साँचा:जीवों के वर्गीकरण की पद्धतियाँ

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Linnaeus
1735[1]
Haeckel
1866[2]
Chatton
1925[3]
Copeland
1938[4]
Whittaker
1969[5]
Woese et al.
1990[6]
Cavalier-Smith
1998[7]
2 kingdoms 3 kingdoms 2 empires 4 kingdoms 5 kingdoms 3 domains 6 kingdoms
(not treated) Protista Prokaryota Monera Monera Bacteria Bacteria
Archaea
Eukaryota Protoctista Protista Eucarya Protozoa
Chromista
Vegetabilia Plantae Plantae Plantae Plantae
Fungi Fungi
Animalia Animalia Animalia Animalia Animalia
  1. Linnaeus, C. (1735). Systemae Naturae, sive regna tria naturae, systematics proposita per classes, ordines, genera & species.
  2. Haeckel, E. (1866). Generelle Morphologie der Organismen. Reimer, Berlin.
  3. Chatton, É. (1925). "Pansporella perplexa. Réflexions sur la biologie et la phylogénie des protozoaires". Annales des Sciences Naturelles - Zoologie et Biologie Animale. 10-VII: 1–84.
  4. Copeland, H. (1938). "The kingdoms of organisms". Quarterly Review of Biology. 13: 383–420. डीओआइ:10.1086/394568.
  5. Whittaker, R. H. (January 1969). "New concepts of kingdoms of organisms". Science. 163 (3863): 150–60. PMID 5762760. डीओआइ:10.1126/science.163.3863.150. बिबकोड:1969Sci...163..150W.
  6. Woese, C.; Kandler, O.; Wheelis, M. (1990). "Towards a natural system of organisms: proposal for the domains Archaea, Bacteria, and Eucarya". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 87 (12): 4576–9. PMC 54159. PMID 2112744. डीओआइ:10.1073/pnas.87.12.4576. बिबकोड:1990PNAS...87.4576W.
  7. Cavalier-Smith, T. (1998). "A revised six-kingdom system of life". Biological Reviews. 73 (03): 203–66. PMID 9809012. डीओआइ:10.1111/j.1469-185X.1998.tb00030.x.