लॉजिक परिवार

मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
यहाँ जाएँ: भ्रमण, खोज

तर्क परिवार[संपादित करें]

एकीकृत परिपथ में उपलब्ध लोजिक परिवारों के वैशिष्ट्य की सारणी[संपादित करें]

परिवार परिचय प्रोपेगेशन की देरी (ns) टोगिल स्पीड (MHz) शक्ति व्यय प्रति गेट @1 MHz (mW) सप्लाई वोल्टेज V (रेंज) आगमन का वर्ष टिप्पणी
RTL प्रतिरोध-ट्रांजिस्टर लोजिक __ 4 10 3.3 1963 अपोलो गाइडेंस कम्प्युटर में प्रयुक्त प्रथम CPU की आईसी में RTL ही उपयोग किया गया था।
DTL Diode–transistor logic __ __ 10 5 1962 सिग्नेतिक्स (Signetics) द्वारा लाया गया, सन १९६४ में फेयरचाइल्ड की 930 श्रृंखला औद्योगिक मानक बन गयी।
CMOS AC/ACT 3 125 0.5 3.3 or 5 (2-6 or 4.5-5.5) 1985 ACT के लेवल TTL के कम्पिटेबल होते हैं।
CMOS HC/HCT 9 30 0.5 5 (2-6 or 4.5-5.5) 1982 HCT has TTL compatible levels
CMOS 4000B/74C 30 5 1.2 10V (3-18) 1970 Approximately half speed and power at 5 volts
TTL Original series 10 25 10 5 (4.75-5.25) 1964 Several manufacturers
TTL L 33 3 1 5 (4.75-5.25) 1964 Low power
TTL H 6 43 22 5 (4.75-5.25) 1964 High speed
TTL S 3 110 19 5 (4.75-5.25) 1969 Schottky high speed
TTL LS 10 33 2 5 (4.75-5.25) 1976 Low power Schottky high speed
TTL ALS 4 34 1.3 5 (4.5-5.5) 1976 Advanced Low power Schottky
TTL F 3.5 100 5.4 5 (4.75-5.25) 1979 Fast
TTL AS 2 105 8 5 (4.5-5.5) 1980 Advanced Schottky
TTL G 1.5 1125 (1.125 GHz) 1.65 - 3.6 2004 First GHz 7400 series logic
ECL ECL III 1 500 60 -5.2(-5.19 - -5.21) 1968 Improved ECL
ECL MECL I 8 31 -5.2 1962 first integrated logic circuit commercially produced
ECL ECL 10K 2 125 25 -5.2(-5.19 - -5.21) 1971 Motorola
ECL ECL 100K .75 350 40 -4.5(-4.2 - -5.2) 1981
ECL ECL 100KH 1 250 25 -5.2(-4.9 - -5.5) 1981

कुछ प्रमुख आईसी का परिचय[संपादित करें]

7400 शृंखला[संपादित करें]

बफर, इन्वर्टर[संपादित करें]

  • 7404:6 circuit Inverter
  • 7405:6 Inverter circuit (output open collector)
  • (Open collector, high-voltage output) Inverter circuit 7406:6
  • (Open collector, high-voltage output) Buffer 7407:6 circuit
  • Inverter circuit 7414:6 (type Schmitt trigger)
  • (Open collector, high-voltage output) Inverter circuit 7416:6
  • (Open collector, high-voltage output) Buffer 7417:6 circuit
  • 7419:6 circuit Inverter (Schmitt trigger type)
  • Buffer circuit 7434:6
  • Buffer 7435:6 circuit (open collector output)
  • Buffer circuit 7463:6 (input current-driven)
  • 74125:4 circuit Buffer (3-State: Gate is negative logic)
  • 74126:4 circuit Buffer (3-State: The gate is positive logic)
  • 74226:4 bit bidirectional bus transceiver (with latch)
  • 74240:8 bit Buffer (3-State)
  • 74241:8 bit Buffer (3-State)
  • 74242:4 bit bidirectional bus transceiver
  • 74243:4 bit bidirectional bus transceiver
  • 74244:8 bit bus transceiver
  • 74245:8 bit bidirectional bus transceiver
  • Buffer / Inverter circuit 74265:4
  • 74365:6 bus driver circuit
  • 74366:6 bus driver circuit
  • 74367:6 bus driver circuit
  • 74368:6 bus driver circuit
  • Buffer circuit 74425:4
  • 74426:4 bidirectional bus transceiver circuit
  • 74427:4 bus transceiver 3-way circuit
  • 74449:4 bidirectional bus transceiver circuit
  • 74465:8 circuit Buffer (3-State)
  • 74466:8 circuit Buffer (3-State)
  • 74467:8 circuit Buffer (3-State)
  • 74468:8 circuit Buffer (3-State)
  • Buffer circuit bus 74540:8
  • Buffer circuit bus 74541:8
  • 74623:8 bit bidirectional bus transceiver

NAND / AND गेट[संपादित करें]

  • 7400 चार, 2-इनपुट वाले NAND गेट
  • 7400: 2-input NAND gate (चार)
  • 7401 : दो इन्पुट वाले NAND gate (चार) (Different pinout from the 7400 open collector output)
  • 7408: 2-input AND gate circuit (4)
  • 7409: 2-input AND gate circuit (4) (open collector output)
  • 7410: 3-input NAND gate circuit (3)
  • 7411: 3-input AND gate circuit (3)
  • 7412: 3-input AND gate circuit (3) (open collector output)
  • 4-input NAND gate circuit 7413:2 (type Schmitt trigger)
  • 3-input AND gate circuit 7415:3 (open collector output)
  • 4-input NAND gate circuit 7418:2 (type Schmitt trigger)
  • 4-input NAND gate circuit 7420:2
  • 4-input AND gate circuit 7421:2
  • 4-input NAND gate circuit 7422:2 (open collector output)
  • 2-input NAND gate circuit 7426:4 (high-voltage)
  • Input NAND gate circuit 8 7430:1
  • 2-input NAND gate circuit 7437:4
  • 2-input AND gate circuit 7438:4 (open collector output)
  • 4-input NAND gate circuit 7440:2
  • 2-input NAND gate circuit 74132:4 (type Schmitt trigger)
  • Input NAND gate circuit 13 74133:1
  • 4-input NAND gate circuit 74140:2 (50Ω line driver)

NOR / OR गेट[संपादित करें]

  • 7402: 2-input NOR gate circuit (4)
  • 7402: 2-input NOR gate circuit (4)
  • 7403: 2-input NOR gate (open collector output) (4 circuit)
  • 2-input OR gate circuit 7424:4 (type Schmitt trigger)
  • 4-input NOR gate circuit 7425:2 (with STROBE)
  • 3-input NOR gate circuit 7427:3
  • (Buffer type 7402) NOR gate input circuit 2 7428:4
  • 2-input OR gate circuit 7432:4
  • 7433:4 circuit 2-input NOR gate (open collector output)
  • (Different pinouts and 7402) NOR gate input circuit 2 7436:4
  • 2-input NOR gate circuit 7436:4 (50/75Ω line driver)
  • 5-input NOR gate circuit 74260:2

इक्स्क्लुसिव ऑर गेट[संपादित करें]

  • 7486: 2-इनपुट ExOR gate (4)
  • 7486: 2-इनपुट ExOR gate (4)
  • 74136: 2-इनपुट ExOR gate (4) (open collector output)
  • 74266: ExNOR gate (4) (open collector output)
  • 74386: 2-इनपुट ExOR gate (4) (Different pinouts and 7486)

फ्लिप-फ्लॉप लैच[संपादित करें]

  • 7473: JK-flip-flop circuit (2) (with CLR)
  • 7474: 4 D-flip-flop circuit (with PRESET / CLR)
  • 7475: 4 D-latch circuit
  • 7476: 2JK-flip-flop circuit (with PRESET / CLR)
  • JK-flip-flop circuit 7478:2 (with PRESET / CLR, CLOCK, common CLR)
  • 74100:8 bit latch
  • JK-flip-flop circuit 74107:2 (with CLR)
  • 74109:2 JK-flip-flop circuit (positive edge trigger: With PRESET / CLR)
  • Slave flip-flop - JK-circuit master 74111:2
  • 74112:2 JK-flip-flop circuit (negative edge trigger: With PRESET / CLR)
  • 74113:2 JK-flip-flop circuit (negative edge trigger: With PRESET)
  • 74114:2 JK-flip-flop circuit (negative edge trigger: With PRESET / CLR, CLOCK, common CLR)
  • 4-bit latch circuit 74115:2
  • 74171:4 D-flip-flop circuit
  • 74174:6 D-flip-flop circuit
  • 74175:4 D-flip-flop circuit
  • 74259:8 bit address latch enable
  • 74273:4 D-flip-flop circuit
  • JK-flip-flop circuit 74276:4
  • 74279:4 RS-flip-flop circuit
  • 74373:8 D-latch circuit
  • 74374:8 D-flip-flop circuit
  • 74375:4 bit bidirectional latch
  • JK-flip-flop circuit 74376:4
  • 74377:8 D-flip-flop circuit
  • 74378:6 D-flip-flop circuit
  • 74379:4 D-flip-flop circuit
  • 74412:8 bit multi-mode latch

काउन्टर / इनलोडर / डिकोडर[संपादित करें]

  • 7442 : 4-10 decimal decoder BCD
  • 7443: 4-10 decimal decoder BCD-(support large current output)
  • 7446: BCD-7 segment decoder output (30V)
  • 7447: BCD-7 segment decoder output (15V)
  • Divider to 1 7456:50
  • Divider to 1 7457:60
  • Asynchronous counter proceeds go 7490:2 -5
  • Asynchronous counter go 7492:12
  • Asynchronous counter proceeds go 7493:2 -8
  • 7497:6 divider bits
  • 74137:3-8 decoder (with latch)
  • 74138:3-8 decoder
  • 74139:2 2-4 decoder circuit
  • (Open collector, BCD-line decoder: 74 141 Nixie tube for the drive)
  • 74143:7 segment display counter
  • 74144:7 segment display counter (open collector)
  • 4-10 decimal decoder BCD-: 74145
  • Ten decimal-BCD encoder: 74 147
  • Proceed eight encoder 74148:8-3
  • -16 74150:4 bit data input selector
  • 74151:3 bit to 8 data input selector
  • 2-bit input data selector circuit -4 74152:2
  • 74153:2 4-1 data selector circuit
  • 74154:4-16 decoder
  • 74 155: decoder (composite function: totem-pole output)
  • 74 156: Decoder (multi-functional: open collector output)
  • 2-bit input data selector circuit 74157:4
  • 2-bit input data selector circuit 74158:4 (with I / O buffer)
  • -16 74159:4 bit decoder input
  • Synchronous 4-bit binary counter 10: 74 160
  • Synchronous 4-bit binary counter: 74 161
  • Synchronous 4-bit binary counter 10: 74 162
  • Synchronous 4-bit binary counter: 74 163
  • Decimal divider synchronization: 74 167
  • 74168:4-bit up / down counter Synchronous decimal
  • 74169:4-bit up / down binary synchronous counter
  • Converter binary-BCD: 74185
  • Up / down synchronous counter: 74 190
  • Up / down synchronous counter: 74 191
  • Up / down synchronous counter: 74 193
  • Decimal counter can be preset: 74 196
  • Binary counter can be preset: 74 197
  • 74247: BCD-7 segment decoder (open collector, suppress 0)
  • 74249: BCD-7 segment decoder (open collector, suppress 0)
  • 74251:3 bit data input selector 8 (3-State Outputs)
  • 74153:2 4-1 data selector circuit output (3-state)
  • 74257:4 2-1 data selector circuit output (3-state)
  • 74258:4 2-1 data selector circuit output (3-state)
  • Decimal counter: 74 290
  • Programmable frequency divider: 74 292
  • 74293:4 bit binary counter
  • Programmable frequency divider: 74 294
  • 74348:8-3 encoder
  • 74352:2 4-1 data selector circuit
  • 74353:2 4-1 data selector circuit
  • 74354:8-1 data selector (with Register, 3-State)
  • 74355:8-1 data selector (with flip-flops, open collector)
  • 74356:8-1 data selector (with flip-flops, open collector)
  • 74357:8-1 data selector (with flip-flops, open collector)
  • Proceed asynchronous binary counter circuit -5 74490:2

रजिस्टर (register)[संपादित करें]

  • 7491: 8-bit shift register
  • 74164: 8 Output shift register input / parallel bit serial
  • Shift register output / input serial bit parallel 74165:8
  • 74166:8 bit parallel input shift register
  • 74173:4 bit D-type register
  • 74178:4 bit general-purpose shift register
  • 74179:4 bit general-purpose shift register
  • 74194:4 bit general-purpose bi-directional shift register
  • 74195:4 bit parallel access shift register
  • 74273:8 bit register
  • Parallel input / parallel output - Input - 74194:4 bit serial shift register serial output (switchable shift left / right)
  • Serial output shift register - parallel input / parallel output - 74195:4 bit serial input
  • 74198:8 bit general-purpose bi-directional shift register
  • -16 74250:4 bit data input selector
  • Two-input multiplexer circuit 74298:4
  • Shift register memory / 74299:8 bit bidirectional general purpose
  • 74322:8 bit shift register
  • 74323:8 bit bi-directional shift register
  • 74390:2 decimal counter circuit
  • 74393:2 binary counter circuit
  • 74395:4 bit bi-directional shift register
  • Circuit register 74396:4
  • Two-input multiplexer circuit 74398:4
  • Two-input multiplexer circuit 74399:4

computing unit] [ edit

  • 7482:2-bit binary full adder
  • 7485:4 bit arithmetic unit comparison
  • 74 181 (English version): 4-bit ALU (arithmetic and logic operation unit)
  • Look-ahead carry generator: 74 182
  • -4 74261:2 bit multiplier bit
  • 74283:4 bit binary full adder
  • -4 74285:4 bit multiplier bit (need 74 284)
  • 74381:4 bit ALU (arithmetic and logic operation unit)
  • 74382:4 bit ALU (arithmetic and logic operation unit)
  • 74383:8 complement multiplier bit
  • Adder / subtracter circuit serial 74385:4
  • 74518:8 bit comparator
  • 74520:8 bit comparator
  • 74521:8 bit comparator
  • 74688:8 bit comparator

विविध[संपादित करें]

  • 7431: for the delay element group (2-1NAND × 2, buffer × 2, inverter × 2)
  • 7451: AND-NOR gate
  • 7464:4-2-3-2 AND-NOR gate
  • 7465:4-2-3-2 AND-NOR gate (open collector output)
  • 74120:2 pulse synchronizer circuit
  •  : 74 121 Monostable Multivibrator
  • 74 122: Monostable Multivibrator (retriggerable with CLR)
  • 74123:2 monostable multivibrator circuit (re-trigger, with CLR)
  • 74124:2 voltage controlled oscillator circuit
  • XOR-OR/NOR circuit gate 74135:4
  • 74221:2 monostable multivibrator circuit
  • Inspection / 74180:8 bit parity generation
  • Inspection / 74280:9 bit parity generation
  • Inspection / 74286:9 bit parity generation
  • Seventy-four thousand two hundred and ninety-seven: PLL
  • Crystal Oscillator: 74 321
  • Monostable Multivibrator: 74 422
  • Monostable Multivibrator: 74 423

4000 Series[संपादित करें]

  • 4069:6 circuit Inverter
  • Buffer circuit 4050:6
  • 2-input NAND gate circuit 4011:4
  • 2-input NOR gate circuit 4001:4
  • 2-input AND gate circuit 4081:4
  • 2-input OR gate circuit 4071:4
  • ExOR gate input circuit 2 4030:4
  • 4023:3 NAND gate circuit
  • 4025:3 NOR gate circuit
  • 4-input OR gate circuit 4072:2
  • 4073:3 AND gate circuit
  • Input OR gate circuit 3 4075:3
  • 4078:8 input OR gate
  • 4043:4 RS-flip-flop circuit
  • 4042:4 D-latch circuit
  • 4013:4 D-flip-flop circuit
  • JK-flip-flop circuit 4027:2
  • 4510: BCD Up / Down Counter
  • BCD digit counter 4553:3
  • Asynchronous counter go 4024:7 Stage 2
  • Asynchronous counter go 4040:12 Stage 2
  • Asynchronous counter go 4020:14 Stage 2
  • 4076:4-bit register
  • Serial output shift register - 4-bit serial input circuit 4015:2
  • 4006:18 stage shift register
  • 4517:64-bit shift register
  • 4581:4 bit ALU (arithmetic and logic operation unit)
  • 4046: PLL (phase comparator + voltage-controlled oscillator)
  • 4051:8 ch Analog Multiplexer / Demultiplexer (analog switch)
  • 4ch Analog Multiplexer / Demultiplexer 4052:2 circuit (analog switch)
  • 2ch Analog Multiplexer / Demultiplexer 4053:3 circuit (analog switch)
  • Bilateral 4066:4 circuit switch (analog switch)
  • 4511: BCD to 7 segment latch / decoder / driver

टीका[संपादित करें]

सन्दर्भ[संपादित करें]

  • H. P. Westman (ed), Reference Data for Radio Engineers 5th Edition, Howard W. Sams & Co., Indianapolis, 1968, no ISBN, Library of Congress Card 43-14665

साँचा:लॉजिक परिवार