ध्वज का लाल रंग श्रम का प्रतीक है, और इसके बायीं ओर स्थित तीन सफेद ऊर्ध्वाधर धारियाँ राज्य के तीन क्षेत्र; अर्थात् जम्मू, कश्मीर और लद्दाख़ को दर्शाती हैं। इसके अतिरिक्त ध्वज में बाईं और एक सफ़ेद हल भी है। इसकी लम्बाई और चौड़ाई का अनुपात ३:२ है।
नारंगी, पीले तथा हरे रंग की तीन बराबर लंबाई वाली क्षैतिज धारियां, जिनमें सबसे ऊपर वाली में एक आध खुला कमल है, तथा सबसे नीचे वाली धारी में सूर्य तथा चन्द्रमा है। इसके केंद्र में देवनागरी में वन्दे मातरम् लिखा हुआ है। [Note 1]
↑The partition of Bengal (1905) resulted in the introduction of a new Indian flag that sought to unite the multitude of castes and races within the country. The Vande Mataram flag, part of the Swadeshi movement against the British, comprised Indian religious symbols represented in western heraldic fashion. The tricolour flag included eight white lotuses on the upper green band representing the eight provinces, a sun and a crescent on the bottom red band, and the Vande Mataram slogan in Hindi on the central yellow band. The flag was launched in Calcutta bereft of any ceremony and the launch was only briefly covered by newspapers. The flag was not covered in contemporary governmental or political reports either, but was used at the annual session of the Indian National Congress. A slightly modified version was subsequently used by Madam Bhikaji Cama at the Second Socialist International Meeting in Stuttgart. Despite the multiple uses of the flag, it failed to generate enthusiasm amongst Indian nationalists.
↑Around the same time, another proposal for the flag was initiated by Sister Nivedita, a Hindu reformist and disciple of Swami Vivekananda. The flag consisted of a thunderbolt in the centre and a hundred and eight oil lamps for the border, with the Vande Mataram caption split around the thunderbolt. It was also presented at the Indian National Congress meeting in 1906. Soon, many other proposals were initiated, but none of them gained attention from the nationalist movement.
↑In 1916, Suraiya Tayyabji submitted thirty new designs, in the form of a booklet funded by members of the High Court of Madras. These many proposals and recommendations did little more than keep the flag movement alive. The same year, Annie Besant and Bal Gangadhar Tilak adopted a new flag as part of the Home Rule Movement. The flag included the Union Jack in the upper left corner, a star and crescent in the upper right, and seven stars displayed diagonally from the lower right, on a background of five red and four green alternating bands. The flag resulted in the first governmental initiative against any nationalistic flag, as a magistrate in Coimbatore banned its use. The ban was followed by a public debate on the function and importance of a national flag.