मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
यहाँ जाएँ: भ्रमण, खोज

बेलीज़ यह उत्तर अमेरिका महाद्वीप में केरिबियन क्षेत्र में एक देश है।


अर्थव्यवस्था[संपादित करें]

छोटे, अनिवार्य रूप से निजी उद्यम अर्थव्यवस्था मुख्य रूप से कृषि, कृषि आधारित उद्योग, और बिक्री पर आधारित है, पर्यटन और निर्माण के साथ अधिक से अधिक महत्व संभालने। चीनी, मुख्य फसल, निर्यात का लगभग आधा है, जबकि केले उद्योग देश की सबसे बड़ी नियोक्ता है . साइट्रस उत्पादन चिड़ियों राजमार्ग के साथ एक प्रमुख उद्योग बन गया है। हाल ही में, Cayo जिला में पेट्रोलियम जमा और टोलेडो जिले में संभव जमा की खोजों मौलिक बेलीज के पहले अप्रयुक्त खनन बदल दिया है

सत्तारूढ़ सरकार की विस्तारवादी मौद्रिक और राजकोषीय नीतियों, सितम्बर 1998 में शुरू की, 1999 में 6.4% की जीडीपी विकास दर और 2000 में 10.5% का नेतृत्व किया। विकास दर वैश्विक मंदी और गंभीर तूफान के नुकसान की वजह से 3% करने के लिए 2001 में गिरावटकृषि, मत्स्य पालन और पर्यटन के लिए। ग्रोथ 2005 में 3.8% में था.प्रमुख चिंताओं में तेजी से विस्तार के व्यापार घाटे और विदेशी कर्ज होना जारी है। एक प्रमुख अल्पकालिक उद्देश्य अंतरराष्ट्रीय दानदाताओं की मदद से गरीबी में कमी बनी हुई है।

Demographics[संपादित करें]

बेलीज की आबादी का सबसे बड़ा हिस्सा Demographics The Belizeans 30. लगभग 40% से कम आयु के 15 के तहत कर रहे हैं; एक समान संख्या, 15 और 65 वर्ष की उम्र के पुरुषों में थोड़ा महिलाओं की संख्या से बढ़ना के बीच रहे हैं, हालांकि इस प्रवृत्ति एमो बदलने के लिए शुरुआत है

Belize's birth rate currently stands at nearly 25/1000. Nearly 6 persons die per year out of a 1,000 members of the population; this figure includes murders, accidents and death from natural causes. Infant mortality, high at the beginning of the 20th century, is now down to a mere 24 babies out of a thousand. Male babies are more likely to die, however, than females. The life expectancy of a typical male is 66 years, while for a female it is 70. HIV/AIDS, while not a serious threat to national stability, does affect enough of the population to give Belize a high rating among Caribbean and Central American nations.

Ethnic groups, nationalities[संपादित करें]

According to the latest census, the country's population is close to 300,000, and much of that number is multiracial and multiethnic. The Maya are the most established of all ethnic groupings, having been in Belize and the Yucatán region since the 500's AD. However, much of Belize's original Maya population was wiped out due to disease and conflicts between tribes and with Europeans. Three Maya groups now inhabit the country: Yucatecs (who came from Yucatán, Mexico to escape the Caste War), Mopans (indigenous to Belize, but were forced out by the British; they returned from Guatemala to evade slavery), and Kekchi (also fled from slavery in Guatemala).[1]

White English and Scottish settlers entered the area in the 1630s to cut logwood for export and began settling down. The first African slaves began arriving from elsewhere in the Caribbean and Africa and began intermarrying with whites and each other, to create the Belizean Kriol people ethnic grouping. After 1800, Mestizo settlers from Mexico and Guatemala began to settle in the North; the Garifuna, a mix of African and Carib ancestry, settled in the South by way of Honduras not long after that.

The 1900s saw the arrival of Asian settlers from Mainland China, India, Taiwan, Korea, Syria, and Lebanon. Central American immigrants and expatriate Americans and Africans also began to settle in the country, presenting an interesting potage. However, this was balanced by the migration of Creoles and other ethnic groups to the United States and elsewhere for better opportunities. Estimates have generally placed the number of the Belizean diaspora, consisting mainly of Kriol and Garifuna, at an amount roughly equal to the number currently living in Belize.

Ethnic group mixing, and languages[संपादित करें]

[[चित्र:Menonite Children.JPG|right|thumb|200px|Menonite Children selling peanuts near Racial tension is very uncommon because of the multicultural environment of the society, and the constant admixture of the different ethnic groups. Many people simply identify as "Belizean", due to the numerous racial mixture. Because of this, the ethnic composition of the country is some times hard to determine, but self identified Mestizos comprise 50% of the population, and Kriol 25%. The rest is a mix of Maya, Garifuna, Mennonite Dutch/German farmers, Central Americans, whites from America, and many other foreign groups brought to assist the country's development. Not surprisingly, this mix creates an equally interesting mix of language and communication. English is the official language due to the fact that Belize was a British colony and still has ties to Britain. However, most Belizeans use the more familiar Belize Creole, a raucous and playful English-based language that contains colourful terms which are usually translatable in English. Spanish has become important as the mother tongue of Mestizo and Central American settlers, and is a second language for much of the country. Less well known are the ancient Maya dialects, Garifuna (a mélange of Spanish, Carib and other tongues) and the Dutch-German of the Mennonites. Literacy currently stands at near 80%.

Religion[संपादित करें]

Belize is a predominantly Christian society. Roman Catholicism is accepted by about half of the population, and Protestantism by about one-fourth. Much of the remaining population is comprised of Taoists, Buddhists and more recently introduced religions like Jainists, Islam, and Bahá'í. Hinduism is common among South Asian immigrants; Islam is also common among the Middle-eastern immigrants and has also gained a following among Creoles and Garifuna. Religious freedom is guaranteed and churches dot the streets of Belize almost as frequently as places of business; catholics frequently visit the country for special gospel revivals.

Ethnic groups[संपादित करें]

Material in some of these articles comes from the CIA World Factbook 2000 and the 2003 U.S. Department of State website.

Gallery[संपादित करें]

External links[संपादित करें]

सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

  1. Cho, Julian (1998). Maya Homeland. University of California Berkeley Geography Department and the Toledo Maya of Southern Belize. Retrieved 4 जनवरी 2007.