ईरान और सउदी अरब का परोक्ष युद्ध

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इरान और सउदी अरब का परोक्ष युद्ध
the Arab Spring and Arab Winter का भाग
Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict.png
साँचा:Leftlegendसाँचा:Leftlegendसाँचा:Leftlegend
तिथि 1979 – present[1][2]
स्थान Middle East, Africa, Central Asia, and South Asia
Status Ongoing
योद्धा

ईरान Iran

सेनानायक
ईरान Ali Khamenei
(Supreme Leader of Iran)
ईरान Hassan Rouhani
(President of Iran)
ईरान Qasem Soleimani
(Quds Force commander)
सीरिया Bashar Al Assad
(President of Syria)
Hassan Nasrallah
(Secretary-General of Hezbollah)
22x20px Hadi Al-Amiri
(Leader of the Badr Organization)
Abdul-Malik Badreddin al-Houthi
(Leader of Ansar Allah)
यमन Ali Abdullah Saleh
(Former President of Yemen)
Mohammad Ali Jafari
(Commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps)[18][19][20]
सउदी अरब King Salman
(King of Saudi Arabia)
सउदी अरब Mohammad bin Salman
(Minister of Defense)
सउदी अरब Abdulaziz bin Saud
(Minister of Interior)[21]
सउदी अरब Thamer al-Sabhan
(Gulf Affairs Minister)[22][23][24]
सउदी अरब Obeid Fadel Al-Shammari
(Commander of Saudi Arabia Force in Yemen)[25]
सउदी अरब Fahd Bin Turki Bin Abdulaziz
(Commander of the Ground Forces)[26]
Hassan bin Hamza al-Shehri
(Commander of the PSF)[27]
संयुक्त अरब अमीरात सीरिया Albay Ahmed Berri
(Free Syrian Army Chief of Staff)
यमन Abd Rabbuh Hadi
(current President of Yemen)
बहरीन King Hamad
(King of Bahrain)
लेबनान Saad Hariri
(Prime Minister of Lebanon)[28][29]

ईरान और सउदी अरब का परोक्ष युद्ध उस संघर्ष को कहते हैं जो वर्तमान समय में मध्य पूर्व तथा आसपास के क्षेत्रों पर अपना-अपना प्रभाव जमाने के लिए सउदी अरब तथा ईरान के बीच चल रहा है। इसे 'ईरान-सउदी अरब शीतयुद्ध' या 'मध्यपूर्व शीतयुद्ध' भी कहते हैं। [40]

सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

  1. Joyner, Alfred (4 January 2016). "Iran vs Saudi Arabia: The Middle East cold war explained". International Business Times. अभिगमन तिथि 11 August 2017.
  2. Poole, Thom (20 October 2017). "Iran and Saudi Arabia's great rivalry explained". BBC News. अभिगमन तिथि 23 September 2016.
  3. "Bahrain: Widespread Suppression, Scant Reforms". Human Rights Watch.
  4. Henderson, Simon (12 June 2014). "The Battle for Iraq Is a Saudi War on Iran". Foreign Policy. अभिगमन तिथि 26 October 2017.
  5. Chulov, Martin (4 January 2016). "Saudi Arabia cuts diplomatic ties with Iran after execution of cleric". The Guardian.
  6. "Bahrain cuts diplomatic ties with Iran". Al Jazeera. 4 January 2016. अभिगमन तिथि 14 April 2017.
  7. "Saudi Arabia and Gulf allies warn against Lebanon travel". BBC News. 24 February 2016. अभिगमन तिथि 12 July 2017.
  8. Daoud, David (March 2015). "Meet the Proxies: How Iran Spreads Its Empire through Terrorist Militias". The Tower Magazine (24). अभिगमन तिथि 18 August 2016.
  9. Hashim, Ahmed Salah (29 January 2016), "Saudi-Iranian Rivalry and Conflict: Shia Province as Casus Belli?" (PDF), RSIS Commentary, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (22), अभिगमन तिथि 18 August 2016
  10. Abedin, Mahan (26 October 2006). "Saudi Shi'ites: New light on an old divide". Asia Times Online. अभिगमन तिथि 24 April 2017.
  11. Goulka, Jeremiah; Hansell, Lydia; Wilke, Elizabeth; Larson, Judith (2009). "The Mujahedin-e Khalq in Iraq: a policy conundrum" (PDF). RAND Corporation. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-0-8330-4701-4.
  12. Hossein Mousavian, Seyyed (21 July 2016). "From Iran to Nice, We Must Confront All Terrorism to End Terrorism". Huffington Post. अभिगमन तिथि 18 August 2016.
  13. Karami, Arash (2 August 2016). "Were Saudis behind Abbas-MEK meeting?". Al-Monitor. अभिगमन तिथि 18 August 2016.
  14. Iddon, Paul (28 July 2016). "Erbil is not another front in the Saudi-Iran regional proxy war". Rudaw. अभिगमन तिथि 20 June 2017.
  15. Dehghanpisheh, Babak (4 September 2016). "To Iranian eyes, Kurdish unrest spells Saudi incitement". Reuters. अभिगमन तिथि 2 November 2017.
  16. "Jaish al-Adl Claims Saudi Riyal Donation from Unnamed "Philanthropist"". SITE Intelligence Group. 22 September 2015.
  17. Javedanfar, Meir (30 October 2013). "Saudi-Backed Salafists Returning to Iran's Border?". Al-Monitor.
  18. Pileggi, Tamar (15 March 2016). "Iran denies top general called Saudi, not Israel, its enemy". The Times of Israel. अभिगमन तिथि 15 November 2017.
  19. "Iran Guards head calls Saudi Arabia 'terrorist state'". The Times of Israel. 4 July 2017. अभिगमन तिथि 15 November 2017.
  20. "Saudi Arabia, Zionist regime behind resignation of Lebanese PM". Mehr News Agency. 5 November 2017. अभिगमन तिथि 15 November 2017.
  21. "PROFILE: New Saudi Interior Minister Prince Abdulaziz bin Saud bin Nayef". Al Arabiya English. 21 June 2017. अभिगमन तिथि 15 November 2017.
  22. Frantzman, Seth J. (8 November 2017). "Riyadh's 'anti-Hezbollah minister'". The Jerusalem Post. अभिगमन तिथि 15 November 2017.
  23. "Saudi minister visits Raqqa for talks to reconstruction it". Okaz English. अभिगमन तिथि 22 October 2017.
  24. Perry, Tom; Barrington, Lisa (6 November 2017). "Saudi Arabia says Lebanon declares war, deepening crisis". Reuters. अभिगमन तिथि 15 November 2017.
  25. تعيين المقدم عبيد فاضل الشمري بدلًا من السهيان
  26. "Saudi deputy crown prince grants ground forces chief new military rank". Al Arabiya. 25 April 2017. अभिगमन तिथि 23 June 2017.
  27. BDF Commander-in-Chief meets new Joint Peninsula Shield Forces Commander, Bahrain News Agency.
  28. Narayan, Chandrika (5 November 2017). "Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri resigns". CNN. अभिगमन तिथि 15 November 2017.
  29. Karam, Zeina (4 November 2017). "Lebanon's prime minister just resigned 'over plot to target his life'". The Independent. अभिगमन तिथि 15 November 2017.
  30. Henderson, Simon (21 February 2014). "Saudi Arabia's Domestic and Foreign Intelligence Challenges". Washington Institute for Near East Policy. अभिगमन तिथि 24 February 2014.
  31. Lippman, Thomas W. (16 April 2014). "Saudi Intel Chief Prince Bandar Is Out, But Is He Really Out?". Middle East Institute. अभिगमन तिथि 14 July 2014.
  32. Knickmeyer, Ellen; Entous, Adam (19 February 2014). "Saudi Arabia Replaces Key Official in Effort to Arm Syria Rebels". The Wall Street Journal. अभिगमन तिथि 25 February 2014.
  33. "'No Relations' with Israel Until Return to '67 Borders'". The Jerusalem Post. 5 November 2010. अभिगमन तिथि 21 November 2017.
  34. "Saudi talk of 'regime change' takes hostility to Iran to new level". The Guardian. 12 July 2016. अभिगमन तिथि 21 November 2017.
  35. "Saudi prince angers Tehran by calling for downfall of Iranian regime". Rudaw. 10 July 2016. अभिगमन तिथि 21 November 2017.
  36. Shaheen, Kareem (15 November 2014). "STL puts Assad under scrutiny in Hariri case". The Daily Star. अभिगमन तिथि 21 November 2017.
  37. {{cite news|title= Hariri murder: UN tribunal issues arrest warrants|agency=BBC News|date=30 June 2011|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-13972350%7Caccessdate=21 November 2017
  38. Muqbil Al Saeri (March 2011). "A talk with Peninsula Shield force commander Mutlaq bin Salem Al Azima". Asharq al-Awsat. मूल से 29 March 2011 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 29 March 2011.
  39. Bronner, Ethan; Michael Slackman (2011-03-14). "Saudi Troops Enter Bahrain to Help Put Down Unrest, page 1". The New York Times. मूल से 2011-03-17 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 2011-03-17., Bronner, Ethan; Michael Slackman (2011-03-14). "Saudi Troops Enter Bahrain to Help Put Down Unrest, page 2". The New York Times. मूल से 2011-03-17 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 2011-03-17.
  40. Fitch, Asa (6 November 2017). "Iran-Saudi Cold War Intensifies as Militant Threat Fades". The Wall Street Journal. अभिगमन तिथि 14 November 2017.