साँचा:ज्ञानसन्दूक बीमारी

मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
यहाँ जाएँ: भ्रमण, खोज
ज्ञानसन्दूक बीमारी
वर्गीकरण एवं बाह्य साधन
प्रलेखन प्रतीक साँचा प्रलेखन[देखें] [संपादन] [इतिहास] [पर्ज]

Usage[संपादित करें]

The template does not at the current time include summary information about the condition itself. Instead, it contains a consistent interface to other sources that provide information about the condition. Don't worry about trying to fill in all the fields -- even if you can only get one or two, that still can be useful.

While editing a condition, copy and paste the following text at the top of the page: (If you prefer, you can include the pipes at the beginning of the line instead.)

ज्ञानसन्दूक बीमारी
वर्गीकरण व बाहरी संसाधन
आईसीडी-१० GroupMajor.minor
आईसीडी- xxx
{{Infobox Disease
 | Name           = {{subst:PAGENAME}}
 | Image          = 
 | Alt            =
 | Caption        = 
 | DiseasesDB     = 
 | ICD10          = {{ICD10|Group|Major|minor|LinkGroup|LinkMajor}}
 | ICD9           = {{ICD9|xxx}}
 | ICDO           = 
 | OMIM           = 
 | MedlinePlus    = 
 | eMedicineSubj  = 
 | eMedicineTopic = 
 | MeshID         = 

The best place to start is often the Diseases Database searching at DiseasesDB. Click on that link, and type in the name of the condition (for example, "Earache".) Click on the result you were looking for. At this point, you will see on your URL line something like "http://www.diseasesdatabase.com/ddb18027.htm". You can copy the number (in this case, "18027" onto the "DiseasesDB" line in the template, so it looks like this

 | DiseasesDB     = 18027

You will see a label that reads "Code translations and terms via UMLS.". Click on this link. The goal is to find the ICD9 and ICD10 codes. In this case, you can see "388.7" next to "ICD-9-CM, 2006" and "H92.0" next to "German translation of ICD10, 1995". Fill in these two fields:

 | ICD10          = H92.0
 | ICD9           = {{ICD9|388.7}}

You may find multiple codes listed. In this case, just fill them out as follows:

 | ICD10          = A11, B22
 | ICD9           = {{ICD9|123}}, {{ICD9|456}}

In some cases, only one of the codes would apply to the current condition, but you may not always be able to determine which is which. Be bold, and do your best.

You will notice that there are direct links provided for the ICD9 codes, but not for ICD10. Don't worry about providing direct links for ICD10 codes unless you are feeling very ambitious. Some of the technical issues involved are discussed at Template:ICD10. However, the easiest way to put in a direct link is to go to List of ICD-10 codes and copy an example from there.

For the brave, the ICD10 template takes 5 parameters: {{ICD10|Group|Major|minor|LinkGroup|LinkMajor}}

Group - The upper-case Group letter to be displayed in Wikipedia
Major - Major group number (2 digits)
minor - Minor group number (optional)
LinkGroup - lower-case repeat of the Group letter to be presented to the WHO's website
LinkMajor - The major coding at the top of webpage in which the target code exists (may or may not be the same as the Major code !)

In most cases you can skip over the "ICD-O" field, because that only applies to conditions that cause tumors. DiseasesDB doesn't provide these codes, but there are some resources listed for finding them at ICD-O.

The final three fields are for OMIM, MedlinePlus, and eMedicine. It's perfectly fine to leave these blank, but if you want to fill them out, you can sometimes find the pages by clicking on "specific web sites" in DiseaseDatabase. Alternatively use the following links to directly search OMIM, MedlinePlus and eMedicine.

Don't enter the full URL as this template's parameters, just the number at the end.

For eMedicine, two methods are acceptable as the website has restructured itself, but internally will redirect as required.

The old style, and hence the current parameter name usage, has two fields - put the number at the end into "eMedicineTopic", and put the alphabetic code (such as "neuro" or "orthoped") that precedes it into "eMedicineSubj".

The current eMedicine site now uses a fixed 'article' space with an 'article number', and hence please use:

| eMedicineSubj  = article   (this being a fixed literal text)
| eMedicineTopic = 806890    (this being the variable article number) 

It's a little trickier to fill out the infobox if you can't find it listed in DiseaseDatabase. However, you can look up the codes individually if you would like. A good source for ICD9 codes is here, and a good source for ICD10 codes is here. Many more sources for ICD codes are listed at International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. You can look up OMIM codes here.

You can use the "Image", "Alt" and "Caption" to provide an illustration. These fields are optional, but it is helpful to provide an image if you can find one. The Alt field specifies alt text, for readers who cannot see the image; see WP:ALT. Of course most images on the internet are copyrighted, but you may be able to find an image already in Wikipedia on a related page. There are over a thousand free images of anatomical structures available at List of images and subjects in Gray's Anatomy. You could use one of these directly, or if you were feeling ambitious you could load one into a paint program on your computer, and annotate it with a couple of arrows to illustrate the point. Or just open PowerPoint and spend a few minutes drawing a few circles. It doesn't have to be very fancy to be an improvement on having no image at all. But if you do create a new image, remember to upload it at Wikimedia, not at Wikipedia, so that it easier to share images across languages.

There is also an optional "Width" parameter you can add for the image. If your picture is far too big, then add a new line and specify a custom width like this:

| Image          = mypicture.png
| Alt            = A man's neck and shoulders, covered with giant green spots.
| Caption        = The picture above illustrates a severe case of this condition.
| Width          = 325

When no Width parameter is specified, it defaults to a width of 190.

Sometimes you will find a condition with more than one entry for OMIM, eMedicine, MedlinePlus, or DiseaseDatabase. There are optional "_mult" fields that allow additional parameters to be passed in.

The templates that may be used to provide the necessary links for these "_mult" fields, without specifying the source's name, are:

| DiseasesDB_mult= {{DiseasesDB2|number}}
| OMIM_mult      = {{OMIM2|number}}
| MedlinePlus_mult= {{MedlinePlus2|number}}
| eMedicine_mult = {{eMedicine2|field|topic number}}  (new usage would set field as the literal text 'article')

An example of how this is used at Nemaline myopathy is provided below.

ज्ञानसन्दूक बीमारी
वर्गीकरण व बाहरी संसाधन
आईसीडी-१० G71.2
आईसीडी- 359.0
ओ.एम.आई.एम 161800 256030 605355
रोग डाटाबेस 31991 33448 33447
ई-मेडिसिन neuro/76  neuro/230
{{Infobox Disease
 | Name           = {{subst:PAGENAME}}
 | Image          = 
 | Alt            =
 | Caption        = 
 | DiseasesDB     = 31991
 | DiseasesDB_mult= {{DiseasesDB2|33448}} {{DiseasesDB2|33447}}
 | ICD10          = {{ICD10|G|71|2|g|70}}
 | ICD9           = {{ICD9|359.0}}
 | ICDO           = 
 | OMIM           = 161800
 | OMIM_mult      = {{OMIM2|256030}} {{OMIM2|605355}}
 | MedlinePlus    = 
 | MedlinePlus_mult=
 | eMedicineSubj  = neuro
 | eMedicineTopic = 76
 | eMedicine_mult = {{eMedicine2|neuro|230}}

If there are too many eMedicine articles to list with eMedicine_mult, then one may directly show eMedicine's search list of topics.
Set eMedicineSubj = search and eMedicineTopic to the term to be searched for.
Note that any spaces in the search term must be replaced with the asci code of %20. Hence:

ज्ञानसन्दूक बीमारी
वर्गीकरण व बाहरी संसाधन
ई-मेडिसिन topic list
{{Infobox Disease
 | eMedicineSubj  = search
 | eMedicineTopic = shaken%20baby%20syndrome

Don't worry about getting all the fields -- just do your best, and if you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to ask at Template talk:Infobox Disease.

MeSH[संपादित करें]

The Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), formerly known as the Supplement to Index medicus, is a controlled vocabulary managed by the National Library of Medicine. To find the MeSH code for a disease, go to the MeSH search page and enter the term into the search box. The needed MeSH number in the Unique ID in the MeSH Descriptor Page.