कृत्रिम भाषाओं की सूची
मुक्त ज्ञानकोश विकिपीडिया से
- 1 सहायक भाषाएँ
- 2 अभियंत्रित भाषाएँ
- 3 Artistic languages
- 4 यह भी देखें
- 5 सन्दर्भ
सहायक भाषाएँ[संपादित करें]
Spoken (major)[संपादित करें]
|भाषा का नाम||ISO||
|वोलापूक||vo, vol||1879–1880||जॉहान मार्टिन स्कैलियेर||First to generate international interest in IALs|
|एस्पेरांतो||eo, epo||1887||लुडविग लाज़र ज़ामेनहोफ़||Speakers variously placed between several thousand and 2 million|
|इदीओम नेउत्राल||1902||वाल्देमार रॉसेनबैर्गर||A naturalistic IAL by a former advocate of Volapük|
|लातीनो सीने फ़्लेक्शॉने (पेआनो की अंतरभाषा)||1903||जूझेप्पे पेआनो||"Latin without inflections," it replaced Idiom Neutral in 1908|
|ईदो||io, ido||1907||लुई कुतूरात, लुई द बोफ़्रों||The most successful offspring of Esperanto|
|ओक्सिडेन्टल||ie, ile||1922||एडगर ड वाल||A sophisticated naturalistic IAL (Interlingue)|
|नोवियाल||nov||1928||ओटो येस्पर्सन||Another sophisticated naturalistic IAL|
|ग्लोसा||igs||1943||लांसलोट होगबैन||Originally called Interglossa, has a strong Greco-Latin vocabulary|
|अन्तरभाषा (इंटरलिंगुआ)||ia, ina||1951||इंटरनैशनल आक्जीलरी लैंग्वेज एसोसियेशन||A large project to discover common European vocabulary|
|लिंगुआ फ़्रांका नोवा||lfn||1998||सी. जॉर्ज बुरी||Romance vocabulary with creole-like grammar|
|टोकि पोना||2001||सोन्जा एलिन किसा||highly simplified language with limited vocabulary|
|अंतरस्लाव भाषा (स्लोव्यान्स्की)||1665||यूरी क्रिझ़ानिच, ओंद्रेय रेचनिक, गाब्रियेल स्वोबोदा, यान वान स्तय्न्बेर्गन, इगोर पोल्याकोव, वोयतेक मेरुंन्का||A naturalistic language based on the Slavic languages|
Spoken (minor)[संपादित करें]
|Language name||ISO||Year of first
|Adjuvilo||1908||Claudius Colas||created to cause dissent among Idoists|
|Afrihili||afh||1970||K. A. Kumi Attobrah||a pan-African language|
|Babm||1962||Rikichi Okamoto||noted for using latin letters as an abjad|
|Communicationssprache||1839||Joseph Schipfer||based on French|
|Esperanto II||1937||René de Saussure||last of the esperantidos|
|Europanto||eur||1996||Diego Marani||a "linguistic jest"|
|Grammelot (Cirquish)||16th century||Various||"gibberish" used by performers, including those of Cirque du Soleil|
|Kotava||avk||1978||Staren Fetcey||a sophisticated a priori IAL|
|Lingua sistemfrater||1957||Pham Xuan Thai||Greco-Latin vocabulary with southeast Asian grammar|
|Lingwa de Planeta||2006||Dmitry Ivanov and others||based on the 10 most spoken languages of the planet, including Hindi, Mandarin, Russian and Arabic|
|Modern Indo-European||2006||Carlos Quiles and María Teresa Batalla||modernized Proto-Indo-European|
|Mondial||1940s||Dr. Helge Heimer||naturalistic European language|
|Mundolinco||1888||J. Braakman||the first esperantido|
|Neo||1961||Arturo Alfandari||a very terse European language|
|Nuwaubic||1970s?||Malachi Z. York||the language of a black supremacist group|
|Poliespo||1990s?||Nvwtohiyada Idehesdi Sequoyah||Esperanto grammar with significant Cherokee vocabulary|
|Románico||1991||a pan-Romance language|
|Sambahsa-Mundialect||2007||Olivier Simon||Mixture of simplified Proto-Indo-European and other languages|
|Solresol||1827||François Sudre||the famous "musical language"|
|सोना||1935||केनेथ सीराइट||best known attempt at universality of vocabulary|
|स्पॉकील||1887 or 1890||अडोल्फ निकोलास||an a priori language by a former Volapük advocate|
|Universalglot||1868||Jean Pirro||arguably the first IAL, predating even Volapük|
नियंत्रित भाषाएँ[संपादित करें]
Visual languages[संपादित करें]
अभियंत्रित भाषाएँ[संपादित करें]
- An Essay towards a Real Character and a Philosophical Language by John Wilkins
- Characteristica universalis
- Láadan (ldn)
- Lojban (jbo)
भाषा निरुपण[संपादित करें]
- The Distributed Language Translation project used a "binary-coded" version of Esperanto as a pivot language between the source language and its translation.
Artistic languages[संपादित करें]
उपन्यासों में प्रयोग किये जानेवाली भाषाएँ[संपादित करें]
- Adûnaic from J. R. R. Tolkien's works
- Aklo, Tsath-yo, and R'lyehian are ancient and obscure languages in the works of H. P. Lovecraft, Clark Ashton Smith, and others. Aklo is considered by some writers to be the written language of the Serpent People
- Amtorian, spoken in some cultures on the planet Venus in Pirates of Venus by Edgar Rice Burroughs and several sequels. Judged by critic Fredrik Ekman to have "a highly inventive morphology but a far less interesting syntax." (See .)
- Ancient Language in the Inheritance Trilogy by Christopher Paolini (although this is considered to be a cipher of English by many)
- Angley, Unglish and Inglisss - three languages spoken respectively at Western Europe, North America and the Pacific in the 29th Century world of Poul Anderson's "Orion Shall Rise". All derived from present-day English, the three are mutually unintelligable, following 800 years of separate development after a 21st century nuclear war and the extensive absorption of words and grammatical forms from French in the first case, Russian, Chinese and Mongolian in the second, and Polynesian in the third.
- asa'pili ("world language"), in bolo'bolo, by Swiss author P.M..
- Atreides battle, in Dune by Frank Herbert
- Babel-17, in Babel-17 by Samuel R. Delany
- Baronh, language of Abh in Seikai no Monsho (Crest of the Stars) and others, by Morioka Hiroyuki
- Chakobsa, a language used in the Dune novels by Frank Herbert
- Codex Seraphinianus by Luigi Serafini appears to be written in a constructed language which is presumably the language of the alien civilization the book describes
- Common The language spoken in a wide variety of fantasy fiction, particularly Dungeons and Dragons.
- Drac, language of the alien species in Barry B. Longyear's Enemy Mine and The Enemy Papers
- Kad'k, the language of the Dwarfs in Terry Pratchett's Discworld
- Fremen, language of the native people of Arrakis, in Dune and other novels by Frank Herbert
- Galacticspeak from The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy
- Gobbledygook, the language of goblins, in the Harry Potter series. Noted speakers include Albus Dumbledore and Barty Crouch.
- Glide, created by Diana Reed Slattery, used by the Death Dancers of The Maze Game
- Hardic, Osskilian, and Kargish from Ursula K. Le Guin's Earthsea books
- Ilythiiri, the language of drow elves in Forgotten Realms setting. 
- Kesh, in Ursula K. Le Guin's novel Always Coming Home
- Krakish, in Guardians of Ga'Hoole by Kathryn Lasky
- Láadan (ldn), in Suzette Haden Elgin's science fiction novel Native Tongue and sequels
- Lapine, in Watership Down by Richard Adams
- Lilliputian from Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels. Further samples of the language are provided in T. H. White's Mistress Masham's Repose. In Gulliver's Travels, other fictional languages, spoken in other places Gulliver visits, are also presented, e.g. Brobdingnagian, Laputan, Balbinarbian and Hoyhnhnm languages.
- Mando'a, created by Karen Traviss, used by the Mandalorians in the Star Wars Republic Commando novels Hard Contact and Triple Zero
- Mangani in the Tarzan novels of Edgar Rice Burroughs
- Marain, in The Culture novels of Iain M. Banks
- The languages of Middle-earth (most notably Sindarin (sjn), Quenya (qya) and Khuzdûl) by J. R. R. Tolkien, partly published in The Lord of the Rings, and posthumously discussed in The History of Middle-earth and other publications.
- Molvanian from Molvania, A Land Untouched By Modern Dentistry
- Nadsat slang, in A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess
- Newspeak, in Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell (fictional constructed language)
- Old Solar, in Out of the Silent Planet, Perelandra, and That Hideous Strength by C. S. Lewis
- The Old Tongue from Robert Jordan's Wheel of Time series
- Paluldonian in a Tarzan novel, Tarzan the Terrible, by Edgar Rice Burroughs. Used by the inhabitants of the realm of Pal-ul-don in Africa, separated from the outside world by unpenetrable marshes.
- Parseltongue, the language of snakes, in the Harry Potter series. The ability of humans to speak it is considered a magic ability.
- Pennsylvanisch, from Michael Flynn's The Forest of Time
- Pravic and Iotic, in The Dispossessed by Ursula K. Le Guin
- Ptydepe, from Václav Havel's play The Memorandum
- Quintaglio from Robert J. Sawyer's Quintaglio Ascension Trilogy
- Qwghlmian from Neal Stephenson's Cryptonomicon and The Baroque Cycle
- Reformed Egyptian in the Book of Mormon
- Rihannsu, spoken by the Rihannsu (Romulans) in the Star Trek novels of Diane Duane
- Stark (short for Star Common), a common interstellar English-based language from Orson Scott Card's Ender series
- Starsza Mowa from Andrzej Sapkowski's Hexer saga
- Troll language from Terry Pratchett's Discworld
- Utopian language, appearing in a poem by Petrus Gilles accompanying Thomas More's Utopia
- Zaum, poetic tongue elaborated by Velimir Khlebnikov, Aleksei Kruchonykh, and other Russian Futurists as a "transrational" and "most universal" language "of songs, incantations, and curses".
- Several languages spoken by Panurge in François Rabelais' Pantagruel (1532)
- The Time Machine featured an unnamed language for the Eloi people.
- Jack Womack's Dryco novels feature a future form of English with a modified grammar.
- Bordurian in some of Hergé's The Adventures of Tintin, mostly in The Calculus Affair
- Interlac, the universal language spoken in the 30th century in the Legion of Super Heroes comics
- Kryptonese, or Kryptonian, the language of Superman's home planet of Krypton
- Syldavian, in some of Hergé's The Adventures of Tintin, mostly in King Ottokar's Sceptre
फिल्म एवं टेलीविजन[संपादित करें]
- Two kinds of alien language, termed "Alienese" and "Beta Crypt 3" appear quite frequently in background sight gags in Futurama.
- Ancient in the Stargate universe (i.e. Stargate SG-1 and Stargate Atlantis) is the language of the Ancients, the builders of the Stargates; it is similar in pronunciation to Medieval Latin. The Athosians say prayers in Ancient.
- Atlantean created by Marc Okrand for the film Atlantis: The Lost Empire
- Cityspeak, a "mishmash of Japanese, Spanish, German," plus Hungarian and French, spoken on the street of overcrowded and multi-lingual Los Angeles of 2019 in Blade Runner. Similarly, used in many cyberpunk genre role playing games.
- Enchanta, in the Encantadia and Etheria television series in the Philippines, created by the head writer Suzette Doctolero
- Gelfling, spoken in Jim Henson's fantasy epic The Dark Crystal
- Goa'uld, the galactic lingua franca from Stargate SG-1, supposedly influenced Ancient Egyptian
- Huttese, language of both alien species and people in some of George Lucas's Star Wars films
- Irken, in Invader Zim, by Jhonen Vasquez, et al.
- Klingon (tlh), in the Star Trek movie and television series, created by Marc Okrand
- Krakozhian from The Terminal
- Ku, a fictional African language in the movie The Interpreter (2005)
- Linguacode, a universal language code sometimes used by the United Federation of Planets in the Star Trek television series.
- Marklar, spoken by the people of Marklar in a South Park episode.
- Minbari from Babylon 5, three related languages used together, corresponding to the areas of expertise of the three societal castes.
- Nadsat, the fictional language spoken by Alex and his friends in Clockwork Orange.
- Paku from Land of the Lost
- PortuGreek, the trade language featured in Waterworld
- The pseudo-Spanish/Greek/Arabic language of Republica, as used in the fictional Chanel 9 program within the British comedy sketch show the The Fast Show
- Quenya (qya) and Sindarin (sjn), the two Elven languages, spoken in the Lord of the Rings movies.
- Slovetzian, the fictional Slavic language of Slovetzia in the movie The Beautician and the Beast
- The Star Wars series features several fictional languages, see: Languages in Star Wars
- Tenctonese from the Alien Nation movie and television series, created by Van Ling and Kenneth Johnson
- Unas in Stargate SG-1, supposedly the first hosts of the Goa'uld
- Ulam, language spoken by the prehistoric humans in Anthony Burgess' movie Quest for Fire, created by melting roots of European languages.
- Vampire language used in the movie Blade.
- Vulcan language from Star Trek
गैर नामित भाषाएँ[संपादित करें]
- In the Janissaries series of science-fiction novels by Jerry Pournelle, the human natives of the planet Tran speak a language apparently derived from Mycenaean. A form of Latin is also spoken in an empire resembling ancient Rome's, but only by scholars.
- Riddley Walker, a 1980 novel by Russell Hoban, set in a post-apocalyptic future, is written entirely in a "devolved" form of English.
- Writer/director Luc Besson invented a Divine Language for Milla Jovovich's character "Leeloo" to speak in the film The Fifth Element.
- Gulevache: fictional Romance Language of the kingdom of Gulevandia on the bilingual opera Cardoso en Gulevandia by the comedy group Les Luthiers
- Kobaian, the language used by 70's French rock group Magma.
- Vonlenska, sometimes known as "Hopelandic", the language sung by Jón Þór Birgisson of the Icelandic band "Sigur Rós" on many of their songs.
- Loxian, featured on the Enya album Amarantine.
- Unnamed language by Yves Barbieux, used in his song "Sanomi" and performed by the Belgian group Urban Trad in the Eurovision Song contest in 2003.
- Mohelmot, a forbidden language used by The Residents on the album The Big Bubble: Part Four of the Mole Trilogy.
- Unnamed language by Emmanuelle Orange, used in her song Pialoushka and performed by Montreal band Eden106.
- Unnamed language featured in the chorus of 2NU's 1991 track This is Ponderous.
- In the Halo series several alien languages are spoken by the Covenant.
- Al Bhed is a language used by the race of people known by the same name in the fictional world of Spira, in the games Final Fantasy X & Final Fantasy X-2
- Alaani, Angram (old dwarvish), Asdharia (high elvish), Isdira (elvish), Rogolan (dwarvish), Rssahh (language of the 'lizard-people') and others in the role-playing game The Dark Eye
- Ancient Altmer, the old tongue of High Elves in The Elder Scrolls series.
- Ancient Hylian is the ancient language used by the first Hylians in The Legend of Zelda
- Animalese is one language spoken by the NPC characters of Animal Crossing. There is also the option that they can speak Bebebese.
- Bluddian from the video game Captain Blood by Cryo Interactive Entertainment
- Common, Darnassian, Draenei language, Dwarvish, Gnomish, Gutterspeak, Orcish, Taurahe, Thalassian, and Troll language, all from the Warcraft Universe
- D'ni, the language spoken by the subterranean D'ni people in Cyan Worlds' Myst series of computer games and novels
- Dino, the language made by the Dinosaur Planet in Star Fox Adventures
- Gargish, used in the Ultima computer game series, by the gargoyle race
- kiZombie, used by zombies in the Urban Dead MMORPG
- The unnamed language sung by the LocoRoco in the PSP game of the same name.
- Mando'a, created by Karen Traviss, used by the Mandalorians in Star Wars: Republic Commando
- Or'zet, the rediscovered language of the Orks from the Shadowrun role playing game
- The unnamed language used by the Protoss in the StarCraft series
- Simlish from the computer game The Sims
- Sload, the language of the epynomous race in The Elder Scrolls series.
- Sperethiel, the language of the Elven nations of Tir Tairngire and Tir na Nog from the Shadowrun role playing game
- Tho Fan, in the Xbox game Jade Empire
- The unnamed language used by the Zerg race in the StarCraft series
- The unnamed language used by the Blobs when they sing, in the PlayStation Portable Game, "LocoRoco"
- The unnamed language used in the Klonoa series up to Klonoa Heroes: Legend of the Star Medal, and an expetation in Namco X Capcom, uses normal Japanese. It is known as Klonian or more recently Lunatean from Klonoa 2: Lunatea's Veil.
- Panzerese, a mix of German, Japanese, and Latin, used in the Panzer Dragoon series of games.
- Alltongue, magical language spoken in Arcadia in The Longest Journey series
- Teonaht, by Sally Caves
- Verdurian, one of several languages created for the fictional planet of Almea by Mark Rosenfelder
वैकल्पिक भाषाएँ[संपादित करें]
- Brithenig (bzt), created by the inventor of the alternate history of Ill Bethisad, Andrew Smith
- Several North Slavic languages, inspired by the existence of West, East and South Slavic languages and the absence of a Northern branch
- Wenedyk (Venedik in English), a language of the alternate history of Ill Bethisad created by Jan van Steenbergen
माइक्रो नेशनल भाषाएँ[संपादित करें]
- Talossan, by R. Ben Madison
व्यक्तिगत भाषाएँ[संपादित करें]
- Gibberish (language game)
- Língua do Pê
- Pig Latin
- Starckdeutsch, Starckteutsch
- Ubbi dubbi
यह भी देखें[संपादित करें]
- Alien language
- Artificial script
- Constructed language
- Engineered language
- International auxiliary language
- Language game
- भाषाओं की सूची
- Voynich Manuscript
- Standard language references such as Peter T. Daniels and William Bright, eds., The World's Writing Systems (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996) (990 pages); David Crystal, The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language (Cambridge University Press, 1997); and Roger D. Woodard, ed., The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages (Cambridge University Press, 2004) (1162 pages) contain no reference to "reformed Egyptian." "Reformed Egyptian" is also ignored in Andrew Robinson, Lost Languages: The Enigma of the World's Undeciphered Scripts (New York: McGraw Hill, 2002), although it is mentioned in Stephen Williams, Fantastic Archaeology: The Wild Side of North American Prehistory (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991).