मनोविज्ञान की समयरेखा

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यहाँ जाएँ: भ्रमण, खोज


आरम्भिक काल[संपादित करें]

उन्नीसवीं शती[संपादित करें]

1840 का दशक[संपादित करें]

1860 का दशक[संपादित करें]

1870 का दशक[संपादित करें]

  • 1874 - Wilhelm Wundt published his Grundzüge der physiologischen Psychologie (Principles of Physiological Psychology), the first textbook of experimental psychology.
  • ca. 1875 - William James opened the first experimental psychology laboratory in the United States, though it was intended for classroom demonstration rather than original research.
  • 1878 - G. Stanley Hall was awarded the first PhD on a psychological topic from Harvard (in philosophy).
  • 1879 - Wilhelm Wundt opened the first experimental psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig in Germany.

1880 का दशक[संपादित करें]

1890 का दशक[संपादित करें]

बीसवीं शती[संपादित करें]

1900 का दशक[संपादित करें]

1910 का दशक[संपादित करें]

  • 1910 - Boris Sidis opens the Sidis Psychotherapeutic Institute (a private hospital) at Maplewood Farms in Portsmouth, NH for the treatment of nervous patients using the latest scientific methods.
  • 1911 - Alfred Adler left Freud's Psychoanalytic Group to form his own school of thought, accusing Freud of overemphasizing sexuality and basing his theory on his own childhood.
  • 1912 - Max Wertheimer published Experimental Studies of the Perception of Movement, considered the founding article of Gestalt psychology
  • 1913 - Carl Jung departed from Freudian views and developed his own theories citing Freud's inability to acknowledge religion and spirituality. His new school of thought became known as Analytical Psychology.
  • 1913 - Jacob L. Moreno applied Group Psychotherapy methods in Vienna. His new methods, which emphasised spontaneity and interaction, later became known as Psychodrama and Sociometry.
  • 1913 - John B. Watson published Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It, sometimes known as "The Behaviorist Manifesto".
  • 1914 - Boris Sidis publishes The Foundations of Normal and Abnormal Psychology where he provides the scientific foundation for the field of psychology, and details his theory of the moment-consciousness.

1920 का दशक[संपादित करें]

1930 का दशक[संपादित करें]

1940 का दशक[संपादित करें]

1950 का दशक[संपादित करें]

1960 का दशक[संपादित करें]

1970 का दशक[संपादित करें]

1980 का दशक[संपादित करें]

1990 का दशक[संपादित करें]

इक्कीसवीं शती[संपादित करें]

2000 का दशक[संपादित करें]

इन्हें भी देखें[संपादित करें]

सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

  1. Henry Chadwick, Augustine (Oxford, 1986), p.3.
  2. Ibrahim B. Syed PhD, "Islamic Medicine: 1000 years ahead of its times", Journal of the International Society for the History of Islamic Medicine, 2002 (2): 2-9 [7-8]
  3. Saoud, R. "The Arab Contribution to the Music of the Western World" (PDF). http://www.muslimheritage.com/uploads/Music2.pdf. अभिगमन तिथि: 2007-01-12. 
  4. Amber Haque (2004), "Psychology from Islamic Perspective: Contributions of Early Muslim Scholars and Challenges to Contemporary Muslim Psychologists", Journal of Religion and Health 43 (4): 357-377 [361]
  5. Nurdeen Deuraseh and Mansor Abu Talib (2005), "Mental health in Islamic medical tradition", The International Medical Journal 4 (2), p. 76-79.
  6. Haque, Amber (2004), "Psychology from Islamic Perspective: Contributions of Early Muslim Scholars and Challenges to Contemporary Muslim Psychologists", Journal of Religion and Health 43 (4): 357–377 [376], doi:10.1007/s10943-004-4302-z 
  7. Omar Khaleefa (Summer 1999). "Who Is the Founder of Psychophysics and Experimental Psychology?", American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 16 (2).
  8. Bradley Steffens (2006). Ibn al-Haytham: First Scientist, Chapter 5. Morgan Reynolds Publishing. ISBN 1-59935-024-6.
  9. Ibrahim B. Syed PhD, "Islamic Medicine: 1000 years ahead of its times", Journal of the International Society for the History of Islamic Medicine, 2002 (2), p. 2-9 [7].
  10. S Safavi-Abbasi, LBC Brasiliense, RK Workman (2007), "The fate of medical knowledge and the neurosciences during the time of Genghis Khan and the Mongolian Empire", Neurosurgical Focus 23 (1), E13, p. 3.
  11. Muhammad Iqbal, The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam, "The Spirit of Muslim Culture" (cf. [1] and [2])
  12. Martin-Araguz, A.; Bustamante-Martinez, C.; Fernandez-Armayor, Ajo V.; Moreno-Martinez, J. M. (2002). "Neuroscience in al-Andalus and its influence on medieval scholastic medicine", Revista de neurología 34 (9), p. 877-892.
  13. Stroop, J.R. (1935) Studies of interference in serial verbal reaction. Journal of Experimental Psychology, Vol.18, 643-662
  14. Eysenck, H. J. (1952). "The effects of psychotherapy: An evaluation.". Journal of Consulting Psychology 16: 319–324. doi:10.1037/h0063633. http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Eysenck/psychotherapy.htm. 
  15. Lambert, M. J.; Bergin, A. E., & Garfield, S. L.. "Introduction and Historical Overview". In Lambert, M. J.. Bergin and Garfield's Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 3–15. 
  16. Miller, G.A. (1956) The magical number seven, plus or minus two: Some limits on our capacity for processing information. Psychological Review, Vol. 63, 81-97
  17. Fuller, J.L., Thompson, W.R. (1960) Behavior genetics. New York: Wiley
  18. Tomkins, S. (1962). Affect Imagery Consciousness: The Positive Affects (Vol. 1). New York: Springer
  19. Bion, W. R. (1962) A theory of thinking, International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, vol.43
  20. Bandura, A. (1977). "Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change". Psychological Review 84 (2): 191–215. doi:10.1037/0033-295X.84.2.191. 
  21. Plomin, R., DeFries, J.C., & Lohelin, J.C. (1977) Genotype-environment interaction and correlation in the analysis of human behavior, Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 85, 309-322
  22. Yamagata et al. (2006) Is the Genetic Structure of Human Personality Universal? A Cross-Cultural Twin Study From North America, Europe, and Asia, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 90, No. 6, 987-998
  23. Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of Thought and Action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
  24. Merzenich, M.M., Recanzone, G., Jenkins, W.M., Allard, T.T., & Nudo, R.J. (1988) Cortical representational plasticity. In P Rakic and W. Singer (Eds.), Neurobiology of neocortex (pp.41-67). New York: Wiley
  25. Pinker, S. (1991) Rules of Language. Science, Vol. 253, 530–535
  26. Panksepp, J. (1992) A critical role for 'affective neuroscience' in resolving what is basic about basic emotions. Psychology Review, Vol. 99, No. 3, 554-560
  27. Panksepp, J. (1998) Affective Neuroscience - The foundations of human and animal emotions, Oxford University Press, New York
  28. LeDoux J.E. (1992) Brain mechanisms of emotion and emotional learning. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, Vol. 2, No. 2, 191-197
  29. Plomin, R., McLearn, G.E. (1992) Nature, Nurture, and Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  30. Smith, L.B., Thelen E. (1993) A Dynamic Systems Approach to Development
  31. Baron-Cohen, S., (1995) Mindblindness: An essay on autism and theory of mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
  32. Rizzolatti, G. et al. (1996) Premotor cortex and the recognition of motor actions, Cognitive Brain Research, Vol.3, 131-141
  33. Baddeley, A.D. (2000) The episodic buffer: A new component of working memory? Trends in Cognitive Science, 4, 417-423.
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  35. Kim-Cohen, J., Caspi, A., Taylor, A., Williams, B., Newcombe, R, Craig, IW, Moffitt, T.E. (2006) MAOA, maltreatment, and gene-environment interaction predicting children's mental health: new evidence and a meta-analysis, Molecular Psychiatry, Vol. 11, 903-913
  36. Pinker, S.(2002) The Blank Slate - The Modern Denial of Human Nature, London: Penguin books
  37. Pinker, S. (2006) The Blank slate General Psychologist, 41(1), 1-8
  38. "Steven Pinker Receives Humanist of the Year Award". American Humanist Association. May 12, 2006. http://www.americanhumanist.org/press/pinker.php. 

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