संगणक सहायित अनुवाद

मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
यहाँ जाएँ: भ्रमण, खोज

संगणक सहायित अनुवाद (Computer Assisted Translation / CAT) किसी व्यक्ति द्वारा किया गया ऐसा अनुवाद है जिसमें कम्प्यूटर प्रोग्रामों की भी सहायता ली जाती है। इससे भिन्न मशीनी अनुवाद की प्रक्रिया में सम्पूर्ण अनुवाद प्रक्रिया में मानव का कोई हस्तक्षेप नहीं होता। कुछ उन्नत प्रकार के मशीन सहायित अनुवादों में नियंत्रित मशीन अनुवाद का सहारा लिया जाता है।

विभिन्न रूपों में संगणक-सहायित-अनुवाद[संपादित करें]

संगणक सहायित अनुवाद एक विस्तृत एवं अस्पष्ट संज्ञा है। बहुत सरल उपकरणों (प्रोग्राम) से लेकर बहुत जटिल सॉफ्टवेयर इसका उपयोग कर सकते हैं। कुछ उदाहरण निम्नलिखित हैं-

  • सी-डी रॉम पर शब्दकोश (एकभाषिक या बहुभाषिक)
  • शब्दावली का डेटाबेस - सीडी रॉम पर या इन्टरनेट पर)
  • पूर्ण-पाठ खोजी उपकरण (Full-text search tools) या इंडेक्सर्स
  • कांकार्डैंसर्स (Concordancers)
  • द्विपाठ (Bitexts) - इसका प्रचलन अभी हाल में आया है।
  • अनुवाद स्मृति प्रबन्धक (Translation memory managers (TMM)) औजार
  • ऐसे अनुवाद तंत्र जो लगभग स्वचालित हैं किन्तु संदिग्ध अनुवाद की स्थितियों में वे मानव अनुवादक द्वारा निर्णय का विकल्प भी प्रदान करते हैं।

CAT उपकरणों की तुलना[संपादित करें]

(यहाँ औजारों को उनके रोमन नाम के क्रम में रखा गया है; पहले नि:शुल्क औजार और बाद में सशुल्क औजार रखे गये हैं।)

उपकरण स्वीकार्य फाइल फॉर्मट परिचालन तंत्र (OS) मूल्य लाइसेंस
Anaphraseus ODT, all OpenOffice Writer formats (DOC, TXT etc.) Multiplatform (StarBasic macro) GPL
Attesoro Java properties Multiplatform (Java) GPL
gtranslator PO POSIX GPL
Okapi Framework PO, Windows RC, TMX, Wordfast, Trados, Java Properties, Regular-expression-based text, Illustrator, INX, ResX, Table-type files, XML Multiplatform (Java) GPL

OmegaT

HTML, XHTML, DocBook, Plain Text, PO, JavaHelp, Java Resource Bundles, OpenDocument (ODF), OpenOffice, StarOffice, Office Open XML, HTML Help Compiler (HCC), INI files Multiplatform (Java) GPL
BEYTrans, Author: Youcef BEY HTML, XHTML, Plain Text, PO, PHP Array, Java Resource Bundles, HTML Help Compiler (HCC) Multiplatform (Java) GPL - Free open crowdsourcing translation; Online non-commercial translation
OmegaT+ HTML, XHTML, DocBook, Plain Text, PO, JavaHelp, Java Resource Bundles, OpenDocument (ODF), OpenOffice, StarOffice, Office Open XML, HTML Help Compiler (HCC), INI files Cross-platform (Java) GPL

openTMS

HTML, XHTML, DocBook, Plain Text, OpenOffice, Office Open XML Multiplatform (Java) EPL
Open Language Tools HTML/XHTML, XML, DocBook SGML, ASCII, StarOffice/OpenOffice/ODF, .po (gettext), .properties, .java (ResourceBundle), .msg/.tmsg (catgets) Multiplatform (Java) CDDL
Poedit Gettext PO Multiplatform MIT license
Pootle Gettext PO, XLIFF, OpenOffice GSI files (.sdf), TMX, TBX, Java Properties, DTD, CSV, HTML, XHTML, Plain Text Multiplatform (Python) GPL
Transolution HTML, StarOffice/OpenOffice,
XLIFF, DOCBOOK
Multiplatform (Python) GPL
Virtaal XLIFF, Gettext PO and MO, TMX, TBX, Wordfast TM, Qt .ts.
Many others via converters in the Translate Toolkit
Multiplatform (Python) GPL
Proprietary solutions
ABBYY Aligner DOC, DOCX, TXT, RTF, PDF, HTML, PPT, PPTX, PPS, PPSX, XLS, XLSX Windows Contact for pricing Proprietary
AppleTrans HTML, RTF, Plain Text (TXT) Macintosh, Mac program Free Proprietary
across MS Word, MS Excel, MS PowerPoint, HTML, XML, RTF, Plain Text (TXT), EXE, RC, DLL, QuarkXPress, Adobe FrameMaker (MIF), Adobe InDesign, MSI, INI, OCX, SCR, CPL, NLS, RESX Windows, web application Freelance version: free, corporate licenses on inquiry Proprietary
AidTransStudio OpenOffice,MS Excel, MS PowerPoint, MS Word, MS Word Xml, HTML, ASP, PHP, ASPX, Plain Text, XML, Trados TTX, TMX, Custom Format (config based on Regular Expressions) Windows (.NET) Basic Edition: Free, Pro and Ent See price list Proprietary
AnyMem 2.0 MS Word, TMX export-import Windows 89 Proprietary
Araya HTML, XML, plain text, RTF, TMX, XLIFF Multiplatform (Java) €400 / Server €6500 Proprietary
CafeTran Plain Text, HTML, XML, OpenOffice, MS Office, AbiWord, Kword,
TMX, TTX, XLIFF
Multiplatform Windows - Mac OS - Linux (Java) €80 Proprietary
CatsCradle HTML, CSV, Help contents and index files (.hhc, .hhk) Windows €60  ?
Déjà Vu (DVX) XML, Plain Text, OpenOffice, Adobe FrameMaker, Adobe PageMaker, ASP, Interleaf/Quicksilver, InDesign, Help Content, SGML, MS Access, MS Excel, MS PowerPoint, MS Word, QuarkXPress, RTF, Resource files, C/C++/Java source files, Java Properties, JavaScript, VBScript, GNU gettext Windows Standard: €490, Pro: €990, Workgroup: €1490 Proprietary
Felix MS Word, MS Excel, MS PowerPoint (for Windows); HTML Windows $US 350 Proprietary
Fusion MS Word, MS Excel, MS PowerPoint (for Windows); RTF, XML, HTML - Note: Native Office Support which means Translation conducted within the Office environments (Word, Excel, PowerPoint) + Trados and Wordfast Tagged formats Windows Proprietary
Globalsight Text ANSI / ASCII / Unicode for Windows, Text for Apple Macintosh, HTML, XML (ASP.NET, ASP, JSP, XSL), SGML, SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics), MS Word for Windows, MS Excel, MS PowerPoint, RTF, RC, QuarkXPress, Adobe FrameMaker, Adobe PageMaker, Interleaf /Quicksilver, Adobe InDesign Multiplatform (Java) Apache License 2.0
Google Translator Toolkit HTML, Microsoft Word, OpenDocument Text, Text, Rich Text, SubRip, SubViewer, Wikipedia Web application Free Proprietary
Heartsome Translation Suite HTML/XHTML, XML, Plain Text, OpenOffice, StarOffice, AbiWord, PO/POT (GNU Gettext), SVG, Adobe FrameMaker (MIF), Adobe InDesign, DocBook, DITA, Java Properties, JavaScript, RTF, Tagged RTF, Trados TTX, MS Office 2003 XML, ResX (Windows .NET Resources), RC (Windows C/C++ Resources), MS Office 2007 (beta) Multiplatform (Java) See price list. Proprietary
Lingotek Translation Platform HTML, XHTML, XML, MS Word, MS Excel, MS Powerpoint, OpenOffice/StarOffice, OpenDocument (ODF), OpenDocument Text (.odt), OpenDocument Spreadsheet (.ods), OpenDocument Presentation (.odp), Microsoft Resource (.rc), Rich Text Format (.rtf), Plain Text (.txt), Java Properties (.properties), Gettext PO, TMX, XLIFF Web application Contact for Pricing Proprietary
Lingo HTML, XML, Adobe Framemaker, Adobe PDF (.pdf), .net, MS Word (.doc), MS Ecma (.xps), TMX (.tmx) Windows 2000 SP4, XP SP2, Vista; .NET Framework 2.0, Internet Explorer 5.5, SQL Server 2005 US $ 899 Proprietary
LocaleMinder.com Java Properties (.properties), XML, TMX, XLIFF, W3C ITS Web application Based on number of words for developers. Free for translators. Proprietary/Apache License 2.0 interaction library
LogiTermWeb Word, Excel, PowerPoint, WordPerfect, PDF, HTML, RTF, plain text Windows Proprietary
memoQ HTML, XML - with real-time preview, plain text, MS Office 2000/XP/2003/2007 formats (doc, xls, ppt, docx, pptx - all with real-time preview), RTF, bilingual RTF (Trados compatible), XLIFF, Star Transit XV and NXT projects, Trados TTX, Adobe FrameMaker, Adobe Indesign, proprietary bilingual format (MBD), TMX, CSV, TSV, SRX, PDF (exported as plain text) Windows 4Free: Freeware
translator standard: €99
translator pro: €620
serverFive: ask
Proprietary
MEMOrg HTML, XHTML, XML, MS Word, MS Excel, RTF Windows, Web Application Access by invitation only Proprietary
MetaTexis HTML, XML, Resource files
MS Word (all kinds of text files that can be imported by MS Word), MS Excel, MS PowerPoint, Adobe FrameMaker, Adobe PageMaker, QuarkXPress
Windows Lite: for free
Pro: €98
NET/Office: €138
Proprietary
MultiCorpora MultiTrans HTML, XML, MS Word, MS Excel, MS Powerpoint, WordPerfect, QuarkXPress, Adobe Maker Interchange Format (MIF), Adobe InDesign Windows Proprietary
Fortis Revolution Translation Suite TMX, HTML, XML, Word, Framemaker, Pagemaker, InDesign, Resource files, Help files, text files, source code, and more. Customized filters are available upon request. Windows $US 199
ppp.helper MS PowerPoint Windows €39 Proprietary
Rainbow HTML, XHTML, Scripts,
Photoshop, etc.
Windows (.NET) Freeware Proprietary
SDL Trados Features 3 translation environments: dedicated TagEditor, MSWord Interface, SDLX. Additional filters for translating with TagEditor available: Word, Excel, PowerPoint, OpenOffice, InDesign, QuarkXPress, PageMaker, Interleaf, Framemaker, HTML, SGML, XML, SVG, .... Includes SDL MultiTerm for terminology management and Project Management Dashboard for automating tasks and tracking. Windows €795 (freelance) - €4995 (LSP) Proprietary
SecureCottage Reference Portal HTML, XHTML, PHP, CGI, most web pages Web based Free for use Proprietary
SEER English Spanish Translator MS Office Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Plain Text, HTML Windows $US 299 Proprietary
Similis HTML,XML, PDF,MS Word, OpenOffice, Trados Windows Rental - 360 € per year Proprietary
STAR Transit Text ANSI / ASCII / Unicode for Windows, Text for Apple Macintosh, Corel WordPerfect, HTML, XML (ASP.NET, ASP, JSP, XSL), SGML, SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics), MS Word for Windows, MS Excel, MS PowerPoint, RTF y RTF for WinHelp, RC, QuarkXPress, Adobe FrameMaker, Adobe PageMaker, Interleaf /Quicksilver, Adobe InDesign, XGate para QuarkXPress, AutoCAD Windows Proprietary
Swordfish XLIFF, HTML/XHTML, XML, Plain Text, OpenOffice, StarOffice, AbiWord, PO/POT (GNU Gettext), SVG, Adobe FrameMaker (MIF), Adobe InDesign (INX), DocBook, DITA, Java Properties, JavaScript, RTF, Trados Tagged RTF, Trados TTX, MS Office 2003 XML, ResX (Windows .NET Resources), RC (Windows C/C++ Resources), MS Office 2007 Multiplatform Windows - Linux - Mac OS X (Java) €200 Proprietary
Sysfilter (ECM engineering)
Sysfilter enables you to transfer texts from your files to a word processor of your choice or into XML. After the translation you can use the filter to automatically reinsert the texts into the original document. Supported formats: Adobe Illustrator, Indesign, Photoshop, MS Visio, MS Excel, CorelDraw Windows € 69 - € 349 Proprietary
Termbases  ? Web application Free Proprietary
Tr-aid  ?  ?  ?  ?
TranslateCAD It Extracts text from AutoCAD DXF drawings (Version 2000-2008) and prepares files to work with any CAT tool, and re-joins files to generate a target DXF translated file. Windows $US 29.95 Proprietary
TransSearch Any text copied on the web form Web application $CA 129.95 Proprietary
Translation Search Engine (by Elanex) Any format that can be copied and pasted onto a web page, TMX Web application Free Web Access Proprietary
Web Translate It Gettext .po/.pot, Ruby .yml (Ruby on Rails), XLIFF, Java .properties/.xml, Qt .ts, JSON, Apple .strings (Macintosh, iPhone and iPad), Android .xml, BlackBerry .rrc, HTML, XHTML, Microsoft .resx, plain text, Markdown, Textile, PHP .ini. Web application From 0 to 149€ / month Proprietary
Wordfast MS Office Word, Excel, PowerPoint (for Windows and Mac); tagged documents Microsoft Office Word addin €300/150 Proprietary
WordFisher MS Word WordBasic\Ms Office Word macro Free Licence Proprietary
XTM Enterprise Suite XLIFF, HTML/XHTML, XML, Plain Text, OpenOffice, StarOffice, PO/POT (GNU Gettext), SVG, Adobe FrameMaker (MIF), Adobe InDesign (INX), DocBook, DITA, Java Properties, JavaScript, RTF, Trados Tagged RTF, Trados TTX, MS Office 2003 XML, ResX (Windows .NET Resources), RC (Windows C/C++ Resources), MS Office 2007, built completely on Open Standards: TMX, TBX, XLIFF, SRX, xml:tm, W3C ITS Web application

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