साँचा:Cite book

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प्रलेखन प्रतीक साँचा प्रलेखन[देखें] [संपादन] [इतिहास] [पर्ज]
This template documentation is transcluded from साँचा:Cite book/doc [edit]

This template is used to cite sources in Wikipedia. It is specifically for books. This template replaces the deprecated {{book reference}}.

Usage

All fields must be lowercase. Copy a blank version to use. Remember that the "|" character must be between each field, the fields must be in lowercase, please delete all the fields that are not being used to clear clutter in the edit window, and ISBN should be in the id field and separated from the number with a space. See also the complete description of fields.

Full version (copy and paste text below and delete parameters you don't need)
{{cite book
 |last=
 |first=
 |authorlink= |coauthors=
 |editor= |others=
 |title=
 |origdate= |origyear= |origmonth=
 |url=
 |format=
 |accessday= |accessmonth= |accessyear=
 |edition=
 |date= |year= |month=
 |publisher=
 |location=
 |language=
 |id=
 |doi =
 |pages=
 |chapter= |chapterurl=
 |quote =
}}
Most commonly used fields (or you can use this and not have to delete as much)
{{cite book |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title= |year= |publisher= |location= |id= }}
Example 1

{{cite book |last= Cordell |first= Bruce R. |coauthors= Jeff Grubb, David Yu |title= [[Manual of the Planes]] |publisher= [[Wizards of the Coast]] |year= 2001 |month= September |id= ISBN 0-7869-1850-8 }}

Cordell, Bruce R.; Jeff Grubb, David Yu (September 2001). Manual of the Planes. Wizards of the Coast. ISBN 0-7869-1850-8. 

Example 2
{{cite book
  | last = Mumford
  | first = David
  | authorlink = David Mumford
  | title = The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes
  | publisher = [[Springer-Verlag]]
  | year = 1999
  | doi = 10.1007/b62130
  | id = ISBN 354063293X }}

Mumford, David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes. Springer-Verlag. doi:10.1007/b62130. ISBN 354063293X. 

Vertical list Prerequisites and Brief Instructions  
  
  
 {{cite book
 | last =
 | first =
 | authorlink =
 | coauthors =
 | editor =
 | others =
 | title =
 | origdate =
 | origyear =
 | origmonth =
 | url =
 | format =
 | accessdate =
 | accessyear =
 | accessmonth =
 | edition =
 | date =
 | year =
 | month =
 | publisher =
 | location =
 | language =
 | id =
 | doi =
 | pages =
 | chapter =
 | chapterurl =
 | quote =
 }}
 Prerequisites* Brief Instructions
 -------------- -----------------------
  
               (no wikilink)
 last           (no wikilink)
 last
 last
  
  
 REQUIRED**
               †preferred (no wikilink)
                alternative to origdate
                alternative to origdate
  
 url
 url           †preferred (no wikilink)
                alternative to accessdate
                alternative to accessdate
  
               †preferred (no wikilink)
                alternative to date
                alternative to date
  
 publisher
  
  
  
  
               (no wikilink)‡
 chapter
  
  
The field listed below is a prerequisite for the field to the left. For example last is a prerequisite to first meaning first will NOT be displayed even if it has a value unless last also has a value.
∗∗ Wikilinks must link to an existing article, and cannot be used if url is used below.
This is the preferred field with its alternates listed below.
If chapterurl is provided then chapter can not have wikilinks.

Fields

Wikilinks

Most fields can be wikilinked (ie. title = [[book article|book title]]), but should generally only be linked to an existing Wikipedia article. Any wikilinked field must not contain any brackets apart from normal round brackets () — don't use <>[]{}.

Description of fields

Syntax (for the technical-minded)

Nested fields either rely on their parent fields, or replace them:

  • parent
    • child — may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2 — may be used instead of parent (and is ignored if parent is used)

Description

  • last: Surname of author. Don't wikilink (use authorlink instead).
    • first: First name(s) of author, including title(s) (eg. Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Snr.). Don't wikilink (use authorlink instead).
      • The `last' and `first' fields are poorly named for the case of an author whose surname is usually written first (e.g. as in Chinese). They also have the problem of only communicating which is the surname, not communicating where the surname is usually written. Consider deprecating first,last fields, and reinstating author field, using the notation "Smith, John" or "Hu Ke Jie" as appropriate (i.e. always writing surname first, and using comma or not depending on whether the name is usually written surname last or first).
    • authorlink: Title of Wikipedia article about author. Article should already exist. Must not be wikilinked itself. Do not use this on its own, but along with "author" or "first" and "last".
    • coauthors: Full name of additional author or authors, surname last, separated by ", " (eg. Joe Bloggs, John F. Kennedy, H. R. Dent).
      • Someone please confirm that surname is to go last even for people whose name is usually written surname first. Consider rethinking this field, e.g. using Bloggs, Joe and Kennedy, John F. and Dent, H. R. and Hu Ke Jie.
    • OR: author: Full name of author, preferably surname first.
  • editor: Name of editor/editors. No text is added, so labels such as "(ed.)" have to be supplied by the user.
  • others: For uses such as "illustrated by Smith" or "trans. Smith".
  • title: Title of book. This is the only required parameter. Can be wikilinked only to an existing Wikipedia article. Do not use italics.
  • url: URL of an online book. Cannot be used if you wikilinked title.
    • format: Format, e.g. PDF. HTML implied if not specified.
    • accessdate: Full date when item was accessed, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, eg. 2006-02-17. Required when url field is used. Must not be wikilinked.
      • OR: accessyear: Year when item was accessed, and accessmonth: Month when item was accessed. If you also have the day, use accessdate instead. Must not be wikilinked.
  • edition: When the book has more than one edition. eg: "2nd edition".
  • origdate: Full date of publication of original edition, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, eg. 2004-06-27. Must not be wikilinked.
    • OR: origyear: Year of publication of original edition, and origmonth: Month of publication of original edition. If you also have the day, use date instead. Must not be wikilinked.
  • date: Full date of publication, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, eg. 2006-02-17. Must not be wikilinked.
    • OR: year: Year of publication, and month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Must not be wikilinked.
  • publisher: Publisher should not include corporate designation such is "Ltd" or "Inc".
    • location: Place of publication.
  • language: The language the book is written in, if it is not English.
  • id: Identifier such as ISBN 1-111-22222-9, {{LCC|Z253.U69}} or {{OCLC|123456789}}. Remember, you must specify the kind of identifier, not just give a number.
  • doi: digital object identifier. See also {{doi}}
  • pages: 5–7: first page and optional last page. This is for listing the pages relevant to the citation, not the total number of pages in the book.
  • chapter: The chapter of the book, written in full. Punctuation other than quotes should be included in the value passed to the parameter, eg. chapter = Meet Dick and Jane. produces "Meet Dick and Jane." ahead of title.
    • chapterurl: URL of an individual chapter of online book. Should be at the same site as url, if any.
  • quote: Relevant quote from the book.

</onlyinclude>

Examples

Just a title
* {{cite book | title=Mysterious book }}
  • Mysterious book. 
Year and title
* {{cite book | title=Mysterious book | year=1901 }}
  • Mysterious book. 1901. 
Basic usage
* {{cite book | first=Joe | last=Bloggs | authorlink=Joe Bloggs | year=1974 | title=Book of Bloggs }}
Basic usage with url
* {{cite book | last=Bloggs | first=Joe | authorlink=Joe Bloggs | year=1974 | title=Book of Bloggs | edition=1st Edition | url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ | accessdate=2006-02-17 }}
Three authors, title with a piped wikilink, edition
* {{cite book | last=Bloggs | first=Joe | authorlink=Joe Bloggs | coauthors=John Smith, Jim Smythe | title=[[A Thousand Acres|1000 Acres]] | edition=2nd Edition }}
Date without day, wikilinked title and publisher, id, pages, location
* {{cite book | last=Cordell | first=Bruce R. | coauthors=Jeff Grubb, David Noonan | year=2001 | month=September | title=[[Manual of the Planes]] | publisher=[[Wizards of the Coast]] | location=Timbuktu | id=ISBN 0-7869-1850-8 | pages=pp. 134-137 }}
Date of first edition, other language, illustrator
* {{cite book | last=Bloggs | first=Joe | origyear=1463 | year=1974 | title=Book of Bloggs | edition=1st Edition | others=illustrated by Smith | language=German | url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ | accessdate=2006-02-17 }}
Using a DOI
*{{cite book | last=Mumford | first=David | authorlink=David Mumford | year=1999 | title=The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians | edition=2nd ed. | publisher=[[Springer-Verlag]] | doi=10.1007/b62130 | id=ISBN 354063293X }}

TemplateData

This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.

साँचा प्राचल

This template has custom formatting.

प्राचल वर्णन प्रकार स्थिति
यूआरएल (URL) urlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the protocol relative scheme "//..."

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
https://www.nytimes.com/...
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
शीर्षक title

किताब का शीर्षक (नाम); तिरछे अक्षरों में प्रदर्शित होगा

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग आवश्यक
Title link title-linktitlelinkepisode-linkepisodelink

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
लेखक का अंतिम नाम lastlast1authorauthor1author1-lastauthor-lastsurname1author-last1subject1surnameauthor-lastsubject

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
खाली
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स्ट्रिंग सुझावित
लेखक का प्रथम नाम firstgivenauthor-firstfirst1given1author-first1author1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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स्ट्रिंग सुझावित
Vancouver style author list vauthors

If using Vancouver style, comma separated list of author names; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses

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Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
Auto value
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Last name 2 last2author2surname2author-last2author2-lastsubject2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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खाली
Auto value
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
First name 2 first2given2author-first2author2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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Auto value
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Last name 3 last3author3surname3author-last3author3-lastsubject3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
First name 3 first3given3author-first3author3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Last name 4 last4author4surname4author-last4author4-lastsubject4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
First name 4 first4given4author-first4author4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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Auto value
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Last name 5 last5author5surname5author-last5author5-lastsubject5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
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Auto value
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
First name 5 first5given5author-first5author5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
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Auto value
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Last name 6 last6author6surname6author-last6author6-lastsubject6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
First name 6 first6given6author-first6author6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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Auto value
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Last name 7 last7author7surname7author-last7author7-lastsubject7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
First name 7 first7given7author-first7author7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Last name 8 last8author8surname8author-last8author8-lastsubject8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
First name 8 first8given8author-first8author8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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Auto value
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Last name 9 last9author9surname9author-last9author9-lastsubject9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
First name 9 first9given9author-first9author9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Collaboration collaboration

Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors which list one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends 'et al.' to author name-list.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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खाली
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
तिथि dateair-dateairdate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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दिनांक वैकल्पिक
कृति (Work) workjournalwebsitenewspapermagazineencyclopediaencyclopaediadictionarymailinglist

Name of the work in which the cited book text is found

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
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Auto value
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
प्रकाशक publisherdistributorinstitutionnewsgroup

Name of the publisher; displays after title

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
खाली
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स्ट्रिंग सुझावित
और अन्य others

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

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प्रकाशन वर्ष year

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
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Auto value
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स्ट्रिंग सुझावित
ISBN isbnISBN13isbn13ISBN

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
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स्ट्रिंग सुझावित
Ignore ISBN Error ignore-isbn-error

True if ISBN Errors should be ignored.If set, page will be added to a maintenance category "CS1 maint: Ignored ISBN errors".

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बूलियन वैकल्पिक
Editor last name editor-lasteditoreditor-surnameeditor-last1editor-surname1editor1editor1-lasteditor1-surname

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
अज्ञात वैकल्पिक
Editor first name editor-firsteditor-giveneditor-first1editor-given1editor1-firsteditor1-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
अज्ञात वैकल्पिक
Link for editor editor-linkeditorlinkeditor-link1editor1-linkeditorlink1editor1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
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Auto value
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पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Editor mask editor-maskeditormaskeditormask1editor1-maskeditor-mask1editor1mask

Replaces the name of the first editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Vancouver style editor list veditors

Comma separated list of editor names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional names in doubled parentheses

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Editors list editors

Free-form list of editor names; use of this parameter is discouraged

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खाली
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अज्ञात डेप्रिकेटिड
Edition edition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed by ' ed.'

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Series identifier seriesversion

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
अंक (Volume) volume

For one publication published in several volumes

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
प्रकाशन की लोकेशन locationplace

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
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स्ट्रिंग सुझावित
प्रकाशन का स्थान publication-placepublicationplace

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
प्रकाशन तिथि publication-datepublicationdate

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
पन्ना pagep

The number of a single page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
पन्ना रेंज pagespp

A range of pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source); displays after 'pp.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

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स्ट्रिंग सुझावित
No pp nopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
At at

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
भाषा languagein

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

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स्ट्रिंग सुझावित
Translator last name translator-lasttranslatortranslator-last1translator1translator1-last

The surname of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translator first name translator-firsttranslator1-firsttranslator-first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

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Script title script-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
अनुबाद के बाद टाइटिल trans-titletrans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
अध्याय chaptercontributionentryarticlesection

The chapter heading of the source; may be wikilinked or with 'chapterurl' but not both. For the contribution alias, see contributor-last

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Script Chapter script-chapter

Chapter heading for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); follows transliteration defined in chapter. Should be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script

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ja:東京タワー
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translated chapter trans-chaptertrans_chapter

An English language chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Type typemedium

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Format format

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

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arXiv identifier arxivARXIVeprint

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

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arXiv Class class

Cite arXiv identifiers

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ASIN asinASIN

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

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ASIN TLD asin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

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Bibcode bibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

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biorXiv biorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

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रेखा वैकल्पिक
CiteSeerX citeseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

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रेखा वैकल्पिक
DOI doiDOI

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

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EISSN eissnEISSN

International Standard Serial Number for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space.

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2009-0048
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Handle System identifier hdlHDL

Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet

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ISMN ismnISMN

International Standard Music Number; Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional.

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979-0-9016791-7-7
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
ISSN issnISSN

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

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jfm code jfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

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JSTOR jstorJSTOR

JSTOR identifier

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
LCCN lccnLCCN

Library of Congress Control Number

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MR mrMR

Mathematical Reviews identifier

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OCLC oclcOCLC

Online Computer Library Center number

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OL olOL

Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" at beginning of identifier

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OSTI ostiOSTI

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
PMC pmc

PubMed Center article number

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PMID pmidPMID

PubMed Unique Identifier

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
RFC rfc

Request for Comments number

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SSRN ssrn

Social Science Research Network

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Zbl zbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

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id idID

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Quote quotequotation

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

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Ref ref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

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Name list format name-list-format

Accepts the single keyword 'vanc' to emulate Vancouver Style author / editor name-lists.

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Mode mode

Sets separator and terminal punctuation to the style named in the assigned value; allowable values are: 'cs1' or 'cs2'

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Postscript postscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

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.
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Registration registration

For online sources that require registration, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); superseded by subscription if both are set

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Subscription subscription

For online sources that require subscription, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); supersedes registration if both are set

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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Author mask author-maskauthormaskauthormask1author1-maskauthor-mask1author1mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

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Author mask 2 author-mask2authormask2author2-maskauthor2mask

Replaces the name of the second author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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Author mask 3 author-mask3authormask3author3-maskauthor3mask

Replaces the name of the third author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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Author mask 4 author-mask4authormask4author4-maskauthor4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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Author mask 5 author-mask5authormask5author5-maskauthor5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Author mask 6 author-mask6authormask6author6-maskauthor6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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Author mask 7 author-mask7authormask7author7-maskauthor7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Author mask 8 author-mask8authormask8author8-maskauthor8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Author mask 9 author-mask9authormask9author9-maskauthor9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used

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संख्या वैकल्पिक
Author link author-linkauthorlinksubjectlinksubject-linkauthorlink1author-link1author1-linksubjectlink1author1linksubject-link1subject1-linksubject1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

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पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Author link 2 author-link2authorlink2author2-linksubjectlink2author2linksubject-link2subject2-linksubject2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Author link 3 author-link3authorlink3author3-linksubjectlink3author3linksubject-link3subject3-linksubject3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

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पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Author link 4 author-link4authorlink4author4-linksubjectlink4author4linksubject-link4subject4-linksubject4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

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पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Author link 5 author-link5authorlink5author5-linksubjectlink5author5linksubject-link5subject5-linksubject5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

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Author link 6 author-link6authorlink6author6-linksubjectlink6author6linksubject-link6subject6-linksubject6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

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Author link 7 author-link7authorlink7author7-linksubjectlink7author7linksubject-link7subject7-linksubject7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

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Author link 8 author-link8authorlink8author8-linksubjectlink8author8linksubject-link8subject8-linksubject8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

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Author link 9 author-link9authorlink9author9-linksubjectlink9author9linksubject-link9subject9-linksubject9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

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पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
URL access date access-dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

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Original year orig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

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Last name of second editor editor-last2editor-surname2editor2editor2-lasteditor2-surname

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

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First name of second editor editor-first2editor-given2editor2-firsteditor2-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

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Link for second editor editor-link2editor2-linkeditorlink2editor2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor

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पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Mask for second editor editor-mask2editormask2editor2-maskeditor2mask

Replaces the name of the second editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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Last name of third editor editor-last3editor-surname3editor3editor3-lasteditor3-surname

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

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First name of third editor editor-first3editor-given3editor3-firsteditor3-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

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Link for third editor editor-link3editor3-linkeditorlink3editor3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor

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Mask for third editor editor-mask3editormask3editor3-maskeditor3mask

Replaces the name of the third editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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Last name of fourth editor editor-last4editor-surname4editor4editor4-lasteditor4-surname

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

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खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
First name of fourth editor editor-first4editor-given4editor4-firsteditor4-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Link for fourth editor editor-link4editor4-linkeditorlink4editor4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Mask for fourth editor editor-mask4editormask4editor4-maskeditor4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Last name of fifth editor editor-last5editor-surname5editor5editor5-lasteditor5-surname

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
First name of fifth editor editor-first5editor-given5editor5-firsteditor5-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Link for fifth editor editor-link5editor5-linkeditorlink5editor5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Mask for fifth editor editor-mask5editormask5editor5-maskeditor5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Last name of sixth editor editor-last6editor-surname6editor6editor6-lasteditor6-surname

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
First name of sixth editor editor-first6editor-given6editor6-firsteditor6-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Link for sixth editor editor-link6editor6-linkeditorlink6editor6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Mask for sixth editor editor-mask6editormask6editor6-maskeditor6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Last name of seventh editor editor-last7editor-surname7editor7editor7-lasteditor7-surname

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
First name of seventh editor editor-first7editor-given7editor7-firsteditor7-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Link for seventh editor editor-link7editor7-linkeditorlink7editor7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Mask for seventh editor editor-mask7editormask7editor7-maskeditor7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Last name of eighth editor editor-last8editor-surname8editor8editor8-lasteditor8-surname

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
First name of eighth editor editor-first8editor-given8editor8-firsteditor8-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Link for eighth editor editor-link8editor8-linkeditorlink8editor8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Mask for eighth editor editor-mask8editormask8editor8-maskeditor8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Last name of ninth editor editor-last9editor-surname9editor9editor9-lasteditor9-surname

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
First name of ninth editor editor-first9editor-given9editor9-firsteditor9-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Link for ninth editor editor-link9editor9-linkeditorlink9editor9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Mask for ninth editor editor-mask9editormask9editor9-maskeditor9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Display Editors display-editorsdisplayeditors

Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed. |display-editors=etal displays all editors in the list followed by et al.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translator last name 2 translator-last2translator2translator2-last

The surname of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translator first name 2 translator-first2translator2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translator last name 3 translator-last3translator3translator3-last

The surname of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translator first name 3 translator-first3translator3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translator last name 4 translator-last4translator4translator4-last

The surname of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translator first name 4 translator-first4translator4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translator last name 5 translator-last5translator5translator5-last

The surname of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translator first name 5 translator-first5translator5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translator last name 6 translator-last6translator6translator6-last

The surname of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translator first name 6 translator-first6translator6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translator last name 7 translator-last7translator7translator7-last

The surname of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translator first name 7 translator-first7translator7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translator last name 8 translator-last8translator8translator8-last

The surname of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translator first name 8 translator-first8translator8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translator last name 9 translator-last9translator9translator9-last

The surname of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translator first name 9 translator-first9translator9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Translator link translator-linktranslator-link1translator1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Translator link 2 translator-link2translator2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second translator.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Translator link 3 translator-link3translator3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third translator.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Translator link 4 translator-link4translator4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth translator.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Translator link 5 translator-link5translator5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth translator.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Translator link 6 translator-link6translator6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth translator.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Translator link 7 translator-link7translator7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh translator.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Translator link 8 translator-link8translator8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth translator.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Translator link 9 translator-link9translator9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth translator.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
पृष्ठ वैकल्पिक
Chapter URL chapter-urlchapterurlcontribution-urlsection-urlcontributionurlsectionurl

The URL of the online location where the text of the chapter can be found

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Format of Chapter URL chapter-formatcontribution-formatsection-format

Format of the work referred to by chapter-url; displayed in parentheses after chapter. HTML is implied and should not be specified.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
PDF, DOC, or XLS
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
DOI broken date doi-broken-datedoi_brokendate

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
URL access level url-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Archive URL archive-urlarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Archive Format archive-format

Format of the Archive

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Archive date archive-datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Dead URL dead-urldeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Lay URL lay-urllay-summarylaysummarylayurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Lay source lay-sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Lay date lay-datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Last author ampersand last-author-amplastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Via via

Aggregate or database provider, when different from the Publisher. Typically used for Ebooks.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
Open Edition, JSTOR
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Bibcode access level bibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
DOI access level doi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
HDL access level hdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Jstor access level jstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
OpenLibrary access level ol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
OSTI access level osti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Issue issuenumber

Issue number. This parameter is not supported by and should generally not be used with cite book. Consider that a different cite template may be more appropriate, such as cite magazine or cite journal. See Help:Citation_Style_1#Pages.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Coauthor coauthor

Coauthor

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग डेप्रिकेटिड
Coauthors coauthors

Coauthors

डिफ़ॉल्ट
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उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग डेप्रिकेटिड
Authors list authorspeoplehostcredits

List of authors as a free form list. Use of this parameter is discouraged, "lastn" to "firstn" are preferable. Warning: do not use if last or any of its aliases are used.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
City of Publication city

Where published

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग डेप्रिकेटिड
Agency agency

Unusual in cite book. Use if an agency is needed in addition to publisher, etc.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक
Department department

Unusual in cite book.

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
अज्ञात वैकल्पिक
Date format df

Sets rendered dates to the specified format

डिफ़ॉल्ट
खाली
उदाहरण
खाली
Auto value
खाली
स्ट्रिंग वैकल्पिक

Testing

See Template:cite book/regression tests.

Note

Note the extra full-stop when the last author ends with an initial, and there is no date:

  • Invisible, M.. Mysterious book. 

We don't know of a practical solution to this — unless there is a way to test the characters of a field?

Citation styles

Established citation styles for coauthors:

MLA style
Last, First and First Last. "If there are more than three authors, you may list only the first author followed by the phrase et al."
APA style
Last, F. & Last, F.
Chicago Manual of Style
Last, First, and First Last.
Turabian
same as Chicago Reference List, above.
Harvard
Last, F., Last, F. & Last, F.

See also