प्राचीन यूनानी भार एवं मापन

मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
यहाँ जाएँ: भ्रमण, खोज

प्राचीन यूनानी भार एवं मापन प्रणाली मुख्यतः मिस्री पर आधारित थी. यही बाद की रोमन प्रणाली का आधार बनी.


लम्बाई[संपादित करें]

Units derived from the dactylos (plural: dactyloi):

Unit Greek name Equivalent Description
dactylos δάκτυλος finger breadth
condylos κόνδυλος 2 dactyloi middle joint of finger
palaiste or doron παλαιστή,δῶρον 4 dactyloi palm
dichas or hemipodion διχάς,ἡμιπόδιον 8 dactyloi half foot
lichas λιχάς 10 dactyloi span of thumb
orthodoron ὀρθόδωρον 11 dactyloi [1]
spithame σπιθαμή 12 dactyloi span of all fingers
pous ποῦς 16 dactyloi foot; Attic foot ≈ 296 mm
pygme πυγμή 18 dactyloi elbow to base of fingers
pygon πυγών 20 dactyloi
pechys πῆχυς 24 dactyloi cubit
pechys basileios πῆχυς βασιλήιος 27 dactyloi royal cubit

Larger units derived from the pous (plural: podes):

Unit Greek name Equivalent Description
pous ποῦς 16 dactyloi foot; Attic foot ≈ 296 mm
aploun bema ἀπλοῦν βῆμα 2.5 podes single pace
diploun bema διπλοῦν βῆμα 5 podes double pace [1]
orgyia ὀργυιά 6 podes fathom or stretch of both arms
akaina ἄκαινα 10 podes [1]
plethron πλέθρον 100 podes breadth of Greek acre
stadion στάδιον 600 podes Attic stadion ≈ 177,6 m
Unit Greek name Equivalent Description
stadion στάδιον 600 podes Attic stadion ≈ 177,6 m
diaulos δίαυλος 2 stadia
hippikon ἱππικόν 4 stadia
dolichos δόλιχος 12 stadia
parasang παρασάγγες 30 stadia adopted from Persia
schoinos σχοινός 40 stadia adopted from Egypt

क्षेत्रफ़ल[संपादित करें]

आयतन[संपादित करें]

[2] :

Neck amphora depicting an athlete running the hoplitodromos by the Berlin Painter, ca. 480 BC, Louvre. The average wine amphora had a capacity of about 40L.
Dry Measure
Unit Greek name Equivalent Description
cotyla κοτύλη approx a cup
choenix χοῖνιξ 4 cotylae approx 1 man's daily grain ration
hecteus ἑκτεύς 8 choenices
medimnos μέδιμνος 6 hecteis
Liquid Measure
Unit Greek name Equivalent Description
cotyla κοτύλη approx a cup
hemichous ἡμίχουν 6 cotylae
chous χοῦς 12 cotylae
metretes μετρητής 144 cotylae approx 1 amphora wine

मुद्रा[संपादित करें]

The basic unit of Athenian currency was the obol:

An obol, Attica, Athens. After 449 BC
Unit Greek name Equivalent
obol or obolus ὀβολός
drachma δραχμή 6 obols
mina μνᾶ 100 drachmae
talent τάλαντον 60 minae

भार[संपादित करें]

[3]: 
Unit Greek name Equivalent Attic/Euboic Standard Aeginetic Standard
obol or obolus ὀβολός 0.72g 1.05g
drachma δραχμή 6 obols 4.31g 6.3g
mina μνᾶ 100 drachmae 431g 630g
talent τάλαντον 60 minae 25.86 kg 37.8 kg

समय[संपादित करें]

Month Greek name Gregorian equivalent
Hekatombaeon Ἐκατομβαιών June-July
Metageitnion Μεταγειτνιών July-Aug
Boedromion Βοηδρομιών Aug-Sept
Puanepsion Πυανεψιών Sept-Oct
Maimakteron Μαιμακτηριών Oct-Nov
Poseideon Ποσειδεών Nov-Dec
Gamelion Γαμηλιών Dec-Jan
Anthesterion Ἀνθεστηριών Jan-Feb
Elaphebolion Ἐλαφηβολιών Feb-March
Mounichion Μουνυχιών March-April
Thargelion Θαργηλιών April-May
Skirophorion Σκιροφοριών May-June

सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

  1. Hellenic Institute of Metrology (EIM). "Metrology - Ancient Greece". http://www.eim.org.gr/html/english/metrology/history/greece.html. अभिगमन तिथि: 2007-11-02. 
  2. Measures in The Oxford Classical Dictionary, 2003
  3. Weights in The Oxford Classical Dictionary (2003)

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