वेबर संख्या

मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
यहाँ जाएँ: भ्रमण, खोज

तरल गतिकी तथा ताप विचरण में प्रयुक्त होने वाली एक विमाहीन संख्या।

A splash after half a brick hits the water; the image is about half a meter across. Note the freely moving airborne water droplets, a phenomenon typical of high Reynolds number flows; the intricate non-spherical shapes of the droplets show that the Weber number is high. Also note the entrained bubbles in the body of the water, and an expanding ring of disturbance propagating away from the impact site.

The Weber number is a dimensionless number in fluid mechanics that is often useful in analysing fluid flows where there is an interface between two different fluids, especially for multiphase flows with strongly curved surfaces. It can be thought of as a measure of the relative importance of the fluid's inertia compared to its surface tension. The quantity is useful in analyzing thin film flows and the formation of droplets and bubbles.

It is named after Moritz Weber (1871–1951) and may be written as:

\mathit{We} = \frac{\rho v^2 l}{\sigma}

where

The modified Weber number,

We^*=\frac{We}{48}

equals the ratio of the kinetic energy on impact to the surface energy,

We^*=\frac{E_{kin}}{E_{surf}},

where

E_{kin}=\pi\rho l~^3U~^2/24

and

E_{surf}=2\pi l~^2\sigma.

References[संपादित करें]

  • Weast, R. Lide, D. Astle, M. Beyer, W. (1989-1990). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. 70th ed. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, Inc.. F-373,376.

साँचा:NonDimFluMech

We=rho*U^2*D/Sigma