एबेल पुरस्कार

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एबेल पुरस्कार (अंग्रेज़ी: Abel Prize) एक पुरस्कार है जो हर वर्ष नॉर्वे का राजा गणित में बकाया कार्य करने वालों को देते हैं। इसका रकम ६० लाख नॉर्वेजियन क्रोन है। यह पुरस्कार २००३ में शुरू हुआ। [1]

विजेताओं[संपादित करें]

साल विजेताओं Image देश संस्था Citation
2003 सेर, जीन-पियरजीन-पियर सेर Jean-Pierre Serre Flag of France.svg फ़्रान्स Collège de France "For playing a key role in shaping the modern form of many parts of mathematics, including topology, algebraic geometry and number theory."[2]
2004 अटीयाह, माइकलमाइकल अटीयाह Michael Atiya Flag of the United Kingdom.svg यूनाइटेड किंगडम University of Edinburgh "For their discovery and proof of the index theorem, bringing together topology, geometry and analysis, and their outstanding role in building new bridges between mathematics and theoretical physics."[3]
सिङर, इसडोरइसडोर सिङर Isadore Singer Flag of the United States.svg संयुक्त राज्य Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyUniversity of California, Berkeley
2005 लैक्स, पीटरपीटर लैक्स Peter Lax Flag of Hungary.svg हंगरी[4] / Flag of the United States.svg संयुक्त राज्य Courant Institute "For his groundbreaking contributions to the theory and application of partial differential equations and to the computation of their solutions."[5]
2006 कार्ल्सन, लेन्नर्टलेन्नर्ट कार्ल्सन Lennart Carleson Flag of Sweden.svg स्वीडन[6] Royal Institute of Technology "For his profound and seminal contributions to harmonic analysis and the theory of smooth dynamical systems."[7]
2007 वर्धन, श्रीनिवास एस आरश्रीनिवास एस आर वर्धन S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan Flag of India.svg भारत / Flag of the United States.svg संयुक्त राज्य[8] Courant Institute "For his fundamental contributions to probability theory and in particular for creating a unified theory of large deviation."[9]
2008 तॉंप्सन, जॉन जी.जॉन जी. तॉंप्सन John Griggs Thompson Flag of the United States.svg संयुक्त राज्य University of Florida "For their profound achievements in algebra and in particular for shaping modern group theory."[10]
टिट्स्, जैखजैख टिट्स् Jacques Tits Flag of Belgium.svg बेल्जियम / Flag of France.svg फ़्रान्स[11] Collège de France
2009 ग्रोमोव, मिखेलमिखेल ग्रोमोव Mikhail Leonidovich Gromov Flag of Russia.svg रूस / Flag of France.svg फ़्रान्स[12] Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques[13] and Courant Institute[14] "For his revolutionary contributions to geometry."[15]
2010 टेट, जॉनजॉन टेट John Tate Flag of the United States.svg संयुक्त राज्य University of Texas at Austin "For his vast and lasting impact on the theory of numbers."[16]
2011 मिल्नर, जॉनजॉन मिल्नर John Milnor Flag of the United States.svg संयुक्त राज्य[17] Stony Brook University "For pioneering discoveries in topology, geometry, and algebra."[18]
2012 ज़ेमेरेडि, एन्ड्रेएन्ड्रे ज़ेमेरेडि Endre Szemeredi Flag of Hungary.svg हंगरी / Flag of the United States.svg संयुक्त राज्य[19] Alfréd Rényi Instituteand Rutgers University "For his fundamental contributions to discrete mathematics and theoretical computer science, and in recognition of the profound and lasting impact of these contributions on additive number theory and ergodic theory."[20]
2013 डिलाइन, पीयेरपीयेर डिलाइन Pierre Deligne Flag of Belgium.svg बेल्जियम Institute for Advanced Study "For seminal contributions to algebraic geometry and for their transformative impact on number theory, representation theory, and related fields."[21]
2014 सिनाइ, याकोवयाकोव सिनाइ Yakov G Sinai Flag of Russia.svg रूस / Flag of the United States.svg संयुक्त राज्य Princeton University and Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics[22] "For his fundamental contributions to dynamical systems, ergodic theory, and mathematical physics."[23]
2015 नैश जूनियर, जॉन फोर्ब्सजॉन फोर्ब्स नैश जूनियर John Forbes Nash Jr. Flag of the United States.svg संयुक्त राज्य Princeton University "For striking and seminal contributions to the theory of nonlinear partial differential equations and its applications to geometric analysis."[24]
निरेनबर्ग्, लूईलूई निरेनबर्ग् Louis Nirenberg Flag of Canada.svg कनाडा / Flag of the United States.svg संयुक्त राज्य Courant Institute
2016 वाइल्स, एन्ड्रूएन्ड्रू वाइल्स Andrew Wiles Flag of the United Kingdom.svg यूनाइटेड किंगडम University of Oxford[25][26] "For his stunning proof of Fermat's Last Theorem by way of the modularity conjecture for semistable elliptic curves, opening a new era in number theory."[27]
2017 मेयर, वेसवेस मेयर Yves Meyer Flag of France.svg फ़्रान्स École normale supérieure Paris-Saclay "For his pivotal role in the development of the mathematical theory of wavelets."[28]
2018 लैङ्लैन्ड्स, रौबर्टरौबर्ट लैङ्लैन्ड्स Robert Langlands Flag of Canada.svg कनाडा / Flag of the United States.svg संयुक्त राज्य[29] Institute for Advanced Study "For his visionary program connecting representation theory to number theory."[30]
2019 उहलेनबेक, करेनकरेन उहलेनबेक Karen Uhlenbeck Flag of the United States.svg संयुक्त राज्य[31] University of Texas at Austin "For her pioneering achievements in geometric partial differential equations, gauge theory and integrable systems, and for the fundamental impact of her work on analysis, geometry and mathematical physics."[32][33]

सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

  1. "The Abel Prize". www.abelprize.no. अभिगमन तिथि 2018-12-22.
  2. "The Abel Prize Laureate 2003". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 23 December 2012.
  3. "The Abel Prize Laureate 2004". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 23 December 2012.
  4. "Peter Lax | Simons Foundation". Simons Foundation. अभिगमन तिथि 2015-11-12.
  5. "The Abel Prize Laureate 2005". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 23 December 2012.
  6. "Swedish mathematician receives the Abel Prize". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 23 December 2012.
  7. "The Abel Prize Laureate 2006". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 23 December 2012.
  8. "Fields Institute – Thematic Program on Dynamic and Transport in Disordered Systems". Fields Institute for Research in Mathematical Sciences. अभिगमन तिथि 23 December 2012.
  9. "The Abel Prize Laureate 2007". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 23 December 2012.
  10. "The Abel Prize Laureate 2008". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 23 December 2012.
  11. "Abel Prize Ceremony 2008". The Royal Norwegian Embassy in Seoul. अभिगमन तिथि 23 December 2012.
  12. "Russian-French mathematician receives the Abel Prize". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 23 December 2012.
  13. "The Abel Committee's Citation 2009". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 9 August 2016.
  14. Foderaro, Lisa W. (31 May 2009). "In N.Y.U.'s Tally of Abel Prizes for Mathematics, Gromov Makes Three". The New York Times. अभिगमन तिथि 17 October 2012.
  15. "The Abel Prize Laureate 2009". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 9 August 2016.
  16. "The Abel Prize Laureate 2010". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 23 December 2012.
  17. "Dimension-Cruncher: Exotic Spheres Earn Mathematician John Milnor an Abel Prize". Scientific American. अभिगमन तिथि 23 December 2012.
  18. "The Abel Prize Laureate 2011". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 23 December 2012.
  19. "Hungarian-American Endre Szemerédi named Abel Prize winner". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 23 December 2012.
  20. "The Abel Prize Laureate 2012". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 23 December 2012.
  21. "The Abel Prize Laureate 2013". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 20 June 2013.
  22. "The Abel Committee's Citation 2014". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 9 August 2016.
  23. "The Abel Prize Laureate 2014". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 26 March 2014.
  24. "The Abel Prize Laureates 2015". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 9 August 2016.
  25. "The Abel Committee's Citation 2016". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 9 August 2016.
  26. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Sir Andrew J. Wiles receives the Abel Prize. प्रेस रिलीज़. http://www.abelprize.no/binfil/download.php?tid=67066. अभिगमन तिथि: 9 August 2016. 
  27. "The Abel Prize Laureate 2016". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 15 March 2016.
  28. "The Abel Prize Laureate 2017". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 21 March 2017.
  29. http://www.nasonline.org, National Academy of Sciences -. "Robert Langlands". www.nasonline.org.
  30. "The Abel Prize Laureate 2018". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 20 March 2018.
  31. http://www.nasonline.org, National Academy of Sciences -. "Karen Uhlenbeck". www.nasonline.org.
  32. "Karen Uhlenbeck first woman to win the Abel Prize". The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. अभिगमन तिथि 19 March 2019.
  33. Chang, Kenneth (19 March 2019). "Karen Uhlenbeck Is First Woman to Receive Abel Prize in Mathematics - Dr. Uhlenbeck helped pioneer geometric analysis, developing techniques now commonly used by many mathematicians". The New York Times. अभिगमन तिथि 19 March 2019.