भारतीय स्वतंत्रता के पूर्व के आदिवासी विद्रोह

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सन १९४७ में भारत के स्वतन्त्र होने से पूर्व जनजातीय लोगों द्वारा अनेक अंग्रेजों के विरुद्ध अनेक विद्रोह किये गये। नीचे इन विद्रोहों का कालक्रम से संक्षिप्त वर्णन दिया गया है-

१८वीं शताब्दी[संपादित करें]

  • 1766-72: राजा जगन्नाथ के नेतृत्व में चौर विद्रोह
  • 1774-79: Halba rebellion in Dongar (By Halba tribes in Bastar Chhattisgarh) against British armies and the Marathas.
  • 1778: Revolt of the Pahariya Sardars of Chhotonagpur against the British Government.
  • 1784-1785: Uprising of the Koli tribes in Maharashtra.
  • 1789: Revolt of the Tamar of Chhotonagpur.
  • 1794-1795: The Tamars revolted again.
  • 1798: The revolt of the tribals against the sale of Panchet estate.

१९वीं शताब्दी[संपादित करें]

1850     The Kond tribe revolted in Orissa under leadership of chief Bisoi.
  • 1855 The 'Great Rebellion'by the Santal community against the British in Eastern India led by Sido and Kanho, claiming to have supernatural powers.
  • 1857-1858 The Bhil revolted again under the leadership of Bhagoji Naik and Kajar Singh.
  • 1860 The Lushai tribal people raided the then British Tripura and killed 186 British subjects.
  • 1860-1862 The Synteng tribalaintia Hills district|Jaintia Hills]] in North-East India.
  • 1861 The Juang tribal community revolted in Orissa.
  • 1862 The Koya tribal community revolted in Andhra against tribal landlords called 'Muttader' in tribal dialect.
  • 1869-1870 The Santal people revolted at Dhanbad in Eastern India against a local monarch.The British mediated to settle dispute.
  • 1879 The Naga tribal people revolted in North-Eastern India.
  • 1880 The Koya revolted again at Malkangiri in Orissa under leadership of Tammandora.
  • 1883 The Sentinelese tribal people of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Indian Ocean attacked the British.
  • 1889 The mass agitation by the Munda against the British in Eastern India.
  • 1891 The tribals of North-East India revolted against the British under leadership of Tikendraji Singh.
  • 1892 The Lushei people revolted against the British repeatedly.
  • 1895 The famous revolt by the Munda tribal community under leadership of Birsa Munda.Later,Birsa was arrested.

२०वीं शताब्दी[संपादित करें]

  • 1911 The uprising of the tribal people of Bastar.
  • 1913-1914 Tana Bhagat movement in Bihar
  • 1913 samp sabha by guru govind & 1507 bhil people against British at mangadh hill
  • 1917-1919 Kuki Uprising in Manipur against British colonialism under the leadership of their chieftains called haosa
  • 1920-1921 Tana Bhagat movement happened again.
  • 1922 The Koya tribal community revolted at Rampa against the British under leadership of Alluri Sree Rama Raju.
  • 1932 The Nagas revolted under leadership of 13 year old Rani Guidallo in North-Eastern India.
  • 1941 The Gond and the Kolam revolted in collaboration against British Government in the Adilabad district of the state of Telangana.
  • 1942 Tribal revolt under leadership of Lakshmana Naik at Koraput in Orissa.
  • 1942-1945 The tribes of Andaman and Nicobar islands revolted against occupation of their islands by Japanese troops during world war.

सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

  • Khan, Ismail. 1986. Indian tribe through the ages. Vikas publishing house, New Delhi.
  • S. Gajrani. 2004. History, Religion and Culture of India: History, religion and culture of Central India Gyan Publishing House, India
  • Gautam Bhadra. 1975. “The Kuki (?) Uprising (1917-1919): Its causes and Nature,” Man in India, vol.55,1, pp. 10–56