डोरेमोन

मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
यहाँ जाएँ: भ्रमण, खोज

साँचा:'''''डोरेमोन''''' फुजिको एफ॰ फुजिओ द्वारा बनाया गया एक जापानी मंगा कार्टून सीरीज है। यह बाद में एक एनीमे सीरीज बन गया . यह एक रोबोटिक बिल्ले कहानी है जिसका नाम डोरेमोन है, जो एक स्कूली बच्चे नोबिता नोबी (野比 のび太 ?) की सहायता करने के लिए बीसवीं शताब्दी से समय में पीछे आ गया है। यह सीरीज पहली बार दिसम्बर १९६९ में एक साथ छह विभिन्न पत्रिकाओं में दिखाई दी। मूल सीरीज में कुल मिलाकर, १३४४ कहानियाँ बनाई गईं जो पैंतालीस से भी अधिक खंडों में पूरी हुई. डोरेमोन के अधिकांश एपिसोड हास्य से भरे हुए हैं जो निष्ठा, दृढ़ता, साहस, परिवार और बड़ों के लिए सम्मान जैसे मूल्यों के बारे में बताते हैं। डोरेमोन दुनिया भर के विशेष और ज़रूरी विषयो के बारे में दर्शक को बताता है, इसमें वक़्त में सफ़र करना, स्ट्रिंग थेओरी, जैसे विज्ञान से सम्बंधित बातों को आसान तरीके से समजने की कोशिश की जाती है | Doraemon was awarded the Japan Cartoonists Association Award for excellence in 1973. Doraemon was awarded the first Shogakukan Manga Award for children's manga in 1982,[1] and the first Osamu Tezuka Culture Award in 1997. In March 2008, Japan's Foreign Ministry appointed Doraemon as the nation's first "anime ambassador."[2] Ministry spokesman explained the novel decision as an attempt to help people in other countries to understand Japanese anime better and to deepen their interest in Japanese culture."[3] The Foreign Ministry action confirms that Doraemon has come to be considered a Japanese cultural icon. In 2002, the anime character was acclaimed as an Asian Hero in a special feature survey conducted by Time Asia magazine.[4]

Name[संपादित करें]

The name "Doraemon" translates roughly to "stray". Unusually, the name "Doraemon" (ドラえもん?) is written in a mixture of two Japanese scripts: katakana (ドラ) and hiragana (えもん). "Dora" is from "dora neko" (brazen or stray cat, どら猫), and is a corruption of nora (stray). "Emon" is a component of male given names, such as Goemon, though no longer as popular as in the past.[5] "Dora" is not from dora meaning gong, but due to the homophony, the series puns on this, with Doraemon loving dorayaki.

Plot[संपादित करें]

[[चित्र: डोरेमोन रोबोट को २२ वीं सदी से नोबिता का पर-पर-पोता सेवाशी २० वीं सदी में भेजता है ताकि नोबिता एक बेहतर और खुशमिजाज़ जीवन जी सके जिससे की उसके आने वाले वंशो को एक बेहतर जीवन जीने का मौका मिले| नोबिता का भविष्य हर तरह की बत्किस्मती और निराश्वो से भरी पड़ी है, वो ना ही ढंग की पढाई कर पाता है, ना ही उसे कोई अच्छी नौकरी मिलती है और वह जिस लड़की को चाहता है उससे कभी शादी नहीं कर पता| उसके इस निराशा भरे जीवन के कारण उसके आने वाले वंशो को गरीबी और दुःख झेलने पड़ते है।... इसी कारण डोरेमोन को नोबिता के वक़्त में भेजा जाता है जिससे की वो नोबिता की ज़िन्दगी सुधार सके और उसे भविष्य में एक सफल आदमी बना सके, जिससे सेवाशी, जो नोबिता का वंशज है वो भी सुखी और सफल जीवन जी सकेगा|

डोरेमोन के पास एक "जादुई " जेब होती है जिससे वो अलग तरह की दवाईया, औजार और आधुनिक यंत्रो को २२ वीं सदी से ला सकता है जो बीसवीं सदी के मुकाबले में काफी आधुनिक और मजेदार लगते है| ज़्यादातर यन्त्र केवल काल्पनिक है जिनकी प्रेरणा जापान में पाए जाने वाले साधारण घरेलु यंत्रो पर आधारित है | एक अनुमान के अनुसार, डोरेमोन के पास करीब ४५०० अलग तरह की दवाये, यन्त्र और औजार है| इसी कारण डोरेमोन सिर्फ बच्चों को ही नहीं, बड़ो को भी लुभाता है| डोरेमोन को कभी-कभी नए यंत्रो के लिए पैसो कीभी ज़रुरत पड़ती है, २२ वीं सदी में कुछ यन्त्र काफी मेहेंगे भी हो सकते है, लेकिन कुछ ऐसे यन्त्र भी है जिन्हें डोरेमोन लगभग हर बार इस्तमाल करता है।.. जैसे की "बम्बू कॉप्टर ", जो आपको कही भी उदा कर ले जा सकता है, "कहीं भी जाने वाला दरवाजा" जो आपको पल भर में दुनिया के किसी भी कोने में पहुंचा सकता है।.. इत्यादि|

डोरेमोन के कान नहीं है, लेकिन फिर भी वो अच्छी तरह सुन सकता है, उसके नकली (रोबोटिक) कानो कोएक चूहे ने खा लिया था जिसकी वजह से डोरेमोन को चूहों से बहुत डर लगता है |

The only main female character is Shizuka Minamoto (源 静香 Minamoto Shizuka?), who serves as a romantic interest for Nobita, but otherwise her role is of a minor supporting character. Nobita's main human friends and/or rivals include Takeshi (nicknamed 'Gian', from the English word giant), a consummate bully, and Suneo, a cunning, gloating, spoiled wealthy brat. There are many recurring supporting characters, such as Dekisugi, Nobita's parents, Gian's mother, his school teacher, his descendants from the future, and Doraemon's little sister, Dorami.

The stories are formulaic, usually focused on the everyday struggles of fifth grader Nobita, the protagonist of the story. In a typical chapter, Nobita comes home crying about a problem he faces in school and/or the local neighborhood. After hearing him out, Doraemon often offers helpful advice to his problem(s), but that's never enough for Nobita, who is consistently looking for the "quick, easy" way out (which offers insight to the viewers as to why Nobita's life turned out the way it did). Finally, after Nobita's pleading and/or goading, Doraemon produces a futuristic gadget out of his aforementioned pouch to help Nobita fix his problem, enact revenge, or flaunt to his friends.

Unfortunately when in possession of the gadget, Nobita usually gets into deeper trouble than before, despite Doraemon's best intentions and warnings. Sometimes, Nobita's friends (usually Suneo or Gian) steal Doraemon's gadgets and end up misusing them. However, by the end of the story, there is usually retribution to the characters who end up misusing them, and a moral is taught.

Media[संपादित करें]

Manga[संपादित करें]

In December 1969, the Doraemon manga appeared simultaneously in six different children's monthly magazines. The magazines were titled by the year of children's studies, which included Yoiko (good children), Yōchien (nursery school), and Shogaku Ichinensei (first grade of primary school) to Shogaku Yonnensei (fourth grade of primary school). By 1973, the series began to appear in two more magazines, Shogaku Gonensei (fifth grade of primary school) and Shogaku Rokunensei (sixth grade of primary school). The stories featured in each of the magazines were different, meaning the author was originally creating more than six stories each month. In 1977, CoroCoro Comic was launched as a magazine of Doraemon. Original manga based on the Doraemon movies were also released in CoroCoro Comic. The stories which are preserved under the Tentōmushi brand are the stories found in these magazines.

Since the debut of Doraemon in 1969, the stories have been selectively collected into forty-five books published from 1974 to 1996, which had a circulation of over 80 million in 1992. In addition, Doraemon has appeared in a variety of manga series by Shōgakukan. In 2005, Shōgakukan published a series of five more manga volumes under the title Doraemon+ (Doraemon Plus), which were not found in the forty-five Tentōmushi pipi volumes. Many other series have since been produced, some not from official supplies.

Doraemon was discontinued in two media because readers were advancing in grades and an ending was believed to be needed. These two are not reprinted.

  • In the March 1971 issue of the magazine Shogaku 4-nensei:[6] Because visitors from the future were causing too much trouble, the government in the 22nd Century passed a bill to ban time-travelling altogether, meaning Doraemon would have to return to his time era. He leaves Nobita.
  • In the March 1972 issue of the magazine Shogaku 4-nensei: Doraemon, for some reason, had to go back to the future but fakes a mechanical problem so that Nobita would let him go. Nobita believes him and promises to wait until Doraemon gets well. Realizing that Nobita can handle his departure, Doraemon tells the truth and Nobita accepts. Doraemon returns to the future.

The third ending was actually meant to be the official ending due to low TV ratings and the Fujiko Fujio duo being busy with other works, but Doraemon did not leave their minds and restarted in the next month's issue. In 1981, this episode was made into anime (called "Doraemon Comes Back"), and in 1998, this was released as an anime movie.

  • In the March 1973 issue of the magazine Shogaku 4-nensei, Nobita again returns home after losing a fight against Gian. Doraemon then explains that he has to return. Nobita tries to have Doraemon stay but after talking it over with his parents, he accepts Doraemon's departure. They take a last walk in the park. After they split up, Nobita encounters Gian and gets into a fight again. After a long duel with Nobita trying to win at all costs so that Doraemon can leave without worries, Gian gave up (which gave Nobita the win) because no matter what, Nobita refuses to stay down. Doraemon finds Nobita passed out with a bloody mouth and takes him home. Sitting beside the sleeping Nobita, Doraemon returns to the future. This story was reprinted in the last chapter of the manga Book 6.

When the Fujiko Fujio duo broke up in 1987, the very idea of an official ending to the series was never discussed. Since Fujiko F. died in 1996 before any decisions were reached, any "endings" of Doraemon are fan fiction. However, it is apparent from many episodes and movies where Nobita travels to the future that in the end he does marry Shizuka, leads a happy life and separates with Doraemon, although Nobita and his friends fondly remember him.[7]

One of the most prolific fanfiction endings was by Nobuo Sato. In this ending, Doraemon's battery power ran out, and Nobita was given a choice between replacing the battery inside a frozen Doraemon, which would cause it to reset and lose all memory, or await a competent robotics technician who would be able to resurrect the cat-robot one day. Nobita swore that every day to work hard in school, graduate with honors, and become that robotics technician. In the future, it was revealed that Japan has become a Republic, and Hidetoshi Dekisugi is the President. He successfully resurrected Doraemon in the future as a robotics professor, became successful as an AI developer, and thus lived happily ever after, thus relieving his progeny of the financial burdens that caused Doraemon to be sent to his space-time in the first place. A dōjinshi for this ending was made by a "Tajima T Yasue" in 2005, and it sold 13,000 copies before Shogakukan halted its publication. Tajima apologized to Shogakukan in 2007 and paid an undisclosed amount of money for settlement.[8]

Anime[संपादित करें]

Television series[संपादित करें]

After a brief and unpopular animated series in 1973 by Nippon Television, Doraemon remained fairly exclusive in manga form until 1979 when a newly formed animation studio, Shin-Ei Animation (Now owned by TV Asahi) produced an anime series of Doraemon. This series became incredibly popular, and ended with 1,787 episodes on March 25, 2005.

Celebrating Doraemon's anniversary, a new Doraemon series began airing on TV Asahi on April 15, 2005 with new voice actors and staff, and updated character designs.

Video Games[संपादित करें]

There are a total of 61 Japanese-only video games ranging from platformer games to RPG games, that began with the Emerson's Arcadia 2001 system. For a complete list of these games see List of Doraemon media. Doraemon can also be seen in Namco's popular Taiko no Tatsujin rhythm game series like Taiko no Tatsujin (11 - 14 only), Meccha! Taiko no Tatsujin DS: 7tsu no Shima no Daibouken, Taiko no Tatsujin Wii, Taiko no Tatsujin Plus, and Taiko no Tatsujin DS: Dororon! Yokai Daikessen!!. The Japanese version of Microsoft's 3D Movie Maker contained a Doraemon-themed expansion pack.

Feature films[संपादित करें]

In 1980, Toho released the first of a series of annual feature length animated films based on the lengthly special volumes published annually. Unlike the anime and manga (some based on the stories in select volumes), they are more action-adventure oriented and have more of a shōnen demographic, taking the familiar characters of Doraemon and placing them in a variety of exotic and perilous settings. Nobita and his friends have visited the age of the dinosaurs, the far reaches of the galaxy, the heart of darkest Africa (where they encountered a race of sentient bipedal dogs), the depths of the ocean, and a world of magic. Some of the films are based on legends such as Atlantis, and on literary works such as Journey to the West and Arabian Nights. Some films also have serious themes, especially on environmental topics and the use of technology. Overall, the films have a somewhat darker tone in their stories, unlike the manga and anime.

The most recent Doraemon film, Nobita and the New Steel Troops: ~Angel Wings~, was released in both conventional 2D, and IMAX 3D on March 5, 2011. It is the first 3D film of Doraemon

Musicals[संपादित करें]

Doraemon the Musical: Nobita and the Animal Planet (舞台版ドラえもん のび太とアニマル惑星(プラネット)」。 Butaiban Doraemon: Nobita to Animaru Puranetto?) was a 2008 musical based on the 1990 anime film of the same name.[9]

The musical debuted at Tokyo Metropolitan Art Space on September 4, 2008 running through September 14.[10] Wasabi Mizuta voiced Doraemon.

Reception[संपादित करें]

On 22 अप्रैल 2002, on the special issue of Asian Hero in TIME Magazine, Doraemon was selected as one of the 22 Asian Heroes. Being the only cartoon character selected, Doraemon was described as "The Cuddliest Hero in Asia".[11]

In 2005, the Japan Society of New York selected Doraemon as a culturally significant work of Japanese otaku pop-culture in its exhibit Little Boy: The Arts of Japan's Exploding Subculture, curated by renowned artist Takashi Murakami. In Murakami's analysis, he states that Doraemon's formulaic plotlines typified the "wish fulfilment" mentality of 1970s Japan, where the electronics revolution glamorized the idea that one could solve their problems with machines, gadgets, and intelligence rather than hard work.[कृपया उद्धरण जोड़ें]

In 2008, the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs appointed Doraemon as the first anime cultural ambassador.[12][13]

Doraemon is a term of common knowledge in Japan. Newspapers also regularly make references to Doraemon and his pocket as a something with the ability to satisfy all wishes. Other characters in the series are also referenced frequently on TV shows with similar looking casts. Some magazines have used the analogy that America is the Takeshi of the world and Japan is his sidekick Suneo.[कृपया उद्धरण जोड़ें]

Doraemon was awarded the first Shogakukan Manga Award for children's manga in 1982, and the first Osamu Tezuka Culture Award in 1997.

Doraemon is a cultural phenomenon in Japan and can be seen in many places. For example, Doraemon is used as a promotional character by Art Hikkoshi Center (アート引越センター Āto hikkoshi sentā?), by a moving company, and by Cocos, a restaurant chain. Doraemon also appears in appeals for charity, the "Doraemon Fund". Doraemon toys and novelties are also often found in Japan, with literally thousands of items for sale.[कृपया उद्धरण जोड़ें]

Doraemon, Nobita, and the other characters also appear in various educational manga. Doraemon is also mentioned in several anime and manga by other manga artists.[कृपया उद्धरण जोड़ें]

Doraemon is referenced in the current Blue Man Group show running in Tokyo. The Blue Men play a short snippet of the show's theme song, and one dons Doraemon's beanie.[कृपया उद्धरण जोड़ें]

The Japanese-American guitar company, ESP Guitars, makes a Doraemon shaped guitar.

Mamotte! Lollipop referenced Doreamon in a chapter about a bath house.

The music video for the single "From a Distance" off of the Bicycles & Tricycles album by ambient house act, The Orb revolves around Doraemon.[कृपया उद्धरण जोड़ें]

See also[संपादित करें]

साँचा:Wikipedia books


References[संपादित करें]

  1. "小学館漫画賞: 歴代受賞者" (Japanese में). Shogakukan. http://comics.shogakukan.co.jp/mangasho/rist.html. अभिगमन तिथि: August 19, 2007. 
  2. Yamaguchi, Mari. "Doraemon appointed Japan's first ever cartoon ambassador," China Post, March 20, 2008.
  3. "Doraemon named 'anime ambassador'," Japan Today. March 15, 2008.
  4. Iyer, Pico. "The Cuddliest Hero in Asia." Time (Asia).
  5. Why 'Doraemon' name consist of both hiragana and katakana? Yahoo! Answers
  6. [1][मृत कड़ियाँ]
  7. "All About Doraemon the robotic cat (Chinese)". Kukudm.com. http://www.kukudm.com/Html/20051026184634-1.Html. अभिगमन तिथि: 2010-05-18. 
  8. 「ドラえもん」最終話、勝手に出版した男性が謝罪, asahi.com
  9. Event information, News about the musical
  10. "Events Calendar". Tokyo Metropolitan Art Space. http://www.geigeki.jp/english/event_200809_list.html#02. अभिगमन तिथि: August 13, 2008. [मृत कड़ियाँ]
  11. Iyer, Pico (April 29, 2002). "The Cuddliest Hero in Asia". Time Asia. Archived from the original on February 17, 2010. http://www.webcitation.org/5ncD8NhOK. अभिगमन तिथि: February 17, 2010. 
  12. "ドラえもん、初の「アニメ文化大使」に任命". (March 15, 2008) AFPBB News. Retrieved February 11, 2010. (जापानी)
  13. Shingo, Takaoka . "Secret power of Otaku culture Spirits". The WASEDA Guardian. Retrieved February 11, 2010.

External links[संपादित करें]

साँचा:Doraemon साँचा:Fujiko Fujio साँचा:Shogakukan Manga Award - Children