and the statistics on which they are based - can show the same film as having a whole range of nationalities." (from "Identification of Films in the Lumiere Database". European Audiovisual Observatory. 2006.)

Preceded by/Followed by[संपादित करें]

The "Preceded by" and "Followed by" parameters were removed on 16 February 2011. (See Template talk:Infobox film/Archive 19#Preceded By.2FFollowed By)

Microformat[संपादित करें]

The HTML mark up produced by this template includes an hCalendar microformat, which makes the event details parsable by computers, either acting automatically to catalogue articles across Wikipedia, or via a browser tool operated by a person, to (for example) add the subject to a calendar or diary application. For more information about the use of microformats on Wikipedia, please see the microformat project.

Sub-templates[संपादित करें]

Dates will only be included if you use {{Start date}} or {{End date}} (use the former for single dates; but do not use any of these if the date is before 1583 CE).

URLs will only be included if you use {{URL}}.

Please do not remove instances of these sub-templates.

Classes[संपादित करें]

hCalendar uses HTML classes including:

  • attendee
  • contact
  • description
  • dtend
  • dtstart
  • location
  • organiser
  • summary
  • url
  • vevent

Please do not rename or remove these classes; nor collapse nested elements which use them.

TemplateData[संपादित करें]

This is the TemplateData documentation for the template used by the new VisualEditor.

ज्ञानसन्दूक फ़िल्म

{{Infobox film}} is used to list at-a-glance comparative information about a particular motion picture.

साँचा प्राचल
प्राचल वर्णन प्रकार डिफ़ॉल्ट स्थिति
common name name Insert the full common name of the film (default: {{PAGENAME}}) string {{PAGENAME}} वैकल्पिक
image file image Insert a relevant image for the film. Use only the file name as parameter, f.e. image=test.jpg string खाली वैकल्पिक
image size image_size Defines an image size in pixels to override user preferences. Should not normally be used number खाली वैकल्पिक
image border border border=yes adds a 1 pixel wide grey border around the image. If no border is necessary, this parameter should not be used string खाली वैकल्पिक
alt text alt Alt text for the image (see WP:ALT). A visually impaired reader will typically hear the alt text in place of the image string खाली वैकल्पिक
image caption caption Image caption with a brief description of the image content string खाली वैकल्पिक
native title film name Native film title. Should only be used, if the native title differs from the common film title string खाली वैकल्पिक
director director Insert the name(s) of the director(s), separated using {{Plain list}}. Link each director to his/her appropriate article if possible string खाली वैकल्पिक
producer producer Insert the name(s) of the producer(s), separated using {{Plain list}}. Link each producer to his/her appropriate article if possible. Only producer credits should be included, not executive or associate producers, etc. string खाली वैकल्पिक
writer (general) writer Insert the name(s) of writer(s), which are credited under 'Written by', separated using {{Plain list}}. Link each writer to his/her appropriate article if possible. If the film divides between screenplay and story writer, leave this field empty string खाली वैकल्पिक
writer (screenplay) screenplay Insert the name(s) of screenplay writer(s), if the film divides credits between screenplay and story writer, separated using {{Plain list}}. Link each writer to his/her appropriate article if possible string खाली वैकल्पिक
writer (story) story Insert the name(s) of story writer(s), if the film divides credits between screenplay and story writer, separated using {{Plain list}}. Link each writer to his/her appropriate article if possible string खाली वैकल्पिक
based on (sources) based on Insert the title of the source material and the name(s) of the source material writer(s). Use this field in conjunction with screenplay and story where applicable (i.e. "Screen story") if films are based on previously produced or published material, such as books, plays, articles, old screenplays etc. Use {{based on}} or similar formatting where possible. Do not use this field where the source material is ambiguous. string खाली वैकल्पिक
narrator narrator Insert the name(s) of the narrator(s), separated using {{Plain list}}. Link each narrator to his/her appropriate article if possible. Note: exclude narrators, which are also actors with a role in the film string खाली वैकल्पिक
starring starring Insert the names of the actors as they are listed in the billing block of the poster for the film's original theatrical release, separated by {{Plain list}}. Do not add non-notable or uncredited actors and avoid filler text such as 'with' or 'featuring' string खाली वैकल्पिक
music composer music Insert the name(s) of composer(s) of the original music, separated using {{Plain list}}. Link each composer to his/her appropriate article if possible string खाली वैकल्पिक
cinematography cinematography Insert the name(s) of the cinematographers, separated using {{Plain list}}. Link each cinematographer to his/her appropriate article if possible string खाली वैकल्पिक
editor editing Insert the name(s) of the editor(s), separated using {{Plain list}}. Listing 'additional editors' and 'supervising editors' may occasionally be appropriate, in which case add the tag '(add)' or '(sup)'. Link each editor to his/her article if possible string खाली वैकल्पिक
production studio studio Insert the company(s) that produced the film, separated using {{Plain list}}. In addition, link each company to its appropriate article if possible string खाली वैकल्पिक
distributor distributor Insert the company name(s) of the distributor(s) that first released the film, separated using {{Plain list}}. In addition, link each distributor to its appropriate article if possible string खाली वैकल्पिक
release dates released Insert only the most relevant release date(s) of the film, separated using {{Plain list}}. Use {{Film date}}. See #Release dates for additional guidelines string खाली वैकल्पिक
film duration runtime Insert an approximate time duration of the film in minutes. Do not link to minute. The BBFC website is a good resource - the running time is given to the second, so round it to the minute number खाली वैकल्पिक
country country Country(s) of production or 'country', depending on sources. Do not use flag icons. See template documentation for more usage information, especially on disputed cases string खाली वैकल्पिक
primary language language Only specify the language 'primarily' used in the film. Single language values will automatically link and categorize to this language string खाली वैकल्पिक
production budget budget Insert approximate production budget excluding marketing and promotion. In case of conflicting reliable sources, list all values or an appropriate value range. For more information see the template documentation number खाली वैकल्पिक
worldwide gross revenue gross Insert the worldwide gross revenue accrued by the film. This information is available for most pictures at Box Office Mojo and The-Numbers. If worldwide gross is not available, then indicate which region has grossed that amount number खाली वैकल्पिक
italicize title italic title set 'italic title=no' if the title of the article should not be automatically italicised (for instance, if the title has a disambiguation clause). 'italic title=force' enforces an italicised title string खाली वैकल्पिक

See also[संपादित करें]

References[संपादित करें]

  1. The original poster is also called the 'one sheet' and is the ideal source for this information. Usually the principal credits are listed at the bottom in block letters.