साँचा:जीवों के वर्गीकरण की पद्धतियाँ

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Linnaeus
1735[1]
Haeckel
1866[2]
Chatton
1925[3]
Copeland
1938[4]
Whittaker
1969[5]
Woese et al.
1990[6]
Cavalier-Smith
1998[7]
2 kingdoms 3 kingdoms 2 empires 4 kingdoms 5 kingdoms 3 domains 6 kingdoms
(not treated) Protista Prokaryota Monera Monera Bacteria Bacteria
Archaea
Eukaryota Protoctista Protista Eucarya Protozoa
Chromista
Vegetabilia Plantae Plantae Plantae Plantae
Fungi Fungi
Animalia Animalia Animalia Animalia Animalia
  1. Linnaeus, C. (1735). Systemae Naturae, sive regna tria naturae, systematics proposita per classes, ordines, genera & species. 
  2. Haeckel, E. (1866). Generelle Morphologie der Organismen. Reimer, Berlin. 
  3. Chatton, É. (1925). "Pansporella perplexa. Réflexions sur la biologie et la phylogénie des protozoaires". Annales des Sciences Naturelles - Zoologie et Biologie Animale 10-VII: 1–84. 
  4. Copeland, H. (1938). "The kingdoms of organisms". Quarterly Review of Biology 13: 383–420. doi:10.1086/394568. 
  5. Whittaker, R. H. (January 1969). "New concepts of kingdoms of organisms". Science 163 (3863): 150–60. Bibcode 1969Sci...163..150W. doi:10.1126/science.163.3863.150. PMID 5762760. 
  6. Woese, C.; Kandler, O.; Wheelis, M. (1990). "Towards a natural system of organisms: proposal for the domains Archaea, Bacteria, and Eucarya.". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 87 (12): 4576–9. Bibcode 1990PNAS...87.4576W. doi:10.1073/pnas.87.12.4576. PMC 54159. PMID 2112744. http://www.pnas.org/cgi/reprint/87/12/4576. 
  7. Cavalier-Smith, T. (1998). "A revised six-kingdom system of life". Biological Reviews 73 (03): 203–66. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.1998.tb00030.x. PMID 9809012. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=685.