शूद्र वर्ण के हिन्दू सन्त

मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
यहाँ जाएँ: भ्रमण, खोज

बहुत से प्रसिद्ध हिन्दू सन्त मूलतः शूद्र वर्ण के थे। उन्होने अपने ज्ञान तथा ईश्वर भक्ति से समाज में पूजनीय स्थान प्राप्त किया। हिन्दू समाज के सभी वर्गों के लोगों ने उन्हें सम्मान दिया और उनके उपदेशों तथा शिक्षाओं को अंगीकार किया।

नीचे दी गई सारणी में प्रमुख शूद्रवर्णीय हिन्दू सन्तों का विवरण दिया गया है-

नाम भाषा/क्षेत्र जाति पंथ/सम्प्रदाय कृतियाँ अन्य बातें
बालादेव माहिती ओडिया करन[1] वैष्णव
बलराम दास ओडिया वैष्णव (कृष्ण भक्त) One of the five Panchasakhas, born in Orissa and a major figure of Vaishnavism.,[2] he wrote the Sidhanta Damaru, Jagmohan Ramayana, and some commentaries
Bhima Dhibara Oriya Dhibara (Fisherman)[3] Vaishnava He wrote the Kapata-pasha, which re-tells the aftermath of the Mahabharata.
Bhoja Bhagat Nachabkha Gujarati Kunbi[4] Wrote artis, dholas, kafis, kirtans, mahinas, prabhatias, tithis and varas. Poet, philosopher
Bogar Tamil Goldsmith[5] Shaiva Siddhar who became a Siddhar under the guidance of Kalanginaathar. It is said that he proceeded to China to teach the ways of the Siddhars. There is a myth that Lao Tze is Bogar. Bogar’s Samadhi is to be found in the South West corridor at the Palani Muruga shrine. Vaishnava
Charan Pal Bengali Gopi (Milkman)[6] Vaishnava (Sahebdhani) The disciple of Dukhiram Pal, who founded the Sahebdhani Vaishnava sect.
Dhoyi Bengali Weaver[7] Vaishnava He wrote the Pavana-duta and his other verses are also found in the anthologies like Sadukti-Karnamrita, Subhashita-muktavali, and Sarangadhara-paddhati. He belonged to the court of Lakshman Sen, the King of Bengal.
Dukhiram Pal (also Mulicarid Pal) Bengali Gopi (Milkman)[8] Vaishnava (Sahebdhani) Founder of the Sahebdhani Vaishnava sect, and took Muslims as disciples as well.
दादू दयाल गुजराती धुनिया (रूई धुनने वाले)[9] Vaishnava (Nirguna Sampradaya - Dadu Panth) दादू पंथ के संस्थापक; हिन्दू और मुसलमानों के बीच मतभेद कम करने का कार्य किया।
Enadinatha Tamil Shanar (Toddy-tapper)[10] Shaiva
गाडगे महाराज (also Debuji Zhingraji Janorkar) मराठी कुन्बी[11] वैष्नव (विठळ के भक्त)
Goroba Marathi Kumhar (Potter)[12]
Gulabrao Maharaj Marathi Kunbi[13] He taught the Vedas to the Brahmins.
Ilakkulaccanrar Tamil Shanar[14] (Toddy-tapper) Shaiva
Jagannath Mahiti Oriya Karan[15] Vaishnava
Kashinath Mahiti Oriya Karan[16] Vaishnava His name is mentioned in the Vaishnavabandanas of Jiva Goswami.
Kumari Molla Telugu Molla (Potter)[17] Vaishnava (devotee of Rama) Wrote the Ramayanumu.
कबीर हिन्दी जुलाहा[18] Vaishnava (Nirguna Sampradaya - Kabir Panth) हिन्दू-मुसलमान एकता पर बल; दोनों के पाखण्डों का खण्डन ;
Kaliyan Tamil Oil-monger[19] Saiva
Kanakadas Kannada Kuruba[20] or Beda[21] Vaishnava (devotee of Krishna and Beeraiah)
Kahar Weaver Vaishnava (devotee of Vishnu)[22]
Kuba Punjabi Kumhar (Potter)[23] Vaishnava
Kanchipurna[24] Tamil Vaishnava (devotee of Vishnu) Disciple of Yamunacarya
Kuripputondar Tamil Vannan (Washerman)[25] Shaiva
Maraner Nambi[24] Vaishnava (devotee of Vishnu) Disciple of Yamunacarya
Matsyendranath (also Minanath) Nepali Said to be born out of a fish and then adopted by a fisherwoman[26] Shaiva (Nath Sampradaya) Worshiped by Shaivas, Vaishnavas, Tantrics and Buddhists
Mitho Gujarati Dhadhi[27] Vaishnava
Munna Das Goldsmith[28] Vaishnava (Apapanthi) Founded the Apapanthi sect of Vaishnavas that worship Lord Rama.
नामदेव मराठी शिम्पी (बुनकर)[29] वैष्णव (वरकरी विठोबा के भक्त) कृष्ण की भक्ति में अभंगों की रचना की। माना जाता है कि वे भगवान श्रीकृष्ण के अंश हैं।
Nammalvar[30] Tamil Cultivator Vaishnava (devotee of Krishna) Thiruvaymozhi, 1102 verses; Thiruvasiriyam, 7 verses; Thiruvirutham, 100 verses; Periya Thiruvandhadhi, 87 verses.
Nandanar[31] Tamil Pulaya[32] Shaiva One of 63 Nayanars.
Narahari Tamil Sunar (Goldsmith)[33] Vaishnava (devotee of Krishna) Wrote Abhangs devoted to Krishna.
Neelan Tamil Kuyavan (Potter)[34] Vaishnava Powerful warrior and king of Thirumangai (part of Chola Empire.)
Nesar Tamil Weaver[35] Shaiva Nayanar devotee of Shiva, one of 63 Shaivite saints.
Nishkulananda (also Lalji Suthar) Gujarati Suthar[36] Vaishnava (Swami Narayan) About 20 books and 3000 verses are ascribed to him. Among the books are Purushottam Prakash, Yama-danda, Bhakta-chintamani, Dhirajakhyam.
Rajjab Hindi Cottan-carder[37] Vaishnava (Nirguna Sampradaya - Dadu Panth) Disciple of Sant Dadu Dayal devotee of Rama.
Rami Janabai Marathi Dasi[38] Vaishnava (Devotee of Rama) Domestic servant in Namdev's home, and performed Vatsalya Bhakti on Lord Rama.
Rishyasringa Said to be born from a doe.[39]
Sant Tanu Pal Bengali Mahishya[40] Tantric
Tirunilajantayalppanan Tamil Musician and singer[35] Saiva
Vyas-octas Descendants of a Sudra raised to the rank of a Brahman by Vyasa Muni[41]

इन्हें भी देखें[संपादित करें]


सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

  1. P. 77 The Bhakti Movement in Orissa: A Comprehensive History by Achintya Kumar Deb
  2. P. 43, The Quarterly review of historical studies, Volume 43, Institute of Historical Studies (Calcutta, India)
  3. P. 53 A Dictionary of Indian Literature, Volume 1 By Sujit Mukherjee
  4. Akademi, p. 128 Medieval Indian Literature
  5. Bhogar One of the Greatest Siddhas of South India
  6. P. 101 Caste, Culture and Hegemony: Social Dominance in Colonial Bengal By Sekhar Bandyopadhyay
  7. P. 210 Sekasubhodaya of Halāyudha Miśra: Translated Into English and Edited with Notes and Introduction by Halāyudhamiśra
  8. P. 339 Medieval Bhakti Movements in India: Śrī Caitanya Quincentenary Commemoration Volume by Chaitanya
  9. Dadu Dayal
  10. 63 Nyayanmars
  11. p. 10 Contribution of Upasani Baba to Indian culture S. N. Tipnis
  12. P. 1177 People of India: Maharashtra, Part 2 edited by B. V. Bhanu
  13. Samartha Satguru Pradhnyachakshu Madhuradwaitacharya Shri Gulabrao Maharaj
  14. Hindu Tamil Saints: Alwars and Nayanmaars of South India
  15. P. 83 The Bhakti Movement in Orissa: A Comprehensive History by Achintya Kumar Deb
  16. P. 85 The Bhakti Movement in Orissa: A Comprehensive History by Achintya Kumar Deb
  17. P. 406 Bhāratīya Saṃskr̥ti, Volume 2 by Prabhākara Mācave
  18. p. 81 Masterworks of Asian literature in comparative perspective: a guide for teaching By Barbara Stoler Miller
  19. P. 176 Tamil Literature By Kamil Zvelebil
  20. p. 125 Annals of oriental research, Volume 32, Part 1 By University of Madras,
  21. p. 5 Priceless gold: the life and works of Sri Kanakadasa, the singer-saint of Karnataka By L. S. Seshagiri Rao
  22. Ranchi University p. 58 Journal of Social Research
  23. p. 46 Pottery-Making Cultures And Indian Civilization By Saraswati Baidyanath
  24. P. 98 A history of Indian philosophy, Volume 3 By Surendranath Dasgupta
  25. P. 212 Historical Dictionary of the Tamils By Vijaya Ramaswamy
  26. Bista, p. 34 Fatalism and Development: Nepal's Struggle for Modernization
  27. P. 578 Literary Cultures in History: Reconstructions from South Asia edited by Sheldon I. Pollock
  28. P. 27, Survey of India's social life and economic condition in the eighteenth century, 1707-1813, by Kalikinkar Datta
  29. p. 126 A Social Charter For India: Citizens Perspective Of Basic Rights By Dubey Muchkund
  30. p. 49 Temples of Kr̥ṣṇa in South India: history, art, and traditions in Tamilnāḍu By T. Padmaja
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  32. P. 212 Historical Dictionary of the Tamils By Vijaya Ramaswamy
  33. p. 31 Sages Through Ages - Volume IV: India's Heritage By K. K. Nair
  34. P. 212 Historical Dictionary of the Tamils By Vijaya Ramaswamy
  35. P. 176 Tamil Literature By Kamil Zvelebil
  36. A Dictionary of Indian Literature, Volume 1 By Sujit Mukherjee
  37. Ayyappapanicker & Akademi, p. 465 Medieval Indian Literature
  38. p. 216 Images of women in Maharashtrian literature and religion By Anne Feldhaus
  39. P. 131 Essays on the language, literature, and religion of Nepal and Tibet By Hodgson
  40. P. 101 Caste, culture, and hegemony: social domination in colonial Bengal By Śekhara Bandyopādhyāẏa
  41. P. 354, Encyclopædia metropolitana; or, Universal dictionary of knowledge, ed. by E, by Encyclopaedia